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737-300/400 ANTI-ICE

PT. METRO BATAVIA Directorate of Operational

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Slide 1 of 30

Anti-Ice Protection Areas


Eight of the ten flight deck windows are electrically heated. The cowl lip on both engines are heated utilizing bleed air. All four pitot-static tubes (two on each side), both AOA vanes (one on each side) and the TAT probe (left side only) are electrically heated. All six leading edge slats (three on each wing) are heated utilizing bleed air.

Both elevator pitot tubes (one on each side of vertical stabilizer) are electrically heated.

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Slide 2 of 30

Window Heat Panel

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Slide 3 of 30

Window Heat Panel


Window OVERHEAT Lights: Illuminated Overheat condition is detected. Temp reaches 62 degree celcius Note: OVERHEAT light illuminates if electrical power to window is interrupted.

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Slide 4 of 30

Window Heat Panel


Window Heat ON Lights: Illuminated Window heat is being applied to selected window. Under normal conditions, all four green ON lights should illuminate when the WINDOW HEAT switches are positioned to ON.
Range working temperature 32-43 degree celcius

Extinguished One of the following has occurred: The respective switch has been turned OFF. An overheat condition has been detected. A system failure has occurred. The respective window is already above it normal operating temperature.
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Slide 5 of 30

Window Heat Panel


WINDOW HEAT Switches: ON Window heat is applied to selected window. OFF Window heat not in use.

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Slide 6 of 30

Window Heat Panel


WINDOW HEAT Test Switch: (spring-loaded to center) OVHT Tests the window overheat system by simulating an OVERHEAT condition. PWR TEST Provides a confidence test. Use PWR TEST whenever one or more green ON lights do not illuminate when the WINDOW HEAT switches are positioned to ON.

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Slide 7 of 30

Window/Foot Air Controls


WINDSHIELD AIR Controls: Pull Supplies conditioned air to respective forward windows (L1 and R1) for defogging.

FOOT AIR Controls: Pull Supplies conditioned air to pilots leg positions.

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Slide 8 of 30

Pitot-Static Heat Panel

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Slide 9 of 30

Pitot-Static Heat Panel


PITOT STATIC Lights: Illuminated Related probe not heated. Extinguished Related probe is receiving heat.

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Slide 10 of 30

Pitot-Static Heat Panel


PITOT STATIC HEAT Switches (A and B): ON Power is supplied to electrically heat related probe. Respective pitot-static light will extinguish to indicate heat is being applied. OFF Power is removed from related probe.

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Slide 11 of 30

Engine Anti-Ice Panel

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Slide 12 of 30

Engine Anti-Ice Panel


COWL ANTI-ICE Lights: Illuminated Indicates an overpressure or overtemperature condition in the duct downstream of the engine cowl antiice valve. Over pressure >65 PSI Over temperature >825 degree F

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Slide 13 of 30

Engine Anti-Ice Panel


COWL VALVE OPEN Lights: Illuminated bright blue Related engine cowl anti-ice valve is in transit, or related engine cowl anti-ice valve position disagrees with related ENG ANTI-ICE switch position. Illuminated dim blue Related engine cowl anti-ice valve is fully open and therefore in agreement with ENG ANTI-ICE switch position (switch ON). Normal pressure 50 PSI Extinguished Related cowl anti-ice valve is closed (switch OFF).

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Slide 14 of 30

Engine Anti-Ice Panel


ENGINE ANTI-ICE Switches: ON Related engine cowl anti-ice valve is signaled to open. OFF Related engine cowl anti-ice valve is signaled to close.

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Slide 15 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice Panel

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Slide 16 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice Panel


Wing Anti-Ice (L & R) VALVE OPEN Lights: Illuminated bright blue Related wing anti-ice valve is in transit, or related wing anti-ice valve position disagrees with WING ANTI-ICE switch position. Illuminated dim blue Related wing anti-ice valve is fully open and therefore in agreement with WING ANTI-ICE switch position (switch ON). Max temperature 257 degree F / 125 degree C Extinguished Related wing anti-ice valve is closed (switch OFF).

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Slide 17 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice Panel


WING ANTI-ICE Switch: OFF Both wing anti-ice valves are signaled to close. ON (in flight) Both wing anti-ice valves are signaled to open.

This concludes the review of the Anti-Ice Panels. The remainder of the presentation will discuss the anti-ice system in greater detail. Click Next to continue.
PT. METRO BATAVIA Directorate of Operational

ON (on the ground) Both wing anti-ice valves are signaled to open if both thrust levers are below the takeoff warning setting and temperature inside both distribution ducts is below thermal switch activation temperature. Both wing anti-ice valves are signaled to close if either thrust lever is above the takeoff warning setting or the thermal switch is activated in either distribution duct. Switch remains in ON position. Switch automatically moves to OFF upon air/ground system sensing air mode.
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Window Heat
Temperature controllers maintain the forward (L1, R1) and side windows (L2, R2) at the correct temperature to ensure maximum strength of the windows in the event of a bird strike. Power to the forward and side windows is automatically removed if an overheat condition is detected. A thermal switch attached to the aft overhead windows (L5, R5). This thermal switch opens and closes to maintain the correct temperature of the overhead windows (see schematic next slide). Windows L3 and R3 are not electrically heated.

L5

L4

R4

R5

L3

L2

L1

R1

R2

R3

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Slide 19 of 30

Window Overheat Test


Use the OVHT test to simulate an overheat condition of the window heat system. This test will ensure that window overheat protection is operating normally.

Click here to see a demonstration of the OVHT test

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Window Heat Power Test


Use PWR TEST whenever one or more green ON lights do not illuminate when the WINDOW HEAT switches are positioned to ON. This will provide a confidence test to ensure that the window heat system is operating normally.

Click here to see a demonstration of the PWR TEST

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Slide 21 of 30

Window Heat Schematic

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER THERMAL SWITCH VENTED TO FLIGHT DECK

TEMP CONT

TEMP CONT

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER

VENTED TO FLIGHT DECK

L5

L4

R4

R5

L3

L2
WINDSHIELD AIR

L1

R1

R2
WINDSHIELD AIR

R3

FROM AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

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Slide 22 of 30

Pitot-Static Probe and Sensor Heat


All pitot-static probes, the total temperature probe (TAT PROBE), and the angle of airflow sensors (L, R ALPHA VANE) are electrically heated to prevent the formation of ice. The two alternate static ports are not heated.

See picture of alternate static port

See picture of pitot-static probes associated with lights above

See picture of pitot-static probes associated with lights above

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Slide 23 of 30

Engine Anti-Ice
The engine anti-ice system utilizes bleed air from the 5th or 9th stage of the high pressure compressor section. Only the engine cowl lip is anti-iced. The cowl anti-ice valve is electrically activated and pneumatically operated. Positioning the respective ENG ANTI-ICE switch to ON allows engine bleed air to flow through the cowl anti-ice valve to the cowl lip. While the cowl anti-ice valve is transitioning from closed to open, the COWL VALVE OPEN light illuminates bright blue. When the cowl anti-ice valve is fully open, the COWL VALVE OPEN light illuminates dim blue.

See picture of engine cowl lip

5th stage Engine bleed air valve Cowl anti-ice valve 9th stage High stage valve (9th)

To pneumatic system

No. 1 engine

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Engine Anti-Ice
If the cowl anti-ice valve fails to move to the position selected by the ENG ANTI-ICE switch, the COWL VALVE OPEN light remains illuminated bright blue. The amber COWL ANTI-CE illuminates to indicate excessive pressure or temperature in the duct leading from the cowl anti-ice valve to the cowl lip. Engine anti-ice is available to the cowl lip even when the engine bleed air valve is closed. For example, during a BLEED TRIP, the engine bleed air valve is automatically signaled to close. This closure will not affect engine anti-ice availability for the respective engine.

5th stage Engine bleed air valve Cowl anti-ice valve 9th stage High stage valve (9th)

To pneumatic system

No. 1 engine

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Wing Anti-Ice
The wing anti-ice system utilizes bleed air to protect the leading edge slats only. The wing anti-ice system does not include the leading edge flaps (Krueger flaps). The wing anti-ice valves are AC motor operated. With a valve open, bleed air flows to the leading edge slats via a telescoping duct. The bleed air is then exhausted overboard through small exhaust holes located on the lower surface of the slats. The wing anti-ice system is effective with the slats in any position (fully retracted, extended, or fully extended).
Leading Edge Flaps (not heated) Leading Edge Slats

Leading Edge Flaps (not heated)

Leading Edge Slats

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Slide 26 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice
System operation on the ground: Positioning the WING ANTI-ICE switch to ON, signals the two (left & right) wing anti-ice valves to open. The valves will open if the thrust levers on both engines are below the setting for takeoff warning activation (approximately 32 thrust lever angle) and the temperature inside both wing distribution ducts is less than the thermal switch activation temperature. While the valves are transitioning from closed to open, the associated VALVE OPEN light will illuminate bright blue, and then illuminate dim blue when the respective valve is fully open.
Leading Edge Flaps (not heated) Leading Edge Slats

Leading Edge Flaps (not heated)

Leading Edge Slats

PT. METRO BATAVIA Directorate of Operational

Slide 27 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice
System operation on the ground (continued): Both wing anti-ice valves are signaled to close if either thrust lever is above the setting for takeoff warning activation or the temperature inside either wing distribution duct senses over-temperature. In the event that the valves do close, the associated VALVE OPEN light illuminates bright blue to indicate disagreement between switch and valve position (WING ANTI-ICE switch remains in the ON position). The valves automatically re-open when both thrust levers are repositioned below the setting for takeoff warning activation and both temperature sensors are cool. VALVE OPEN lights now illuminate dim blue to indicate agreement between switch and valve position.
Leading Edge Flaps (not heated) Leading Edge Slats

Leading Edge Flaps (not heated)

Leading Edge Slats

PT. METRO BATAVIA Directorate of Operational

Slide 28 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice
System operation in flight: During takeoff, when the air/ground sensing system detects being airborne, the WING ANTI-ICE switch automatically trips to the OFF position, which will result in the VALVE OPEN lights changing from bright blue to extinguished. The extinguishing of the VALVE OPEN lights indicate that the wing anti-ice valves are now fully closed, which is in agreement with the WING ANTI-ICE switch (OFF). Once in flight, thrust lever setting logic and distribution duct temperature are inhibited and have no affect on wing anti-ice valve operation, therefore both valves open when the WING ANTI-ICE switch is positioned to ON.
Leading Edge Flaps (not heated) Leading Edge Slats

Leading Edge Flaps (not heated)

Leading Edge Slats

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Slide 29 of 30

Wing Anti-Ice Schematic

THRUST LEVERS ABOVE T/O WARNING HIGH TEMP LOW TEMP

THRUST LEVERS BELOW T/O WARNING THERMAL SWITCH

GROUND AIR RIGHT MAIN LANDING GEAR

PNEUMATIC MANIFOLD LEADING EDGE SLATS WING ANTI-ICE VALVE

WING DISTRIBUTION DUCT TELESCOPING DUCT


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