Driving | Seat Belt | Driving Under The Influence

Defensive Driving

Five Easy Ways to Lower Your Driving Risk

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9/6/2013

Five Easy Ways to Lower Your Driving Risk
Safety Belts  Avoid alcohol and other drugs  Use all your senses, not just vision  Be aware of your limitations  Learn to recognize and manage risk early

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9/6/2013

Safety Belts
The safest place in your car during a crash is the seat you are already in.  Properly worn and fastened, safety belts are 45-50% effective in reducing the risk of a fatal crash.  Safety belts are 55-60% effective in reducing injuries in a nonfatal collision.  Air bags increase the effectiveness of safety belts by 10-15%.

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9/6/2013

Estimated Number of Lives Saved by Safety Belts 4 9/6/2013 .

Estimated Number of Lives Saved by Child Restraints and Air Bags 5 9/6/2013 .

Safety Belt Benefits Prevents the “second” and “third” collision.  Spreads crash force out.  Provides drivers with greater control in emergency situations.  6 9/6/2013 .  Provides “ride down” benefit.  Prevents ejection from vehicle.  Prevents occupants from striking each other.

Elements of a Traffic Accident  Driver – 90%  Examples???? Examples???? Examples????  Vehicle – 5%   Roadway environment – 5%  7 9/6/2013 .

Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs 8 9/6/2013 .

% of Total Traffic Fatalities with Alcohol Present 9 9/6/2013 .

more than 80% will admit to driving after drinking at some point.  Most Americans who can legally consume alcohol. do.Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs The decision to drink alcohol is a personal decision. the decision to drink alcohol and operate a motor vehicle is the business of every responsible traffic citizen.  10 9/6/2013 . Unfortunately.

Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs  America is a nation of drinkers and of drivers.000 registered vehicles (1998)  11 9/6/2013 .500. Over five billion gallons of liquor is consumed every year.  185.000 licensed drivers (1998)  215.400.

25% of every auto insurance dollar YOU pay goes for damages done by the drunk driver. you are still a victim of this social problem:      70 people die every day in alcohol-related crashes. or if you don’t drink and drive.Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs  Even if you don’t drink. 12 . two out of every five Americans can expect to be involved in an 9/6/2013 alcohol-related crash in his/her lifetime. 50% of the people killed in alcohol-related crashes are not the drinking driver Cost to society is in the Billion$ . At the current rate. about one every 20 minutes.

 Drinking any amount of alcohol impairs the ability to drive.  . though probability of a crash increases dramatically with rising BAC. but driving impairment begins at a lower level. 13  9/6/2013 .08% BAC is the current legal level of intoxication in Illinois.Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs There is a clear and direct relationship between alcohol impairment and motor vehicle crash responsibility.

Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs What is alcohol?  What is BAC?  How is BAC achieved?  14 9/6/2013 .

 The shaded portions represent illegal intoxication for drivers in Illinois and Missouri. gender. general physical condition.  15 9/6/2013 .Alcohol Impairment Chart The following charts are intended only as guides. amount of food consumed and any drugs and medications. Your blood-alcohol level may be affected by your age.

 Note: Subtract 0.01 % for each 40 minutes elapsed since having a drink.  16 9/6/2013 . of wine.Alcohol Impairment Chart For the purposes of this guide.25 oz. of 80 proof liquor. “one drink” is equal to 1. of regular beer or 5 oz. 12 oz.

03 0.08 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.23 Body Weight in Pounds 120 140 160 180 200 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.10 240 0.16 0.02 0.05 0.14 0.05 0.03 0.08 0.19 0.19 0.09 0.06 0.Men: Approximate bloodalcohol percentage (within one hour) Drinks 1 2 3 4 5 6 17 100 0.02 0.12 0.11 0.07 0.12 0.03 0.15 0.11 220 0.08 0.06 0.03 0.08 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.09 9/6/2013 .11 0.13 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.13 0.04 0.09 0.16 0.06 0.09 0.

13 0.14 220 0.10 0.19 0.03 0.09 0.08 0.14 0.18 0.02 0.14 0.11 0.05 0.15 0.02 0.08 0.23 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.16 0.15 0.12 240 0.07 0.23 0.04 0.19 0.Women: Approximate bloodalcohol percentage (within one hour) Drinks 1 2 3 4 5 6 18 100 0.09 0.03 0.27 Body Weight in Pounds 120 140 160 180 200 0.05 0.08 0.11 0.11 9/6/2013 .07 0.09 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.13 0.09 0.03 0.17 0.

How does BAC affect the driving task?  19 9/6/2013 . and psychomotor skills. visual acuity.Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs How is BAC measured?  The driving task is a complex skill involving a mixture of decision-making abilities.

Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs DUI provisions  Implied consent  Penalties  Visual cues to identify a drunk driver  What should you do if you suspect a driver is intoxicated?  20 9/6/2013 .

enforcement and prosecution  Support efforts to reduce the problem  21 9/6/2013 .Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs Solution to drinking/driving problem is multi-faceted:  Individual responsibility  Fair and consistent laws.

Motor Vehicle Death Rates by Day and Night 22 9/6/2013 .

Motor Vehicle Deaths by Type of Accident 23 9/6/2013 .

Motor Vehicle Deaths by Age 24 9/6/2013 .

 Other senses:  Hearing  Smell  Feel  Common  25 9/6/2013 .Use ALL Your Senses Most of the information gathered while driving is visual. but research indicates that the most competent drivers do not rely solely on visual inputs.

D.P.I. scan  I – Identify  P – Predict  D – Decide  E .S.E. sense.Execute S 26 9/6/2013 . Method – Search.

Be Aware of YOUR Limitations  Immediate State  Temporary  Fatigue illness  Carbon monoxide poisoning 27 9/6/2013 .

Be Aware of YOUR Limitations  Chronic conditions  Permanent disabilities  Depth perception  Night vision/night blindness  Color blindness 28 9/6/2013 .

Learn to Recognize and Manage Risk Early Adjust your driving pattern to the driving environment.  Watch your following distance!  Know what is around you at all times   Use  the Smith System Drive responsibly – Keep your welfare and the welfare of your passengers and other highway users in mind. 29 9/6/2013 .

”  Make sure YOU are seen.  Leave yourself an “out.The “Smith System” of Perceptual Driving Habits Aim High in Steering.  30 9/6/2013 .  Get the big picture.  Keep your eyes moving.

Vehicle Safety Engineering Crash avoidance  Crash worthiness  Passenger protection  31 9/6/2013 .

 Actions by pedestrians that endanger themselves.Pedestrian Safety Actions by motorists that endanger pedestrians.  32 9/6/2013 .

 Obstructing view by parking too close to crosswalk.Actions by Motorists that Endanger Pedestrians Driving too fast for conditions.  Failing to yield to pedestrians in a midblock crosswalk.  33 9/6/2013 .  Driving while under the influence of alcohol or other substances.

 Failing to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian in a crosswalk.  Passing a stopped vehicle that blocks the view of pedestrians.  34 9/6/2013 .Actions by Motorists that Endanger Pedestrians Failing to stop before crossing sidewalk.

 Crossing between intersections.  Crossing between parked cars.Actions by Pedestrians that Endanger Themselves Walking while intoxicated.  Crossing against a signal.  35 9/6/2013 .

 Walking in the street when sidewalks are provided.  Playing in the street.  Walking diagonally across an intersection.  36 9/6/2013 .Actions by Pedestrians that Endanger Themselves Failing to watch traffic.

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