Security Level

:

GSM Radio Coverage and Capacity Planning
V 2.1
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Foreword

The planning for the radio network mainly involves coverage and capacity. The coverage planning

involves radio propagation and hardware model.
The capacity planning involves channel

configuration and location area planning. This course describes the preceding contents.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

you should be familiar with: • Planning for coverage and capacity • Principles of selecting combiner-divider • Technology of improving coverage • Estimation of capacity HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 3 .. LTD.Purpose After learning this course.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 4 .. LTD.Contents  Chapter 1 Radio Network Planning  Chapter 2 Radio Coverage Planning  Chapter 3 Radio Capacity Planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Input Subscriber number/traffic model Input Coverage acreage/communica tion probability Capacity planning Output Network capacity Output Single-BTS capacity Output Single-BTS configuration Coverage planning Output BTS quantity HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Radio Network Planning The radio network planning consists of coverage planning and capacity planning that are interactional. HUAWEI Confidential Page 5 . LTD..

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Radio Network Planning Category of radio network:  New-constructed network  Reconstruction network  expanded network  Swapped network Different networks require different input information and focuses.. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 6 .

Contents  Chapter 1 Radio Network Planning  Chapter 2 Radio Coverage Planning  Chapter 3 Radio Capacity Planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 7 .

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8 . LTD.Basic Knowledge of Radio Coverage Basic knowledge of radio coverage: • • • • Balance of uplink and downlink Communication probability Propagation model Forecast for coverage distance HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 9 .. LTD.Balance of Uplink and Downlink • Why the balance of uplink and downlink is required? • What are the factors that may affect the balance of uplink and downlink? HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. the time change has little impact on the communication probability. HUAWEI Confidential Page 10 .Communication Probability Concept of communication probability: Success call rate of MS on the radio coverage border or in the cell Category of communication probability: location probability and time probability In general.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. so it can be neglected.

HUAWEI Confidential . LTD..4+20logf+20logd) Okumura-Hata model (Applying to forecast of 900M macro cell) COST231-Hata model (Applying to forecast of 1800M macro cell)    COST231 Walfish Ikegami model (Applying to forecast of 900M and 1800M micro cells) Indoor propagation model (Keenan-Motley. applying to 900M and 1800M cells)  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Propagation Model Common propagation model  Propagation model of free space (Lp=32.

estimate the maximum path loss. According to the communication probability. 4. LTD. According to the balance of uplink and downlink. obtain the receiving level median. confirm the propagation model. Forecast the coverage distance of cell. HUAWEI Confidential Page 12 ..Forecast of Coverage Distance Principles 1. According to the features of environment. 3. 2. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

.Forecast of Coverage Distance HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 13 .

.Forecast of Coverage Distance Case To construct a 900MHz Network in the suburb that requires about 100 square kilometer coverage acreage. forecast the coverage distance and calculate the required quantity of BTSs. and 91% border coverage probability. LTD. -94dBm minimum receiving level. Useful input information • Band: 900MHz • Network environment: suburb • Coverage acreage: 100km2 • Efficient receiving level: -94dBm • Border coverage probability: 91% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 14 .

LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 15 Required BTS quantity .Forecast of Coverage Distance Frequency Environment Level Probability Coverage acreage Coverage radius HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

LTD..Question  What parameters are required in the coverage planning? How to select coverage scheme according to coverage requirements?  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 16 .

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 17 .Contents  Chapter 1 Radio Network Planning  Chapter 2 Radio Coverage Planning  Chapter 3 Radio Capacity Planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

LTD.Contents  Section 1 Basic Knowledge of Capacity Planning  Section 2 Capacity Planning  Section 3 Location Area Planning  Section 4 Expanding Network Capacity HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 ..

Basic Knowledge of Capacity Planning For the capacity planning. use the following formula to calculate call loss rate: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.. Busy-hour traffic per subscriber: A=α•t Call loss rate (service grade) When all the channels of a system are occupied. Unit: Erlang. you need to know about the following basic concepts: Traffic Call exchange volume of a subscriber in a particular time Another name: traffic load . HUAWEI Confidential Page 19 .

HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 . LTD.Basic Knowledge of Capacity Planning Erlang-B HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

LTD. obtain the average traffic load of a single BTS and channel configuration data. forecast network traffic. According to the number of BTSs.. and local economic situations.Capacity Planning Description about Capacity Planning According to the number of subscribers. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 . traffic model.

01 20% 1 0 0 10% 10% 100% 30% 1.61 20% 1.018 48 39 57 40 33 47 Others 0.7 0 0 10% 10% 100% 40% 1.35 80% Call put-through rate Number of location update in busy hours 1.015 40 33 47 0.35 80% 2.91 20% 1..7 0 0 10% 10% 100% 40% 1. HUAWEI Confidential 1.015 0.7 0 0 10% 10% 100% 30% 36% 24% 36% 24% Page 22 38% 32% 38% 32% .Capacity Planning Case about Traffic Model Items Traffic model A B 0.35 80% 1.35 80% 1.21 Rate of secondary paging 20% Number of handover per call 1 Number of sending messages in busy hours 0 Number of receiving messages in busy hours 0 10% Rate of incoming roaming Rate of outgoing roaming 10% 100% Rate of activation 40% Mobile-Mobile 36% Call rate Fixed-Mobile 24% Mobile-Fixed HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.018 Busy-hour traffic per subscriber 48 Average call duration Calling quantity 39 Called quantity 57 Number of calls in busy hours 1.71 20% 1.35 80% 1.018 48 39 57 C 0. LTD.

.000. LTD.Capacity Planning Case about Capacity Forecast A local network will be constructed. the number of subscribers may attain 100. Provide that the traffic per subscriber is 0.000 • Call loss rate: 2% • Traffic model: 0. After two years.02Erl • Number of BTSs: 120 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Useful information • Subscriber quantity: 100.02Erl. and the call loss rate is 2%. HUAWEI Confidential Page 23 . 120 BTSs are required.

Capacity Planning Case about Capacity Forecast ① Roaming factor (traffic and developing trend): 10%.02=3000Erl. ④ Based on 2% call loss rate. dynamic factor (burst traffic): 15% Network capacity: 10×(1+10%+15%)=125000 ① In terms of congestion. ③ The average traffic per BTS is: 3000/120=15Erl. Thus. HUAWEI Confidential Page 24 . ② According to the provided traffic model. LTD. use 85% to calculate the bearer capability for traffic. the design capacity of network is: 12. that is 150000. 2TRX/every cell HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..5/(85%)=147100.02Erl traffic. query the Erlang-B to find the number of voice channels: 10 channels/every cell ⑤ The number of control channels: 12 channels/every cell. average traffic per cell: 15/3=5Erl. that is average 0. forecast the busy-hour traffic of the whole network: 150000 ×0.

how to plan coverage and capacity and how to obtain number of BTSs and that of carriers? HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD..Questions • What data are required for capacity planning? • For a new network. HUAWEI Confidential Page 25 .

huawei.com .Thank You www.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.