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WIMAX NETWORK ACCESS AND TROUBLESHOOTING
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
Chapter 1 NETWORK ACCESS
Chapter 2 TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
the MS obtains basic CID and PRIMARY CID The MS negotiates the basic capabilities with the BS through the SBC-REQ?SBC-RSP message. DCD/UCD to obtain the UL/DL channel parameters and keeps MAC UL/DL synchronization After the ms obtains UL parameters it initializes the ranging process.. If synch succeeds. an indication Is given The MS demodulates messages DL/UL MAP. they negotiate mainly parameters related to the physical layer and authentication HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 3 . After the ranging process succeeds.ACCESS FLOW The ms performs DL physical synchronization.
. the ms responds with the DSA-RSP message and Obtains the service CID HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.ACCESS FLOW CONT’D The MS performs registration by communicating with the BS through the REG-REQ//REG-RSP message The IP connection setup. LTD. Time and date setup and operation parameters sending are optional according to the protocol. Huawei Confidential Page 4 . The implementation of these phases depends on product realization Then the BS sends the DSA-REQ message to the ms and sets up the traffic flow and assigns it to the MS.
LTD..The capture above shows the actual flow as the CPE tries to Access the WIMAX network HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 5 .
LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 6 . There are 3 ways in which the maintenance interface can be accessed. as well as make modifications To various physical layer parameters to enable access or during troubleshooting.THE MAINTENANCE NETWORK INTERFACE This is used to check.. •BWA •IE •COMMAND PROMPT HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.
making Modifications on physical parameters Is possible through expert login If the CPE has not been connected to the System.. this would be displayed at the bottom Of the BWA interface HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Expert Login When BWA is launched.BWA Input the username and Password in the space Provided. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 7 . as shown below CLICK Tools. the diagram On the left appears.
LTD. Also username and password Click frequency setting to make modifications on Frequency settings HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..From this expert mode. and frequency settings. Huawei Confidential Page 8 . Modifications can be made to the Bandwidth.
Huawei Confidential Page 9 ..3 important command used when troubleshooting Network Access “Showss” “Showssphy” “Showmacdl” HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.
INTERNET EXPLORER Input user name and password in The area provided HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 10 . LTD..
Huawei Confidential Page 11 .Once the correct user name and password has been inputed the interface shown above appears which shows the device information HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD.
LTD. various physical Layer parameters can be viewed HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 12 ..Click WIMAX Under WIMAX Status.
Huawei Confidential Page 13 ..By clicking SCAN INFO the stored DL frequency settings can be viewed HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.
LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 14 ..By clicking on security under WIMAX the user name and password can be changed HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.
From SCANSET modifications in the frequency settings can be made.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 15 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.
After modifications have been made it is important to reboot the the CPE for the modifications to take effect. this is done by clicking DEVICE under Maintain HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 16 ..
COMMAND PROMPT Using command prompt.. as shown A username and password would be prompted HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 17 . it Is possible to telnet into The maintenance interface.
. cmd and a Space must be included before the command HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Once access to the maintenance interface is permitted The 3 important commands can be executed. Huawei Confidential Page 18 . LTD.
Chapter 1 NETWORK ACCESS Chapter 2 TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 19 .
CINR and current FEC code.TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS The main factors that cause network entry failure. from this the problem can be determined. the first thing to do is to execute the 3 commands from the maintenance interface to check parameters like RSSI. Huawei Confidential Page 20 . locate the position of the user on the map. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Next. LTD. are •Interference •Poor Coverage •Rejection by AAA When getting to the customers premise..
and the transmission rate.If co-channel interference exists. LTD. the CPE would not be able to synchronize With the down link transmission of the BS If the distance of the CPE is large or obstructions exist between the CPE and the BS. the signal received by the CPE would be Weak (RSSI).. Huawei Confidential Page 21 . When CINR is below 10db. So also the AMC. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the CINR is affected. hence the CPE would not be able to receive parameters used for UL ACQUISITION and RANGING.
LTD.. Huawei Confidential Page 22 . we can determine if co-channel interference exists HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.How can interference be detected CPE The CPE has been located On the map as shown Using the simple formula /RSSI/ + /CINR/ > 90.
Firstly the cause of the co-channel interference has to be determined. LTD. this can be done by blocking adjacent sector carriers that are using the same frequency channel one by one until the source of Interference is determined. Adjacent sector carriers on The same frequency channel This is done using MML COMMAND on M2000 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 23 .
. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 24 .In this case there two possible solutions •Change the azimuth or tilt on the interfering BS •Change the azimuth of the CPE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.
LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 25 . resulting in network entry Failure..Poor Coverage >2km Here the received signal (RSSI) would Be weak. The solution would be to Change the location of the CPE to a place Were stronger signals can be received HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.
. Huawei Confidential Page 26 . This could be as a result of forgotten passwords or Account expiration The authentication failure flow is shown HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Rejection by AAA Rejection of the user by AAA also causes network entry failure. LTD.
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