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Mastering the Exam

Feeding back and moving forward

What went well



Most people did well with the first question You were able to communicate the different reasons and facts Your commitment to doing well was noticeable

What wasnt so good



You almost all ran out of time You didnt understand context (my fault) You didnt remember the tips for success

You forgot some of the basic information

Question 1

Explain the reasons why Edward I was chosen to adjudicate the Great Cause

Key tips Problems: This requires a list of the reasons What do adjudicate and Great Cause mean? How many reasons do we include? Writing too much! You get one mark for each one that you explain

Remember that you can get extra marks if you DEVELOP your points with extra information

Have a go

Explain the reasons why Edward I was chosen to adjudicate the Great Cause
Family Connections You will now have ten minutes to write an answer to the question You can use the list of factors in the box opposite Edwards Power Edwards Legal Expertise Anglo-Scottish nobles Overlordship Necessity He was asked

There were several different reasons why Edward I of

What did you come up with?

England was chosen to adjudicate the Great Cause. The first was necessity, Scotland had not had a king for over five years and they needed to have on soon, particularly as there was a danger of Civil War with the Bruces and the Balliols at each other. Added into this, was the fact that he was asked to come to Scotland by key people such as Bishop Fraser of St. Andrews, who feared the Civil War. Another reason was his expertise. He had judged well in a case in Sicily over a disputed succession and this would have made him seem an obvious choice. Finally, most of the Scottish nobles had important lands in England and they were used to working with Edward and they trusted him which made him seem the perfect This took me choice. 2:40 minutes to
write

There were several different reasons why Edward I of England was chosen to adjudicate the Great Cause. The first was necessity, Scotland had not had a king for over five years and they needed to have on soon, (1 Mark for this point)particularly as there was a danger of Civil War with the Bruces and the Balliols at each other (1 Extra Mark for developing the point). Added into this, was the fact that he was asked to come to Scotland by key people such as Bishop Fraser of St. Andrews, who feared the Civil War. (1 Mark for this point) Another reason was his expertise. He had judged well in a case in Sicily over a disputed succession and this would have made him seem an obvious choice. (1 Mark for this point) Finally, most of the Scottish nobles had important lands in England and they were used to working with Edward and they trusted him which made him seem the perfect choice. (1 Mark for this point)

Question 2

Describe the events leading up to the Award of Berwick

Problems: Context - using information that isnt relevant Not knowing what the Award of Berwick was Writing too much!

Key tips This requires a list of the key facts You get one mark for each one that you give Remember that you can get extra marks if you DEVELOP your points with extra information It is only 5 Marks so you dont need every single event in the period in your answer!

Have a go
Alexander III died leaving a young heir who also died Scotland needed a king and needed someone to help choose

You will now have ten minutes to write an answer to the question You can use the list of key events in the box opposite

Edward I came to make the decision


Three main contenders Each presented their case Edward decided based upon the idea of primogeniture

In 1292, King Edward I of England made the award of Berwick. He decided that John Balliol would be the next King of Scotland. He had to do this because of some key events. Firstly, in 1286, Alexander III died leaving the young Maid of Norway as heir but she also died in 1290. There was no clear next king and there were three main claimants; John Balliol, Robert Bruce and John Hastings. So the Scots decided that they would ask king Edward of England to come and help. Edward came to Norham near the Scottish border and listened to their cases. Bruce used Imperial Law to argue that as the grandson of David of Huntingdon, he had closer proximity than Balliol who was a great-grandson. Balliol said that primogeniture gave him the crown as he came from Davids eldest daughter. Edward, and a jury of 104 others deliberated and eventually made the decision that Balliol would be the next king.
This took me 3:25 minutes to write

In 1292, King Edward I of England made the award of Berwick. He


decided that John Balliol would be the next King of Scotland. He had to do this because of some key events. Firstly, in 1286, Alexander III died leaving the young Maid of Norway as heir but she also died in 1290. (1 Mark for this point) There was no clear next king and there were three main claimants; John Balliol, Robert Bruce and John Hastings. So the Scots decided that they would ask king Edward of England to come and help. (1 Mark for this point) Edward came to Norham near the Scottish border and listened to their cases. (1 Mark for this point) Bruce used Imperial Law to argue that as the grandson of David of Huntingdon, he had closer proximity than Balliol who was a great-grandson. Balliol said that primogeniture gave him the crown as he came from Davids eldest daughter. (1 Extra Mark for developing the point) Edward, and a jury of 104 others deliberated and eventually made the decision that Balliol would be the next king. (1 Mark for this point)