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Academic Writing Workshop (1)

In-text citations List of references

Institute of English, University of Silesia March 31st, 2009

Plans for AWW meetings


In-text citation, list of references Main text editing, quotations Organisation and planning Peer reviewers comments

Citation formats (selection)


Traditional footnoting style (e.g. MLA footnoting style) APA style (American Psychological Association) ASA style (American Sociological Association) MLA style (Modern Language Association) Harvard style

Traditional footnoting style


Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge.1
1

Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

Bibliography:

Traditional footnoting style


Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge.1
1

Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

Bibliography:

APA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5)

References:
Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

APA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5)

References:
Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

ASA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5)

References:
Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

ASA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5)

References:
Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

MLA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 5).

Works cited:
Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

MLA style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 5).

Works cited:
Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

Harvard style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5).

References:
Hyland, K., 2000. Disciplinary discourses: social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

Harvard style
Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5).

References:
Hyland, K., 2000. Disciplinary discourses: social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

Helpful sources
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ http:/libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm http://www.calstatela.edu/library/ http://www.ikila.us.edu.pl/ http://lib.trinity.edu/research/citing/asa%20style%20ci tations.pdf Turabian, Kate L. 1996. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations. 6th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Wolaski, Adam. 2008. Edycja tekstw. Praktyczny poradnik. Warszawa: PWN.

ASA style

(APA formats for articles also included. Please note that if you favour APA or any other style for your reference list, capitalisation of titles and the use of paretheses and quotation marks must follow consistently this style throughout your references)

Traditional footnoting style

Book by a single author


Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5). As Hyland (2000: 5) observes in his recent monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. References: Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education. Footnote: 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5. 5 Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses, p. 31. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

Books by a single author


Main text:
To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5). As Hyland (2000: 5) observes in his recent monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. References: Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education. Footnote: 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5. 5 Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses, p. 31. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

Book by two or more authors


Main text:
(Hatim and Munday 2004:8) (Flttum, Dahl, and Kinn 2006:19)
(Flttum et al. 2006:36)

References:
Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. 2004. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge. Flttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. 2006. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Footnote:
1
5

Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation: An Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004), p. 8. Kjersti Flttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn, Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006), p. 19. Flttum et al., Academic Voices, p.36.

Bibliography:
Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge, 2004. Flttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006.

Book by two or more authors


Main text:
(Hatim and Munday 2004:8) (Flttum, Dahl, and Kinn 2006:19)
(Flttum et al. 2006:36)

References:
Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. 2004. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge. Flttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. 2006. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Footnote:
1
5

Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation: An Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004), p. 8. Kjersti Flttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn, Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006), p. 19. Flttum et al., Academic Voices, p.36.

Bibliography:
Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge, 2004. Flttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006.

Book which is edited


Main text:
(Smith 1987)

References: Smith, Larry E., ed. 1987. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in
World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall.

Footnote:
1

Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes (New York: Prentice Hall, 1987).

Bibliography:
Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987.

Book which is edited


Main text:
(Smith 1987)

References: Smith, Larry E., ed. 1987. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in
World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall.

Footnote:
1

Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes (New York: Prentice Hall, 1987).

Bibliography:
Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987.

Book with more than one editor


Main text:
(Bybee and Fleischman 1995) (Arabski, Gabry-Barker, and yda 2007) (Arabski et al. 2007)

References:
Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. 1995. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para.

Footnote:
1 2

Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds., Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995). Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers

Bibliography:
Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995.

Book with more than one editor


Main text:
(Bybee and Fleischman 1995) (Arabski, Gabry-Barker, and yda 2007) (Arabski et al. 2007)

References:
Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. 1995. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para.

Footnote:
1 2

Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds., Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995). Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers

Bibliography:
Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995.

Book with no author


Main text:
(Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966)

References:
Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. 1966. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Footnote:
1

Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966). Rogets Thesaurus

Bibliography:
Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966.

Book with no author


Main text:
(Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966)

References:
Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. 1966. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Footnote:
1

Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966). Rogets Thesaurus

Bibliography:
Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966.

Main text:

Volume in a multivolume work


(Arabski et al. 2007)

(Arabski, Gabry-Barker, and yda 2007)

References:
Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para.

Footnote:
2

Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers

Bibliography:
Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para, 2007.

Main text:

Volume in a multivolume work


(Arabski et al. 2007)

(Arabski, Gabry-Barker, and yda 2007)

References:
Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para.

Footnote:
2

Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers

Bibliography:
Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabry-Barker, and Andrzej yda, eds. PASE Papers 2007. Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para, 2007.

Main text:
(Eliade 1994:60-61)

Translated book

References:
Eliade, Mircea. 1994. Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa. Translated by Stanisaw Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX.

Footnote:
Mircea Eliade, Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa, trans. Stanisaw Tokarski (Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994), pp. 60-61. 2 Eliade, Historia wierze, pp. 30-32.
1

Bibliography:
Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa. Translated by Stanisaw Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

Main text:
(Eliade 1994:60-61)

Translated book

References:
Eliade, Mircea. 1994. Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa. Translated by Stanisaw Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX.

Footnote:
Mircea Eliade, Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa, trans. Stanisaw Tokarski (Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994), pp. 60-61. 2 Eliade, Historia wierze, pp. 30-32.
1

Bibliography:
Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierze i idei religijnych Histoire des croyances et des ides religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do pocztkw chrzecijastwa. Translated by Stanisaw Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

Book in a foreign language


Main text:
(Zako-Zieliska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot 2008:47) (Zako-Zieliska et al. 2008:67)

References:
Zako-Zieliska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. 2008. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN.

Footnote:
1 Monika Zako-Zieliska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts) (Warszawa: PWN, 2008), p. 47. 5 Zako-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania, p. 67.

Bibliography:
Zako-Zieliska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN, 2008.

Book in a foreign language


Main text:
(Zako-Zieliska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot 2008:47) (Zako-Zieliska et al. 2008:67)

References:
Zako-Zieliska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. 2008. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN.

Footnote:
1 Monika Zako-Zieliska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts) (Warszawa: PWN, 2008), p. 47. 5 Zako-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania, p. 67.

Bibliography:
Zako-Zieliska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach uytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN, 2008.

Book in a series
Main text:
(Johns 1997:7)

References:
Johns, Ann. 1997. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP.

Footnote:
1

Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied Linguistics (Cambridge: CUP, 1994), p. 7.

Bibliography:
Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

Book in a series
Main text:
(Johns 1997:7)

References:
Johns, Ann. 1997. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP.

Footnote:
1

Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied Linguistics (Cambridge: CUP, 1994), p. 7.

Bibliography:
Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

Subsequent editions
Main text:
(Jordan 1999:8)

References:
Jordan, Robert R. 1999. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman.

Footnote:
1

Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English, 3rd ed. (Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999), p. 8.

Bibliography:
Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999.

Subsequent editions
Main text:
(Jordan 1999:8)

References:
Jordan, Robert R. 1999. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman.

Footnote:
1

Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English, 3rd ed. (Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999), p. 8.

Bibliography:
Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999.

Article, or chapter, in an edited book


Main text:
(Swales 1996:47)

References:
Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. Pp. 45-58 in Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (ASA) Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In E. Ventola & A. Mauranen (Eds.), Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues (pp. 45-58). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (APA) Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds., Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues, 45-58. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (POPULAR)

Article, or chapter, in an edited book


Main text:
(Swales 1996:47)

References:
Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. Pp. 45-58 in Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (ASA) Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In E. Ventola & A. Mauranen (Eds.), Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues (pp. 45-58). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (APA) Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds., Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues, 45-58. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (POPULAR)

Footnote:
1

John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter, in: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996), p. 47.

Bibliography:
Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996, pp. 45-58

Footnote:
1

John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter, in: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996), p. 47.

Bibliography:
Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996, pp. 45-58.

Article in a journal
Main text:
(Biber 2006:102) (Narrog 2005:680)

References:
Biber, Douglas. 2006. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5: 97-116. (ASA) Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): 677-731. (ASA) Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, 16(4), 677-731. (APA) Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): 677-731. (POPULAR)

Article in a journal
Main text:
(Biber 2006:102) (Narrog 2005:680)

References:
Biber, Douglas. 2006. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5: 97-116. (ASA) Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): 677-731. (ASA) Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, 16(4), 677-731. (APA) Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): 677-731. (POPULAR)

Footnote:
1 2

Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written university registers, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p. 102. Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective, Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p. 680.

Bibliography:
Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp. 97-116. Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005, 677-731.

Footnote:
1 2

Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written university registers, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p. 102. Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective, Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p. 680.

Bibliography:
Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp. 97-116. Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005, 677-731.

Reprint
Main text:
(Mukaowsk 1970)

References:
Mukaowsk, Jan. 1970. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. Pp. 40-56 in Linguistics and literary style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (ASA) Mukaowsk, J. (1970). Standard language and poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C. Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style (pp. 4056). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (APA) Mukaowsk, Jan. 1970. Standard language and poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary style, 40-56. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (POPULAR)

Reprint
Main text:
(Mukaowsk 1970)

References:
Mukaowsk, Jan. 1970. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. Pp. 40-56 in Linguistics and literary style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (ASA) Mukaowsk, J. (1970). Standard language and poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C. Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style (pp. 4056). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (APA) Mukaowsk, Jan. 1970. Standard language and poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary style, 40-56. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. (POPULAR)

Footnote:
1

Jan Mukaowsk, "Standard language and poetic language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964; reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp. 40-56 (page citations are to the reprint edition). .

Bibliography:
Mukaowsk, Jan. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. In: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. Reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, pp. 40-56.

Footnote:
1

Jan Mukaowsk, "Standard language and poetic language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964; reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp. 40-56 (page citations are to the reprint edition). .

Bibliography:
Mukaowsk, Jan. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. In: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964. Reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, pp. 40-56.

Secondary quotations
Main text:
Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith 2003:102)
(adapted from APA, see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/08/)

References:
Smith, John. 2003. Text and Discourse Revisited. London: Routledge.

Footnote:
1

As cited in John Smith, Text and Discourse Revisited (London: Routledge, 2003), p. 102.

Bibliography:
Smith, John. Text and Discourse Revisited. London: Routledge, 2003.

Electronic sources (book):


Main text:
(Welch 1999)

References:
Welch, Kathleen E. 1999. Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy. Cambridge: MIT Press. Retrieved October 21, 2004 (http://www.netlibrary.com). (ASA)

Footnote:
1

Kathleen Welch, Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999), http://www.netlibrary.com (21 Oct. 2004).

Bibliography:
Welch, Kathleen. Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999. http://www.netlibrary.com (21 Oct. 2004). The examples above come from: http://lib.trinity.edu/research/citing/asa%20style%20citations.pdf

Main text:
(Jobe 2000)

Electronic sources (article in a journal, on-line):

References:
Jobe, Karen D. 2000. "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon." Kairos 5(2). Retrieved March 23, 2005 (http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.html? coverbweb/ jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm). (ASA)

Footnote:
1 Karen Jobe, "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon," Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2, http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.html?coverbweb/ jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm (23 March 2005).

Bibliography:
Jobe, Karen. "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon." Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2. http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.html?coverbweb/ jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm (23 March 2005).
The examples above come from: http://lib.trinity.edu/research/citing/asa%20style%20citations.pdf

Electronic sources (article in a journal, full-text database):


Main text:
(Ferrell 1990)

References:
Ferrell, Robert H. 1990. "Truman's place in history." Reviews in American History 18 (1): 1-9. (Retrieved from JSTOR on February 3, 2005.)

Footnote:
1

Robert H. Ferrell, "Truman's place in history," Reviews in American History, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1990), pp. 1-9, retrieved from JSTOR (February 3, 2005).

Bibliography:
Ferrell, Robert H. "Truman's place in history." Reviews in American History, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1990, pp. 1-9. Retrieved from JSTOR (February 3, 2005). The examples above come from: http://lib.trinity.edu/research/citing/asa%20style%20citations.pdf

Review
Main text:
(Crosby 2008)

References:
Crosby, Cate. 2008. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes 27: 363-367.

Footnote:
1

Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 363-367.

Bibliography:
Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp. 363-367.

Review
Main text:
(Crosby 2008)

References:
Crosby, Cate. 2008. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes 27: 363-367.

Footnote:
1

Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 363-367.

Bibliography:
Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp. 363-367.

Preface
Main text:
(Russell 1984)

References:
Russell, Bertrand. 1984. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook. (ASA) Russell, B. (1984). Introduction. In S. Themerson, Professor Mmaas Lecture (pp.1-2). Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook. (APA)

Footnote:
1

Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984).

Bibliography:
Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

Preface
Main text:
(Russell 1984)

References:
Russell, Bertrand. 1984. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook.

Footnote:
1

Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984).

Bibliography:
Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

Thank you!