Key Terms

Match the terms with the definition
(A) is used to categorize a group of people. (B) unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice (C) Inappropriate treatment based on race

1. Sexism
2. Racism

3. Classism
4. Discrimination 5. Stereotype

(D) prejudice and/or discrimination on the basis of socioeconomic class
(E) discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of

Stereotypes
• Note: Most stereotypes are lived out (sometimes involuntarily) by a small segment of who they are made to offend. Here are a few examples of stereotypes.
1. That all Jews are greedy. 2. That all blacks are lazy, on welfare, and don't believe in marriage before child barring. 3. That all Asians are good at math. 4. That all Arabs are angry people that like to blow stuff up. 5. All blacks crave chicken and watermelon. 6. All blacks are hostile and will quickly bust a cap. 7. That all Mexicans like to drive around 15-17 deep in a small ass car. 8. That all white people are racist. 9. That all Asians like to eat rice and drive slow. 10.That all Irish people are drunks and eat potatoes.

Historical Stereotypes • When reviewing this lesson imagine that you are from (or live) some place other than the United States… • View this as if you were an outsider looking in… .

never taking anything lying down. making everything into a fight.Sapphire Stereotypes •Sapphire. hard and undesirable woman who drives men away Who are some characters in the media that fit this profile? • “Angry Black Woman” What are some other characteristics of this person? . and angry • She is an overbearing. negative attitudes. had her hands on her hips while she is speaking loudly – putting down her man. named after a character in “Amos „n‟ Andy”. • Portrays black women as hard to get along with.

• Where white women are said to be standing up for themselves. black women are seen as wanting a fight. Which may give some black women a hard edge. • Many black men tend to believe this stereotype as well • Many black women feel they have to be strong. robbing their men of their sense of manhood. • For example. black women are said to be “emasculating”.Sapphire continued… •A study in 1993 of white American university students showed that nearly all of them saw black women as Sapphires to some degree. Is there an element of truth to this stereotype? . where white women are said to be “independent”. • The same actions are read differently.

They http://www.Sapphire continued… • Makes it hard for black women to become leaders. – Think if Hillary Clinton and Michelle Obama were both running for president. Black women are single http://www.com/ might not be judged the same watch?v=gui5b8_GPw4 way.youtube.youtube. How was this character • Makes it harder for black women portrayed in the movie to get married (70% are single) precious? – What man would knowingly marry a woman like this? – Reason given from some black men as to why they will not date a black woman.com/ watch?v=HvQel-sIKwM .

3 Minute Reflection Q/A Sapphire • Describe the sapphire stereotype? • Was this character created out of necessity? • What are some positives about this stereotype? .

It was supposed to make you laugh. • Slave-masters forced black Jezebel Stereotype (1630s- slave women to sleep with them and they were not punished but black women's image was. • White women believed this stereotype.•Was used during slavery times as a rationalization for sexual relations between white men and black women. why? • Before the 1960s the stereotype was so strong that not a single white man in the South was ever thrown in prison for raping a black woman. . • Before the 1960s the stereotype was so sick that some white people made pictures of little black girls who talked or acted like they wanted sex.

. But the whites of the time drew a different conclusion: that black women were loose and wanted sex even more than men did. • So did they? Was there any truth to it? (NO!!) • Proved to be a useful misunderstanding/lie.Jezebel DIDN‟T START WITH SLAVE OWNERS!! • When white men first came to black Africa they saw half-naked women! That part of Africa did not yet have a Christian idea of modest dress. one that has since taken on a life of its own and will take a long time to root out.

immoral and oversexed • Found new life in Hollywood. in the 2000‟s with reality TV • Uses sex to use and manipulate men.Sometimes for money. Angela Bassett refused the part in “Monster‟s Ball” for just this reason. Sometimes it is to destroy them.Jezebel Stereotype • Black women are loose. . in the 90‟s w/ hip hop. starting in the 1970s with blaxpoitation films. • Hip hop videos and Halle Berry‟s Oscar-winning performance in “Monster‟s Ball” push this image of black women.

3 Minute Reflection Jezebel • How has the media enhanced and kept this stereotype current? • Is this stereotype hard to believe? • Unjustified? • Legitimate? .

Sales of slaves would often separate man and wife. This sort of black family has lasted down to the present day. black women were pictured as matriarchs more than anything else. black‟s couldn‟t by law be married. for 350 years.Matriarch Stereotype • Historical Context: back in slave days. . Thus the matriarch. So the matriarch lives on. This left many families with a woman at the head. • Media: In a 1994 study done on the television show “All My Children”. That makes it harder for these girls later in life to find and keep husbands. • Present day: partly because black girls do better in school than black boys.

It shifted the blame off of whites and onto black women.Matriarch Stereotype • She is a Mammy in her own home. to find out why black people are so poor. unable to bring up her children properly. • Like the Sapphire she is overbearing and cuts men down. • Like the welfare queen. But she is not as mean – nor as womanly – as the Sapphire. . she is the head of the household and poor. known as the Moynihan Report. namely the matriarch. • In 1965 the American government did a study.

taking the place of the Mammy • In the 1970s it gave rise to a new stereotype – the welfare queen. as acting and looking much like a man • From the 1960s to the 1990s the matriarch was one of the main stereotypes about black women.Matriarch Stereotype http://www.com/watch?v=OTy zqfb0lAs • The matriarch is a strong black woman who acts as both mother and father to her children • She is pictured as dark. By 1993 the Sapphire stereotype had become more common .youtube. fat and ugly.

. Most often it was a she – who was nearly all white but part of her was black. • The most famous were Peola in “Imitation of Life” (1934) and Dorothy Dandridge.Tragic Mulatto • A character in white American fiction from 1842 till at least 1959. • She would hide or deny her blackness through most of the story but in the end it would catch up with her and her life would end in tragedy. both on film and off.

You might fool the world for a while and even yourself. To be truly white you must be all white. it is hard for them to be at peace with themselves and the world? •Do you think in America if you have “a drop” of black than most Americans would see you as black? Make you choose? . but in the end your one drop of blackness will come out and be your downfall. • Some see biracial people (mulattoes) as having a divided soul: being neither truly black nor truly white. Trying to pass for white always ends in tragedy.Tragic Mulatto • The moral of the tragic mulatto is the One Drop Rule.

3 Minute Reflection Matriarch & Tragic Mulatto • Is there necessity in the Matriarch character? • Do you by into the Tragic Mulatto character? • Do bi-racial people have it tougher? Easier? • Do you know people that fit into each of the historical stereotypes reviewed? .

can not speak proper English – Name their children Ghetto Names (creative names) – Un educated – Angry black woman What are some negative stereotypes held about black women? How can black women beat the stereotype? Is there away to get rid of stereotypes? . & live in the projects or urban cities – Loud. out spoken.com/watch?v= What are some positive RF9BjB7Bzr0 stereotypes held about • Some are held & created by the black women? black community! Some are not! – Light skin is better – Curly hair is “good hair” – Every black girl/woman has a big_____________ – Every black boy/man is well endowed – Lazy.youtube.Present Day Stereotypes • http://www. on welfare.

Present Day • Are any of the stereotypes from the past still present today? • How do the stereotypes of the past manifest themselves in 2010? .

2. & Armistead) – Discussion Question Post & Response due • Feb 25 – 2 Guest Speakers on Women in Academia (prepare questions) • March 2 – Groups 4.Moving Forward • Feb 16TUE & Feb18THUR – We will be watching “Black in America” • Feb 23 – 3 readings for this date (Cutrona.5.&6 will be presenting • March 4 – Quiz 2 (based on group 1. Caldell.&3 presentation & articles) .

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