HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

Prepared by: Lovelyn Q. Ramirez Frances Margott C. Ramos BSN IV - 4

A dangerous good is any solid, liquid, or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment. An equivalent term, used almost exclusively in the United States, is hazardous material (HAZMAT). Dangerous goods may be radioactive, flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive, biohazardous, an oxidizer, an asphyxiant, a pathogen, an allergen, or may have other characteristics that render it hazardous in specific circumstances.

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including a device. which are any substance or article. based on the UNO Hazard Class and Division system. which is designed to function by explosion or which. by chemical reaction within itself is able to function in a similar manner even if not designed to function by explosio . indicates Explosives.HAZMAT CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES  HAZMAT Class 1.

1 EXPLOSIVE PLACARD ON THE FRONT.Class 1 hazard sign (the orange lozenge) on a military ammunition load. . DISPLAYING THE CLASS 1. US ARMY TRUCKS LADEN WITH AMMUNITION.

HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES A gas is a substance which  (a) at 50 °C (122 °F) has a vapour pressure greater than 300 kPa or  (b) is completely gaseous at 20 °C (68 °F) at a standart pressure of 101.3 kPa  .

pressurized cryogenic gas.6 psia) or greater at 20 °C (68 °F).3. Non-Toxic Gas  This division includes compressed gas.HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES DIVISION 2.1 or 2. A non-flammable. compressed gas in solution. nonpoisonous compressed gas (Division 2. liquefied gas.2) means any material (or mixture) which:  Exerts in the packaging an absolute pressure of 280 kPa (40. and  Does not meet the definition of Division 2.2 Non-Flammable. asphyxiant gas and oxidizing gas.  .

is presumed to be toxic to humans because when tested on laboratory animals it has an LC50 value of not more than 5000 ml/m³. C or D. . or In the absence of adequate data on human toxicity. B.3kPa (14.116(a) for assignment of Hazard Zones A. See 49CFR 173.7 psi)) and which: Is known to be so toxic to humans as to pose a hazard to health during transportation.HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES     Toxic Gas Gas poisonous by inhalation means a material which is a gas at 20 °C or less and a pressure of 101.3 kPa (a material which has a boiling point of 20 °C or less at 101.

the HAZMAT 1075 symbol can be seen in red as a warning of the danger posed by the gas.  Loading a container (with the Hazmat Class 2 symbol on the rear doors) aboard a ship. A propane tank car after a fire. .

 .HAZMAT CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS  A flammable liquid is a liquid with flash point of not more than 60.5°C (141°F).8°C (100°F). or any material in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 37. Flash Point: The flash point is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.

1: FLAMMABLE SOLID Flammable solids are any materials in the solid phase of matter that can readily undergo combustion in the presence of a source of ignition under standard circumstances.  . without:  Artificially changing variables such as pressure or density. or  Adding accelerants.HAZMAT CLASS 4 DIVISION 4.e. i.

2: SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE Spontaneously combustible material is:  Pyrophoric Material: A pyrophoric material is a liquid or solid that. when in contact with air and without an energy supply.  Self-Heating Material: A self-heating material is a material that.DIVISION 4.  . is liable to self-heat. even in small quantities and without an external ignition source. can ignite within five (5) minutes after coming in contact with air when tested according to the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.

. when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.DIVISION 4. is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 liter per kilogram of the material. per hour.3: DANGEROUS WHEN WET  Dangerous when wet material is material that. by contact with water.

cause or enhance the combustion of other materials.1 material if. . when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. A solid material is classed as a Division 5. generally by yielding oxygen.DIVISION 5. A liquid material is classed as a Division 5. it spontaneously ignites or its mean time for a pressure rise from 690 kPa to 2070 kPa gauge is less than the time of a 1:1 nitric acid (65 percent)/cellulose mixture. when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.1 material if. its mean burning time is less than or equal to the burning time of a 3:7 potassium bromate/cellulose mixture.1: OXIDIZERS    An oxidizer is a material that may.

where one or more of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic radicals.2 material .DIVISION 5. The material is forbidden from being offered for transportation according to 49CFR 172.2: ORGANIC PEROXIDES     An organic peroxide is any organic compound containing oxygen (O) in the bivalent -O-O. unless any of the following paragraphs applies: The material meets the definition of an explosive as prescribed in subpart C of this part.structure and which may be considered a derivative of hydrogen peroxide. The Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety has determined that the material does not present a hazard which is associated with a Division 5.101 of this subchapter or 49CFR 173.21. in which case it must be classed as an explosive.

. which causes extreme irritation. with properties similar to tear gas.DIVISION 6.1 INHALATION HAZARD       Poisonous material is a material. or which. other than a gas. Dermal Toxicity. especially in confined spaces. or Is an irritating material. in the absence of adequate data on human toxicity: Is presumed to be toxic to humans because it falls within any one of the following categories when tested on laboratory animals (whenever possible. which is known to be so toxic to humans as to afford a hazard to health during transportation. or a material with a saturated vapor concentration in air at 20 °C (68 °F) of more than one-fifth of the LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of vapors and with an LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of vapors of not more than 5000 ml/m³. Inhalation Toxicity: A dust or mist with an LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of not more than 10 mg/L. animal test data that has been reported in the chemical literature should be used): Oral Toxicity: A liquid with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity of not more than 500 mg/kg or a solid with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity of not more than 200 mg/kg. A material with an LD50 for acute dermal toxicity of not more than 1000 mg/kg.

The term and its associated symbol is generally used as a warning. This can include medical waste or samples of a microorganism. primarily that of humans. an environmental-health engineer working for theDow Chemical Company on the containment products. so that those potentially exposed to the substances will know to take precautions.2: BIOHAZARDS   Biological hazards. It can also include substances harmful to animals. refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms. The biohazard symbol was developed in 1966 by Charles Baldwin.DIVISION 6. . also known as biohazards. virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can affect human health (a biological contamination).

The international symbol for biological hazard. .

 Radioactive substances are materials that emit radiation.  Radioactive placard on containers aboard a US Navy ship. HAZMAT CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES .

. A liquid that has a severecorrosion rate on steel or aluminum based on the criteria in 49CFR 173.HAZMAT CLASS 8 CORROSIVE SUBSTANCES  A corrosive material is a liquid or solid that causes full thickness destruction of human skin at the site of contact within a specified period of time.137(c)(2) is also a corrosive material.

A liquid that has a severecorrosion rate on steel or aluminum based on the criteria in 49CFR 173.137(c)(2) is also a corrosive material. A corrosive material is a liquid or solid that causes full thickness destruction of human skin at the site of contact within a specified period of time. .

HAZMAT CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS  The miscellaneous hazardous materials category encompasses all hazardous materials that do not fit one of the definitions listed in Class 1 through Class 8. .

   The miscellaneous hazardous material is a material that presents a hazard during transportation but which does not meet the definition of any other hazard class. or a marine pollutant. noxious or other similar property which could cause extreme annoyance or discomfort to a flight crew member so as to prevent the correct performance of assigned duties. . or Any material that meets the definition in 49 CFR 171. a hazardous substance.8 for an elevated temperature material. This class includes: Any material which has an anesthetic. a hazardous waste.

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