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The youngest freedom fighter in the Indian freedom fighter in the history of India.

BHAGAT SINGH

Topics to be discussed
Birth Revolution started BHAGATS ORGANIZATIONS ARRIVAL OF SIMON COMMISSION DEATH OF LALA LAJPAT RAI MURDER OF JOHN P. SAUNDERS BOMB THROWN IN PALIAMENT OF BRITISH SINGH WENT TO JAIL HUNGER STRIKE

LAHORE CONSPIRACY CASE


DEATH OF BHAGAT SINGH PRESENT GLORY OF THE THREE REVOLUTIONRIES

BIRTH
Bhagat singh was born 28 september, 1907, Jaranwala tehsil, Punjab. HE IS

OFTEN REFFERED AS SHAHEED BHAGAT SINGH.HE WAS A SANDHU JAT AND OF ATHEIST RELIGION.HE WAS THE PERSON TO GAVE THE SLOGAN INQUILAB ZINDABAD.

REVOLUTION STARTED
BHAGAT SINGH FOUNDED THE ORGANIZATION HINDUSTAN SOCIALIST

REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATIAON WITH THE COMRADES LIKE CHANDRASHEKHAR AAZAD, BATUKESHWAR DUTT, SUKHDEV THAPAR, SHIVRAM RAJGURU, JATINDRA NATH DAS.

BHAGATS ORGANIZATIONS
Naujawan Bharat Sabha,

Kirti Kisan Party, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

ARRIVAL OF SIMON COMMISSION


In 1928, the British government set up the Commission,

headed by Sir John Simon, to report on the political situation in India. The Indian political parties boycotted the Commission, because it did not include a single Indian in its membership, and it met with country-wide protests.

DEATH OF LALA LAJPAT RAI


When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led

a non-violent protest against the Commission in a silent march, but the police responded with violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai

MURDER OF JOHN P. SAUNDERS


THE MURDER OF LALA LAJPAT RAI FORMED A REVENGE

TAKING SITUATION IN THE HINDUSTAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION. However, when the matter was raised in the British Parliament, the British Government denied any role in Rai's death.[17] Although Singh did not witness the event,[14]he vowed to take revenge,[17] and joined other revolutionaries, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad, in a plot to kill Scott.[10] However, in a case of mistaken identity, Singh received a signal to shoot on the appearance of John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police. He was shot by Rajguru and Singh while leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore at about 4:15 pm on 17 December 1928.

BOMB THROWN IN THE PARLIAMENT OF BRITISH


To subdue the rise of revolutionaries like Bhagat

Singh in the country, the British government decided to implement the Defence of India Act 1915, which gave the police a free hand.[Singh proposed to the HSRA his plan to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly, which was agreed to. Initially it was decided that Batukeshwar Dutt and Sukhdev would plant the bomb while Bhagat Singh would travel to the USSR. However later the plan was changed. He entrusted Dutt to plant the bomb.[26] On 8 April 1929, Singh and Dutt threw two bombs inside the assembly rushing from Visitor's Gallery. The smoke from the bomb filled the Hall and they shouted slogans of "Inquilab Zindabad!" (in Hindustaniwhich means "Long Live the Revolution!") SINGH AND BATUKESHWAR DUTT WERE CHARDED IN THIS CASE.2

BHAGAT SINGH AND BATUKESHWAR DUTT WENT TO JAIL


Singh and Dutt were charged with

attempt to murder, and the trial began on 7 May 1929.[30] Doubts have been raised about the accuracy of testimony offered at the trial. One key discrepancy related to the automatic pistol that Singh had been carrying prior to his arrest. One witness, Sobha Singh, told the court that Singh had been firing the pistol two or three times before it jammed, and some policemen stated that Singh was pointing the gun when they arrived.

HUNGER STRIKE

38]

Singh was sent to the Mianwali jail from the Delhi jail,[31] where he witnessed discrimination between European and Indian prisoners, and led other prisoners in a hunger strike to protest this illegal discrimination.They demanded equality in standards of food, clothing, toiletries and other hygienic necessities, as well as availability of books and a daily newspaper for the political prisoners,[39] who they demanded should not be forced to do manual labour or any undignified work in the jail,[40] as detailed in their letter to the Home Member on 24 June 1929.[4 Since the activities of the hunger strikers had gained popularity and attention amongst the people nationwide, the government decided to advance the start of the Saunders murder trial, which was henceforth called the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Singh was transported to Borstal Jail, Lahore,[48] and the trial of this case began there on 10 July 1929. In addition to charging them for the murder of Saunders, Singh and 27 other prisoners were charged with plotting a conspiracy to murder Scott and waging a war against the King.[30] Singh, still on hunger strike, had to be carried to the court handcuffed on a stretcher: he had lost 14 pounds (6.4 kg) weight from 133 pounds (60 kg) before the strike.[THE REVOLUTIONRIES STRIKED FOR 63 DAYS8] 1]

LAHORE CONSPIRACY CASE


Singh was re-arrested for murdering

Saunders and Chanan Singh based on substantial evidence against him, including the statements of his associates, Hans Raj Vohra and Jai Gopal.[30] His life sentence in the Assembly Bomb case was deferred till the Saunders' case was decided.[38] Singh was sent to the Mianwali jail from the Delhi jail,[31] where he witnessed discrimination between European and Indian prisoners, and led other prisoners in a hunger strike to protest this illegal discrimination.[39]

DEATH OF BHAGAT SINGH


AFTER ALL THE CASES APPLIED BY THE BRITISH

GOVERNMENT ON BHAGAT SINGH,HE WITH HIS TWO COMRADES NAMING SUKHDEV THPAR, SHIVRAM RAJGURU WERE PUNISHED HANGING TILL DEATH ON 23 MARCH ,1931 AT LAHORE , PUNJAB.

SOME IMAGES OF BHAGAT SINGH

IMAGE OF BHAGAT SINGH AT JAIL

Original photograph of bhagat singh

PRESENT GLORY OF THE THREE REVOLUTIONARIES

Statues of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru The National Martyrs Memorial, and Sukhdev at the India built at Hussainiwala in memory of Pakistan Border, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru near Hussainiwala