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Job Analysis, Job Design

. Job: A job is a group of positions that are similar as to the kind and level of work. Position: A Position is a group of similar tasks and responsibilities assigned to one individual.Job Terminology     Task: A Task is an action or related group of action designed to produce a definite outcome or result. Occupation: An occupation is a group of jobs that are similar as to the kind of work and are found throughout an industry or the entire country.

skills and abilities a person needs to perform the job adequately  Components  Job content  Job requirements  Job context 11/09/08 ft/mba/suva 3 .Job Analysis A systematic investigation of the tasks. duties and responsibilities of a job and the necessary knowledge.

Job Analysis  Approaches  A job orientated or task approach  An employee orientated (or behaviour) approach  When to do  When the organisation commences  When a new job is created  When a job is changed significantly 11/09/08 ft/mba/suva 4 .

Interview 2. Organisational Charts 2. Observation 4.Class of Jobs 3.Critical incident .Direct 3.Process Of Job Analysis Collection of Background Information 1. Questionnaire 6. Existing job Description Selection of Representative jobs Collection of Job Analysis Information Job Description Job Specification Employee Specification Techniques of Collection Of Job Data 1.Past Information 5.

how it will be performed. abilities. knowledge. 11/09/08 ft/mba/suva 6 . where it is to be performed and who will perform it. what activities are performed. the conditions under which they are accomplished and the performance standards  Job specification  Formal qualifications. skills and personal characteristics needed  Job design  Identifies what must be performed.The uses of Job Analysis  Job description  Explains the purpose of a job.

Job Descriptions Job identification  Job objective  Duties and responsibilities  Relationships  Knowledge  Problem solving  Authority  Accountability  Special circumstances  Performance standards  Trade union membership  Other requirements  11/09/08 ft/mba/suva 7 .

Job Specification  • • • • • A statement of human qualifications necessary to do the job. Education Experience Training Judgment Initiative .

. hearing. smell.Job Specification • • • • • • Physical Effort Physical Skills Responsibilities Communication Skills Emotional Characteristics Unusual sensory demands such as sight.

Process of Job Analysis Strategic Choices Gather Information Process Information Job Description Job Specification Uses of Job Description and Job Specification •Personnel Planning •Performance Appraisal •Hiring •Training and Development •Job Evaluation and Compensation •Health and Safety •Employee Discipline •Work Scheduling •Career Planning .

Methods of Collecting Job Data Observation Interviews Questionnaire Job Data Checklist Dairy Technical Conference .

De-jobbing De-jobbing: Jobs are becoming more amorphous and difficult to define.  .