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Land Reform All sets of activities and measures that may or should be taken to improve or correct the defects or problems in the relations among men with respect to their rights to the land they till

Problems Regarding the Ownership and Use of Land In the Philippines

Encomienda System

Rise of Cacique Class
Awarding of Friar Lands

Tenancy System

and usage of land • A system which defines a person’s legal right and ownership over land.Land Tenure Structure • One or more systems regulating the rights to a man’s ownership. control. and the duties accompanying such right .

Different Ways for Effective Land Tenure Reform Measures Redistribution of Private Lands through Expropriation or Purchase Distribution of Lands in the Public Domain Regulation of Tenancy Regulation of Agricultural Labor Contracts and Wages Control and/or Elimination of Absentee Landlordism .

Redistribution of Private Lands • Government decides to take private lands while compensating the original owner then redistributes the land to farmers Distribution of Lands in the Public Domain • Public lands which are poorly utilized are redistributed to farmers and are made productive .

Regulation of Tenancy • These are actions to protect tenants and regulate relationship between landowners and tenant farmers Regulation of Agricultural Labor Contracts and Wages • In this move. farmers are elevated to farm workers and laborers who are now given labor rights .

• In extreme instances. land ownership is transferred to the actual tillers .Control/Elimination of Absentee Landlordism • Absentee landlordism renders agriculture inefficient.

1972 .Tenant Emancipation Decree ( PD27 ) • A law emancipating the tenantfarmers from the bondage of the soil • This made tenant-farmers in all private agricultural lands primarily devoted to rice and corn • Signed by Pres. Marcos on October 21. Ferdinand E.

type.Production Structure • Activities relating to nature. and mode of operations to make land productive • The actual process of production or farm operation .

Activities to Make Land Productive Imposition of a Floor on Holdings Imposition of Ceiling On Holdings Organization of Crop Rotation System .

LAND TENURE vs PRODUCTION STRUCTURE PRODUCTION STRUCTURE Rights over Land Production and Use of Land Ownership Holding Operation Holding Refers to Right over Land Refers to Actual Management of Holding LAND TENURE .

Structure of Support Services These are designed to ensure the success of the farmer who has acquired a new tenure Components: Credit Marketing Processing and Storage Supply of Agricultural Requisites .

Agrarian Structure • A complex set of relationships within the agricultural sector Examples: Tenure Structure Production Structure Structure of Support Services .

social. and political relations .Reforms in the Agrarian Structure These seek to remedy not only the defect in the distribution and use of land but also especially the accompanying economic.

Agrarian Reform Measures Public Health Programs Family Planning Education and training of Farmers Reorganization of Land Reform Agencies Application of Labor Law Construction of Infrastructure Facilities Voluntary Associations Employment Opportunities .

Accompanying Measures to Agrarian Reform Credit Facilities Marketing Support Farm Technology Training Cooperatives .

Agriculture and National Economy • Agriculture forms the predominant industry in the Philippines • Large portion of population is employed in agriculture • Exports of agricultural products and derivatives is valuable in foreign exchange .

it has to be worked out Reforms are needed to remove barriers thus increasing productivity .Obstacles to Agricultural Productivity Agricultural productivity occurs not by chance.

Agrarian Reform • An instrument for increasing agricultural productivity • A multifaceted program .

• There are three kinds of landlord. • Tenancy system has created tenants who are strongly traditional and highly dependent on landlord.Assumptions about Filipino Tenant Farmers • Tenancy problems has its root in Pre-spanish and Spanish past. Combination . * Benevolent. Malevolent.

Increased net family income translates to order in increased educational farming villages opportunities was enhanced significantly. .Socio-Cultural Changes from Agrarian Reform 1. 2. Farmer’s initiative and active participation in leadership roles were promoted. A change from subsistent outlook to surplus production. A sound social 4. 3.

6657 .A.The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program R.

Coverage regardless of the arrangement of tenure and commodity produced • all public and private agriculture lands • including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture • All alienable and disposable lands of the public domain devoted to or suitable for agriculture. . • All land of the public domain in excess of the specific limits as determined by Congress in the preceding paragraph • All other lands owned by the government devoted to or suitable for agriculture • All private lands devoted to or suitable for agriculture regardless of the agricultural products raised or that can be raised thereon.

3 hectares may be awarded to the child of the land owner.” .Retention of Limits • “in no case shall retention by the land owner exceed 5 hectares. subject to the following qualifications : That he is at least 15 years of age. That he is actually tilling the land or directly managing the farm.

social. .Ancestral Land • Ancestral lands shall be protected to insure their economic. and cultural well being.

” . fishponds and prawn ponds. poultry and swine raising. and cacao. orchards.Commercial farming • “are private agricultural lands devoted to commercial livestock. and aquaculture including saltbeds . coffee and rubber plantations shall be subject to immediate compulsory acquisition and distribution after ten (10) years from the effectivity of this Act. fruit farms. vegetable and cut-flower farms.

30% cash.  Cash paymentLands above 50 hectares – 25% cash. physical assets or other qualified investments  Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) bonds . the balance to be paid in government financial instruments  Shares of stock in government-owned or controlled corporations  LBP preferred shares.Compensation (Determination of Just Compensation) • compensation shall be paid in one of the following modes. the balance to be paid in government financial instruments Lands above 24 hectares .

Land Redistribution .

Qualified Beneficiaries • landless residents of the same barangay. landless residents of the same municipality on the following order of priority • Agricultural lessees and share tenants • Regular farm workers • Seasonal farm workers • Actual tillers or occupants of public land . or in the absence thereof.

Distribution of Limits • No qualified beneficiaries may own more than 3 hectares of agricultural land .

AS AMENDED. EXTENDING THE ACQUISITION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ALL AGRICULTURAL LANDS.Republic Act No. 6657.August 7. 9700 . INSTITUTING NECESSARY REFORMS. 2009 • AN ACT STRENGTHENING THE COMPREHENSIVE AGRARIAN REFORM PROGRAM (CARP). OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE COMPREHENSIVE AGRARIAN REFORM LAW OF 1988. AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. AND APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR .

including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture: Provided. That landholdings of landowners with a total area of five (5) hectares and below shall not be covered for acquisition and distribution to qualified beneficiaries . regardless of tenurial arrangement and commodity produced. -The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 shall cover.Amendments made by RA 9700 • "SEC. 229. 4.Scope. 131 and Executive Order No. all public and private agricultural lands as provided in Proclamation No.