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Its a generic term for techniques, particularly method study and work measurement, which are used for the examination of human work in all its contexts, and which lead systematically to investigation of all the factors which affect the efficiency and economy of the situation being reviewed, in order to seek improvements.

METHOD STUDY
To simplify the job and develop more economical methods of doing it by removing the wastes

WORK STUDY

HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY

TIME STUDY
To determine how long it should take to carry out

Eternal Creation runs its own design and production workshop, the Himalaya Tailoring Centre, located in Dharamsala in the foothills of the Indian Himalayas. Dharamsala is the political and spiritual capital for Tibetan refugees, and home to the Dalai Lama. The workshop is on a riverbank, overlooking steeply terraced rice fields; from the garden, there are spectacular views of the western Himalayas. We employ over 70 staff, spanning Tibetan, Nepalese and Indian cultures, and encompassing Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim faiths. Rather than outsource to meet growing demand, we've concentrated on increasing the capacity of our workshop, providing more jobs for the local community and ensuring our high quality standards and ethical principles are maintained.


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Industry Name:- Himalayan Tailoring center Brand Name:- Eternal Creation Place:- Dharamshala(khanyara), H.P They mostly take online order for garment manufacturing.


In Cutting Room In Sewing Room Storage Department

CUTTING ROOM
•Present
•3

Condition

Cutting tables(Acc. To height of workers) •3 round knife(25 plies max) •Hand shears(10 plies max) •4-5 workers •Different size pieces have different tables. •13 min it takes to spread and cut a piece. •Shift Hours(9am-5pm) •Working hours- 420 mins (9am-11am) (11:10- 1pm) (1:50pm- 5pm)

Problems•Less table area is utilized. •Lighting conditions are improper. •Waste material storing problem. •Tools storing problem. •Workers go to 1st floor to drink water, wasting 2min of their working mins. • Sometimes workers need to do overtime till 11 pm.

CUTTING TABLE ENTRY SHELF

STORE

•Fabric is kept on table. •Shelf is used mainly for waste material(Space is not properly utilized). •Worker need to go store room every time to get fabric.

WASTE STORING ENTRY

CUTTING TABLE
SHELF

STORE

Proposed change Conditions
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Changes & effects
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1 round knife(25 plies max) Hand shears(10 plies max) 1 Straight knife (70 plies max) 4 clamps Different size pieces have different tables. 26 min it takes to spread and cut a piece. Shift Hours(9am-5pm) Working hours- 420 mins (9am-11am) (11:10- 1pm) (1:50pm- 5pm)

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More table area is utilized. Use of ceiling lamp for better lighting. Space for storing waste material. Drawers in tables to store tools. Water supply on ground floor to save workers time. No overtime. 4 people on cutting 1 on making bundles and transporting them to sewing room and making records. Table 1 can be used for block cutting. 3 can be used for full length marker laying. Material from store is placed on shelf and from there the worker gets the fabric.

Left hand activity Taking out fabric from store room Holding fabric

SYMBOL

SYMBOL

Right hand activity Taking out fabric from store room taking out production pattern from almirah

Taking fabric and production pattern to the table
Systematically putting fabric on the table

Taking fabric and production pattern to the table
Systematically putting production pattern on the table

Layering of fabric in table holding the fabric holding the fabric Picking production pattern for tracing it on fabric

Layering of fabric in table Picking hand shears for cutting rest of fabric Cutting extra fabric putting shears back on side of table

Placing production pattern on layered fabric Holding the fabric Holding the fabric Putting production pattern back on side of table idle

Placing production pattern on layered fabric Picking chalk for tracing Tracing production pattern on fabric putting chalk back on side of table Picking hand shears

Holding the fabric
Holding the fabric

Cutting the traced fabric
Putting back hand shears on side of table

Check, the required no. of pieces has been cut or not

Check, the required no. of pieces has been cut or not

putting extra fabric down the table Folding the cut piece Bundling the cut piece Storing it aside

putting extra fabric down the table Folding the cut piece Bundling the cut piece Storing it aside

CUTTING SECTION
Taking out fabric from the storeroom. Getting fabric on the table. Taking out patterns/markers,chalk and cutting tools from the almirah/racks.

Getting patterns,chalk and cutting tools on the table.
Layering of fabric on the table Putting rest fabric aside Placing marker on the fabric Tracing of marker Cutting of fabric Checking of cut out parts(quantitywise)

Bundling of cut parts
Transporting the bundles to the racks/almirah Storing of fabric

Sewing room
Present Condition
•1

worker work on 1 style. •Worker is responsible for taking the cut pieces from cutting room. •1 worker can make max. 4 garment in 1 day.(5 workers working on 1 style makes 20 garments in a day) •Workers put measurement chart under their table. •Improper lightings. •Button holing machine on 1st floor. •Button stitching manually (4 workers).

EXISTING LAYOUT OF SEWING ROOM
SEWING MACHINE PRESSING TABLE

ENTRY

OVERLOCK MACHINE MACHINES NOT IN USE

PROPOSED LAYOUT OF SEWING ROOM
SEWING MACHINE PRESSING TABLE

ENTRY

OVERLOCK MACHINE MACHINES NOT IN USE

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Change in Layout(Implementing the modular system). Button hole machine to be placed in sewing room. 1 Button stitching machine is needed. Led lights in machines for proper lighting. Measurement chart on sewing machine table , fixed by tape.

Effects•Modular system- increases productivity by a factor of 2.6 •Button hole and stitching machine will reduce the time and labour cost. •Measurement chart- no wasting of time in taking the chart from under the table.

EXISTING WORKING AREA
1. 2. 5 12 4 6 1 10 8 B 9 3 8A 11 2 7 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sewing Machine Table Sewing Machine Stool Electric pedal Ironing table Ironing table Over lock Machine Hangers for sample (A & B) Basket Window Entry Socket

8.
9. 10. 11. 12.

Operation performed 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Threading Picking the panels Place the panels under the presser foot Sewing operations Picking the scissor. Cut the thread Dispose the panel Repeat the process 2 to 7.

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Operation 1- increase the height of spool stand by which the fatigue level of the operator decreases. Operation 2- increase the height of the basket in which the panels are kept. Operation 5- drawer Operation 7- increase the height of the basket in which the panels are disposed.

Fabric
Threads Threads Entry

Fabric

Fabric
Entry

Fabric
Entry

Fabric
Fabric

Trims

Chair

Fabric

Fabric

Fabric

Trims Fabric Fabric Fabric Fabric

PROPOSED CHANGES
Space:Increased by eliminating the inside walls. Full utilization of space by proper arrangement of the racks. Infrastructure:Racks with curved edges to avoid injuries. No. of racks increased for proper order wise, color wise stocking. Size of table increased for better inspection. Type of chair changed. Ladder provided. Ventilation:Exhaust fan installed. No. of windows increased. Lighting:Increased the no. of tubelights. Increased the intensity for proper inspection.

Equipments:Provided proper cutting and inspection equipments. Provided a Standard Inspection and cutting table. Job:Receives fabric and trim. Maintains the records. Stocks the items . Issues the fabric and trims. Helper:One helper is provided to the person as the work is very much. scattered and the job is not defined. Mixing up due to interference:Counter at the entry to avoid the interference of other departments. Flooring:Floor mats are applied so that there is less material damage.

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Operations are arranged in sequence and the jobs are divided. Intersection of material flow avoided. Material movement and handling is minimized. Space is utilized to its maximum. Proper lighting and ventilation. Less interference of other departments.

Thank You