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Plumbing Fundamentals

MODULE 5

PLUMBING FIXTURES AND ACCESSORIES

DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

What are Plumbing Fixtures?


Plumbing Fixtures are approved-type installed receptacles, devices or appliances supplied with water or liquid-borne wastes & discharge such wastes into the drainage system to which they may be directly or indirectly connected. Industrial or commercial tanks, vats & similar processing equipment are not plumbing fixtures, but may be connected to or discharge into approved traps or plumbing fixtures as approved for in this Code. (Sec. 217.10 NPC 1999)
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What are the common types of Plumbing Fixtures?


Plumbing Fixtures, put in simpler term, are receptacles or receivers attached to the plumbing system other than a trap in which water or waste may be collected or retained for ultimate discharge into the plumbing treatment facility and point of discharge. Their common types are: 1. Water Closet 2. Lavatory 3. Bathtub /Shower 4. Kitchen Sink 5. Bidet 6. Urinal
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What is a Water Closet & What are its Types?


Water Closet is a plumbing fixture used to receive human excrement & to discharge it through a waste pipe, using water as a conveying medium. Water Closets are classified according to: 1. Design 2. Make 3. Flushing Mechanism Used 4. Shape 5. Installation

DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

What are the types of water closet as to Design? 1. Siphon Washdown 2. Siphon Jet
3. Siphon Vortex 4. Reverse Trap

1. Siphon Washdown

2. Siphon Jet

It is the least expensive but the noisiest; Only small amount of standing water, susceptible to fouling, staining & contamination

The jet being submerged, introduces water underwater so that its operation is entirely muffled. It has a large amount of standing water to prevent fouling
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DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

3. Siphon Vortex

Reverse Trap

This type of bowl develops its flushing action through the water entering the diagonal holes around the rim which creates a swirling action which forms a vortex in the center.

The trap way located at the rear eliminated the bulge at the front. The design of the bowl plus its large water area & quietness in operation, makes it desirable than the siphon washdown.
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DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

What are the type of water closets as to Make?


One-Piece Water Closet:

1. One-Piece 2. Close Coupled 3. Pail Flush 4. Squat bowl

From HCG

The water closet fixture is manufactured with the bowl & the flush tank molded into a single unit
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DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

Close Coupled Water Closet:

From Mariwasa ToTo

A water closet wherein the flush tank is separate but is attached to the toilet bowl. It is a two-piece model.
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From HCG

Pail Flush Water Closet:


A water closet comprising only of a bowl without a flush tank. Flushing action is obtained only through water poured from a pail or bucket. This is used in areas where running water system is not available.
From Royal Tern

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Squat Bowl Water Closet:


A water closet that is other wise known as eastern type water closet since the user assumes a squatting position rather than a sitting position.
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What are the types of water closets as to Flushing Mechanism Used?


1. Flush Tank 2. Flush Valve
Flush Tank- Holds a supply of water for flushing the water closet. It flushes 3 to 6 liters.

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Flush Valve:
Flush Valve is a valve designed to supply a fixed quantity of water for flushing purposes. It is activated by direct water pressure without the use of a flush tank. It requires a flow pressure of 69 to 138 kPa (10 to 20 psi)
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What are the types of water closets as to Shape?


1. Round Front 2. Elongated Front
Round Front WC is intended for installation on a limited space. Elongated Front is more comfortable but occupies a larger space. Water closet bowls for public use shall be the elongated type.

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What are the types of water closet as to installation?


1. Free Standing or Floor Mounted 2. Wall Hung or Wall Mounted

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What are the Minimum Clearances & Roughing-ins for Water Closets?
Clearances are minimum distances of fixtures for human safety and comfort.

Roughing-in is the installation of all piping & fitting parts of the plumbing system, which can be completed prior to the installation of fixtures and accessories.
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What is a Lavatory? What are its types?


A Lavatory is a fixture designed for the washing of the hands or face. It is also known as a Wash Basin. The 4 types of Lavatory are: 1. Wall Hung Lavatory 2. Pedestal Lavatory 3. Counter Type Lavatory a. Overcounter or Counter top b. Undercounter 4. One-piece Lavatory
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Wall Hung Lavatory:

Pedestal Lavatory:

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Counter Type Lavatory:


Overcounter Lavatory Undercounter Lavatory

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One-piece Lavatory:

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What are the Minimum Clearances & Roughing-ins for Lavatories?

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What is a Bathtub?
A Bathtub is a tub for bathing, usually a fixed plumbing installation designed for 1 person. It is available in left outlet and right outlet

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What is a Shower Bath?


A Shower Bath is an apparatus for spraying water on the body, usually from above. Drain is through the shower bath floor drain.

Shower Pan
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What is a Kitchen Sink?


A Kitchen Sink is a plumbing fixture consisting of a basin with a water supply, connected with a drain & used for dishwashing

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What is a Bidet?
A Bidet is a plumbing fixture used for washing the middle part of the body, especially the genitals. It is also known as Sitz Bath.

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Bidet is used in tandem with the one-piece water closet or in integrated with the close coupled water closet:

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What is a Urinal? What are the types of Urinal? A Urinal is a plumbing fixture equipped with a water supply and drain for flushing away urine. The types of Urinals are: 1. Wall Hung Urinal 2. Pedestal Urinal 3. Stall Urinal 4. Trough Urinal
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Wall Hung Urinal:

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Stall Urinal
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Urinal Types, Clearances and Roughing-ins:

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What are other types of Plumbing Fixtures?


Slop Sink A deep sink, set low & used by janitors for emptying pails of dirty water & mop cleaning.

Laundry Tub A deep wide sink used for washing clothes.


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Scrub Sink:
A Scrub Sink is a plumbing fixture usually located in the O.R. in a hospital to enable personnel to scrub their hands prior to a surgical procedure. The Hot & Cold water supply is activated by a knee action mixing valve or by wrist or pedal control or by automatic sensors.

Drinking Fountain:

A Drinking Fountain is a plumbing fixture consisting of a shallow basin, together with a water jet, designed to provide potable water for human consumption.
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DANILO V. RAVINA, NAMPAP CEBU

What is a Plumbing Unit?


Plumbing Unit is a minimum standard quantity of plumbing fixtures that discharges waste into a plumbing installation, including: -1 Water Meter* -1 Kitchen Sink -1 Water Closet -1 Laundry Tray -1 Lavatory -3 Floor Drains -1 Shower Head & -4 Faucets or Drain for a Bathtub Hose Bibb or Shower Stall
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What are Plumbing Accessories?

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What is a Plumbing Appliance?

Plumbing Appliance is any one of a special class of device or equipment intended to perform a special plumbing function. Its operation and/or control may be dependent upon one or more energized components such as motors, controls, heating elements and pressure temperature sensing elements.
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What is a Plumbing Appurtenance?


Plumbing Appurtenance is a manufactured devise or a prefabricated assembly or onthe-job assembly of component parts, and serves as adjunct to the basic piping system & plumbing fixtures. It demands no additional water supply nor does it add any discharge load to a fixture or the drainage system. It performs some useful functions in the operation, maintenance, servicing, economy or safety of the plumbing system.
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