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Ummed singh verma
IIndYear(Mechanical) Non-Academic Mentor
Basics Objects Belts Types of belts Composition of belts Length Problems Uses
Large demands on a belt drive transmission has led to many variations on the theme.Basics Achieved by specially designed belts and pulleys. .
To minimize the noise due to motion. .OBJECTS OF POWER TRANSMISSION To transfer power from motor shaft to driven shaft. To change the speed. To transmit the power from one source to different shafts. Serves to bridge the physical gap between motor and machine.
Belt Belt is a looped strip of flexible material Used to mechanically link two or more rotating shafts. or to track relative movement. . to efficiently transmit power. Used as a source of motion.
the belt can either drive the pulleys in the same direction. . A conveyor belt is one application. Or the belt may be crossed so that the direction of the shafts is opposite. In a two pulley system.Belts… Belts are looped over pulleys.
Types Of Belts Flat belts Round belts Vee belts Timing belts Special belts Glimer belts .
Flat belt pulleys need to be carefully aligned to prevent the belt from slipping off.Flat belts Flat belts were used early in line shafting to transmit power in factories. In practice. such belts were often given a half-twist before joining the ends . The flat belt also tends to slip on the pulley face when heavy loads are applied.
Round belts Round belts are a circular cross section belt designed to run in a pulley with a circular groove. gluing or welding. either by a staple. They are for use in low torque situations and may be purchased in various lengths Or cut to length and joined. . joined either by a metal staple or glued. Early sewing machines utilized a leather belt.
The "V" shape of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the pulley with the result that the belt cannot slip off.Vee belts Solved the slippage and alignment problem. For high-power requirements. two or more vee belts can be joined side-by-side in an arrangement called a multi-V .
The helical offset tooth design forms a chevron pattern and causes the teeth to engage progressively. When correctly tensioned.Timing Belts Timing belts (also known as Toothed. Notch or Cog) Belts are a positive transfer belt and can track relative movement. . they have no slippage and are often used to transfer direct motion Timing belts with a helical offset tooth design are available. These belts have teeth that fit into a matching toothed pulley.
. Designs for continuously variable transmissions exist that use belts that are a series of solid metal blocks Linked together as in a chain.Specialty Belts Belts normally transmit power only on the tension side of the loop. transmitting power on the compression side of the loop.
. Their precise pulley synchronization makes them a great candidate for valvetrain application.Gilmer belt Gilmer belt is a trade name for a type of belt used for transferring power between axles in a machine. Gilmer belts are often used in competition grade radio controlled cars. Some motorcycles use Gilmer belts instead of chain drive on the rear wheel. Gilmer belts are also very useful in full-scale automotive engines.
BALATA---These belts are acid and water proof. COTTON---Cotton layers are stitched . RUBBER---These belts are used in moisture environments. .Composition of belts LEATHER---Leather is most important material for the belts.
WORKING OF BELT DRIVES .
Rotational speed of driven velocity ratio = ------------------------------Rotational speed of driver N2 D1 velocity ratio = ----=-----N1 D2 .VELOCITY RATIO It is the ratio of the speed of driven pulley to that of driving pulley.
14(R+r)+(R-r)/c+2c L=Length of belt R=Radius of bigger pulley r=Radius of smaller pulley C=distance between pulleys .LENGTH OF BELT L=3.
PROBLEMS Slip of belt—Caused due to large difference in tensions between tight and slack sides of the belt Which is too large to be resisted by friction between belt and the pulley This results in relative motion between the belt and the pulley which is known as slip. .
The uneven extension and contraction of the belt due to varying tension on it.Continue… CREEP---The material of the belt is elastic. cause a relative motion between belt and pulley surface which is known as the creep in belts. .
Used in factories. Used in machines.USES Used in transmitting power from one shaft to another. Used to transmit product. . Used in factories to transmit raw materials.
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