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Fashion has been important industry and cultural export of France since the seventeenth century, and modern "haute couture" originated in Paris in the 1860s. Today, Paris, along with Tokyo, London, Milan, and New York City, is considered one of the world's fashion capitals, and the city is home or headquarters to many of the premier fashion houses. Historically, many of the world's top designers and fashion houses have been French, including Coco Chanel, Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton, Lanvin, Chloé, Hermès, Guy Laroche, Yves Saint Laurent and shoe designer Christian Louboutin. The Paris fashion houses also attract many foreign designers
The rise in prominence of French fashion was linked to the creation of the fashion press in the early 1670s (due in large part to Jean Donneau de Visé) which transformed the fashion industry by marketing designs to a broad public outside the French court and by popularizing notions such as the fashion "season" and changing styles. World war 2 Many fashion houses closed during occupation of Paris during World War II, including the Maison Vionnet and the Maison Chanel. Several designers, including Mainbocher, permanently relocated to New York. In the enormous moral and intellectual reeducation program undertaken by the French state couture was not spared. . Germany, meanwhile, was taking possession of over half of what France produced, including high fashion, and was also considering relocating French haute couture to the cities of Berlin and Vienna, neither of which had any significant tradition of fashion. Due to the difficult times, the number of models in shows was limited to seventy-five, evening wear was shortened and day wear was much lighter, made using substitute materials whenever possible. From 1940 onward, no more than thirteen feet (four meters) of cloth was permitted to be used for a coat and a little over three feet (one meter) was all that allowed for a blouse. No belt could be over one and a half inches (four centimeters) wide. Among young men in the War Years the zazou suit became popular. Post-war fashion returned to prominence through Christian Dior's famous "New Look" in 1947: the collection contained dresses with tiny waists, majestic busts, and full skirts swelling out beneath small bodices, in a manner very similar to the style of the Belle Époque. The extravagant use of fabric and the feminine elegance of the designs appealed greatly to a post-war clientèle The expression Haute couture is, in France, a legally protected name, guaranteeing certain quality standards. The Paris Fashion week takes place twice a year after the London Fashion Week and before Milan Fashion Week. Dates are determined by the French Fashion Federation.
JEAN PAUL GAULTIER
Born April 24, 1952 (age 56) Arcueil, Val-de-Marne, France Nationality French Labels Jean-Paul Gaultier Jean-Paul Gaultier (born April 24, 1952, in Arcueil, Val-de-Marne) is a French fashion designer and past television presenter. Gaultier never received formal training as a designer. Instead, he started sending sketches to famous couture stylists at an early age. Pierre Cardin was impressed by his talent and hired him as an assistant in 1970. Jean-Paul Gaultier
His first individual collection was released in 1976 and his characteristic irreverent style dates from 1981, and he has long been known as the enfant terrible (bad boy) of French fashion. Many of Gaultier's following collections have been based on street wear, focusing on popular culture, whereas others, particularly his Haute Couture collections, are very formal yet at the same time unusual and playful. Jean-Paul Gaultier produced sculptured costumes for Madonna during the nineties with her infamous cone-bra for her Blond Ambition Tour and designed the wardrobe for her Confessions Tour in 2006, as well. Gaultier has also worked in close collaboration with Wolford Hosiery. He promoted the use of skirts, especially kilts on men's wardrobe, and the release of designer collections. Gaultier caused shock by using unconventional models for his exhibitions, like older men and full-figured women, pierced and heavily tattooed models, and by playing with traditional gender roles in the shows. This earned him both criticism and enormous popularity. He currently designs for three collections: his own couture and ready-to-wear lines, as well as the newly relaunched clothing line for Hermès, a French leather goods company well-known for their equestrian background, scarves, and expensive and difficult to obtain handbags. He's also well-known for his exhibit in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art known as Bravehearts - Men in Skirts. In addition to being a fashion designer, Jean-Paul Gaultier is known for a popular line of perfumes.
Italy.Pierre Cardin • • • • • • • • • • Born July 7. near Treviso. He advanced into unisex fashions. Pierre Cardin (Pietro Cardin)A Cardin was known for his avant-garde style and his space age designs. sometimes experimental. Nationality French Labels Pierre Cardin Pierre Cardin is an Italian-born French fashion designer. He prefers geometric shapes and motifs. 1922 (age 86) San Biagio di Callalta. . 1922. He introduced the "bubble dress" in 1954. often ignoring the female form. who was born on July 7. and not always practical.
but was soon reinstated. but was denied work at Balenciaga. Work with Elsa Schiaparelli followed until he became head of Christian Dior's tailleure atelier in 1947.He moved to Paris in 1945. . he studied architecture and worked with Jeanne Paquin after the war. In 1959.Cardin was the first couturier to turn to Japan as a high fashion market when he travelled there in 1959. There. He founded his own house in 1950 and began with haute couture in 1953. he resigned from the Chambre Syndicale in 1966 and now shows his collections in his own venue. he was expelled from the Chambre Syndicale for launching a ready-to-wear collection for the Printemps department store as the first couturier in Paris.
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel Born August 19. Her influence on haute couture was such that she was the only person in the field to be named on TIME Magazine's 100 most influential people of the 20th century. France Nationality French Labels Chanel Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (August 19. menswear-inspired fashions. 1971) was a pioneering French fashion designer whose modernist philosophy. France Died January 10. 1883 Saumur. 1971 (aged 87) Paris. and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her arguably the most important figure in the history of 20thcentury fashion. . 1883 – January 10.
embodying independence. personality. It shocked the general public at large but quickly became a fashion sensation.considered the number-one selling perfume in the world . was an elegant outfit composed of a knee-length skirt paired with a trim. traditionally made of woven wool with black trim and gold buttons and worn with large costume-pearl necklaces Chanel also popularized the little black dress. launched in 1924. . backless and more than a little risque. a tailleur dressed in black are the symbols of elegance and status that marked forever the history of fashion.Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel's stylish. The influential Chanel suit. It was Chanel who also introduced 'costume' jewellery to the world of fashion. success. 5. boxy jacket. using a variety of accessories such as necklaces. chains or pearls of several strands. elegant designs revolutionized fashion during the 1910s. freeing women from the uncomfortable and stiff apparel worn at the end of the 19th century. But it was Chanel No. style. Chanel furthered her own image: the woman of the 20th century. whose blank-slate versatility allowed it to be worn for both day and night. and confidence. A bag with golden handles. an elegant pearl necklace. The black Chanel dress was strapless.which helped her become a millionaire..
87 years old. and she was buried in Switzerland. listened to new Jazz music.showing a lot of skin.The German designer Karl Lagerfeld is. in her private suite at the Hotel Ritz. and otherwise flouting conventional social and sexual norms). bobbed their hair. drinking. the designer decided to close her shops. at the beginning of the Second War. smoking. treating sex in a casual manner. 1971. In 1939." Chanel always kept the clothing she designed simple and comfortable and revealing.In 1923. she told Harper's Bazaar that "simplicity is the keynote of all true elegance. and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. driving automobiles.Coco Chanel died in Paris on January 10. the art director of Chanel now. . She was instrumental in helping to design the image of the 1920's flapper (The term flapper in the 1920s referred to a "new breed" of young women who wore short skirts. since 1983. The flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup. She took what were considered poor fabrics like jersey and upgraded them.
. Fashion in Italy saw a big change during the sixties at the time when industrial boom was experienced. Italian fashion reflected Italy as a land of art. Giorgini broke the myth of fashion as something that only belonged to a higher class of the society. Italian fashion took its course from the finely dressed women in Italy. The Fashion Maestro of Italy Count Giorgini started by staging a fashion show in the year 1951 on 25 th February in Florence . Education and culture of Italy had great influence over the fashion scenario of the country. Fashion has always attracted people and dressing in one's own style gives one a self identity in the crowd. With this fashion the concept of dressing changed from a mere dress to something that was a reflection of creation and design. Fashion also influenced many costumes and dresses in Cinema. This fashion show attracted audience from all over the world. Italian Fashion has been a landmark in the history of fashion. Italian Fashion has an old and a rich history to its credit.ITALIAN FASHION Italian Fashion is something that sets Italy on a higher pedestal from the rest. beauty and love.
the money is worth it. the birthplace of Italian fashion can be traced back to 1951. when a fashion show was staged in Florence. Gucci. Prada. .” talian Fashion is well regarded for its sophisticated style and its elegant designs. Italians began to view fashion as an important way of self-expression and self-assertion. While fashion and Italy seem to have been connected for centuries.With this history of fashion in Italy . After all. if you buy an italian fashion product. you aren’t just buying a piece of clothing – rather. today Italy is a place specially known for the famous designers of the world and more often “The Fashion Hub of the whole world. and Versace produce items that are not cheap. Italian Fashion soon began to take off from here. you are buying an attitude of class and sophistication. While Italian Fashion Designers like Giorgio Armani. Italian Fashion is well known for producing some of the best high end clothing out there and it is guaranteed to impress people when you walk around decked out in Italian Fashion. A nation that doesn’t particularly tolerate sloppy dressing. From a social perspective.
Early Italian Fashion harkened back to an earlier time where nobility held fantastic parties and were proud of their elegance. Italian Fashion continues to produce gorgeous dresses. Elaborate dresses and fine clothes were commonly worn. To this day. stylish suits. However. italian fashion would drastically change in the 1960s as Italian Fashion Designers began to create clothes that were still uniquely arty but more street savvy. Italian fashion has produced advanced new twists to popular fashion items like the min-skirt and blue jeans. and some of the best eveningwear you can find in the world. Italian Fashion Designers continue to produce some of the most elegant and innovative clothing in the world. Inspired by avant-garde art and cultural movements. .
To show off one's best features is the idea. When it comes to jeans. Brassiere straps are a look that tries not to be one. talian women take great pride in putting themselves together . it isn't surprising that the women take dressing very seriously. The idea is to let your bra strap show but not look like you're trying.In a nutshell." .In a country where police uniforms are designed by Armani.the bella figura. there are three key ingredients: SHOES Spice comes from style not comfort. But this doesn't mean overt nakedness.Jeans have been a wardrobe staple for years Italian women love to look sexy and it is very important for men to notice them on the street. you can'tt forget the fit. Care must be taken to purchase a new bra with transparent plastic straps. Italian women infer a more subtle sexiness by keeping their bodies fit and wearing slim-cut clothing. Yes. The hottest design this season conveniently incorporates pointed toes and high heels in the same shoe for maximum discomfort. because you don't want what is supposed to show to show too much. . transparent.
. All of this went towards creating a stereotyped yet realistic image of the Land of the Beautiful. you can expect Italian Fashion in the future to continue its tradition of elegance. With its array of accomplished fashion designers and a populace that understands the importance and power of personal style. Italian fashion is a force in the fashion world. you can’t go wrong with Italian Fashion. innovation. A nation that reveres its fashion industry. Dress took on the role of a charm for just like in ancient fairy tales. and sophistication! Cinema too was influenced by Italian fashion: a classic case was the wedding of Linda Christian and Tyrone Power in 1949 for which the bridal dress was chosen in Rome. it was the magic means that made transformation possible. of Art and of Love.If you are striving to have a classic fashionable look.
Pavia.Giammetti's entrepreneurial genius will prove fundamental to the worldwide expansion and success of the House. Lombardy Nationality Italian and French Education École des Beaux-Arts Labels Valentino Awards Grande ufficiale dell' Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana. Thanks to Giammetti. His fashion house is among the world's most famous haute couture and readyto-wear fashion empires. Valentino was able to focus on the creative aspect of design leaving all business intricacies to Giammetti. Valentino started to dress the ladies of the international best-dressed crowd such as his acquaintance from the Paris years Countess Jacqueline de Ribes and New York socialites Babe Paley and Jayne Wrightsman. His first show at the Pitti Palace was welcomed as a true revelation and the young couturier was submerged by orders from foreign buyers and enthusiastic comments on the press. Giancarlo Giammetti become Valentino's business partner.Valentino Born May 11. . Cavaliere del Lavoro. 1932 (age 76) Voghera. The Neiman Marcus Award Valentino Clemente Ludovico Garavani. best known as Valentino (born 11 May 1932) is an Italian fashion designer.
Valentino became known for his red dresses. . known in the fashion industrie.At a Rome exhibition in 1991 a smattering went on display and current clients at that time such as Marie Hélène de Rothschild and Elizabeth Taylor marveled that the DNA of Valentino's style was already apparent in the layers of white pleats and animal prints. in the bright shade of valentino red.
8 July 2007.His new designer at Valentino's brand is Alessandra Facchinetti. Rome A collection of black dresses by Valentino at the Museo Ara Pacis in Rome In order to celebrate the 45th anniversary of Valentino's career a fashion extravaganza took place in Rome . the conceptual depth and the daring spirit In September 4. His concept of elegance and beauty is basically an exercise in glamour for the sake of glamour itself. 2007 Valentino announced that he would retire fully from the world stage after his last HauteCouture show in Paris.45 years of Valentino: 6 .It is difficult to deny that Valentino in his long career has created some of the most sophisticated dresses to be seen and worn. Valentino's style can be seen as much more conservative and fixed. the time of the day in which his flamboyant and opulent style has expressed itself at the best. Inventive as it may be it lacks the modernity. particularly for the evening.He delivered his last women's Ready-to-wear show in Paris on October 4 to a raptuous applause. the former designer at the House of Gucci.
footwear.DOLCE AND GABBANA Type Privately held Founded 1985 Headquarters Milan. Stefano Gabbana Industry Fashion Products Clothing. Monica Bellucci. Italy Key people Domenico Dolce. Isabella Rossellini John Hooks and Kylie Minogue amongst others . Employees 3. Christina Aguilera. Its designs are worn by the likes of Madonna.140 Dolce & Gabbana is an Italian fashion house. handbags.
responding to long-term trends rather than seasonal changes. is influenced more by designers and is more formal and 'timeless'.Specializes on more expensive luxury items. It also sells: beachwear underwear corrective eyewear sunglasses fragrances purses jewelry timepieces .
D&G is a more casual line that follows an urban inspiration and attempts to set trends rather than follow them. It is the younger. more flamboyant line of the brand .
France Died October 23. 1957). After leaving school he received money from his father so that in 1928 he could open a small art gallery. Tuscany. where he sold art by the likes of Pablo Picasso and Max Jacob. a seaside town off the coast of France. Italy Christian Dior (January 21. From 1938 he worked with Robert Piguet and later joined the fashion house where he and Pierre Balmain were the primary designers. In 1945 he went into business for himself. 1905 – October 23. backed by Marcel Boussac.Christian Dior Born January 21. 1957 (aged 52) Montecatini. Normandy. . Basse-Normandie. 1905 Granville. He was born in Granville. probably best known as the founder of one of the world's top fashion houses Dior. Manche. After a family financial disaster that resulted in his father losing his business. was an influential French fashion designer. the cottonfabric magnate. Dior was forced to close the gallery.
creating a beautiful silhouette. fabric-conserving shapes of the recent World War II styles. bustier-style bodices. Dior is quoted as saying "I have designed flower women. . giving his models a very curvaceous form. Initially. which they had been unused to because of the previous limitations on fabric." His look employed fabrics lined predominantly with percale. influenced by the rations on fabric. The hem of the skirt was very flattering on the calves and ankles. He was a master at creating shapes and silhouettes. boned. hip padding.. women protested because his designs covered up their legs. wasp-waisted corsets and petticoats that made his dresses flare out from the waist.Dior's designs were more voluptuous than the boxy.
The New Look revolutionized women's dress and reestablished Paris as the center of the fashion world after World War II. Christian Dior Company donated to the Aaliyah Memorial Fund. . After his death in 2003.
Italy. the late Gianni Versace. She holds a great amount of Versace stock. to pursue knitwear design in Florence.Her current title is Vice-President of the Versace Group and Chief Designer of the fashion line. Italy Nationality Italian Labels Versace Donatella Versace (born May 2. 1955 (age 53) Reggio Calabria. 1955) is an affluent Italian fashion designer. . n the mid 1970s. totalling 20% of the entire stock market assets of Versace. the founder of the Versace clothing brand. Giovanni ("Gianni").Donatella Versace Born May 2. like her famous brother. Donatella followed her older brother.
as her brother had done every season. though this time using sheer glass In October of 2002. Donatella Versace mounted her first couture show for the Versace Atelier at the Hôtel Ritz Paris. She built her runway over the hotel's swimming pool. After ginnia n July 1998. instead of using unknown models. Gianni and Donatella's most famously designed Versace clothing were displayed in a special exhibit of the historical Victoria and Albert Museum of London to be honored for extraordinary fashion success and symbolism worldwide .Donatella is the first designer to use notable celebrities to broadcast her clothing into the world on the catwalk and other public media such as advertisements.
her designs were heavily influenced by Surrealists like her collaborator Salvador Dali. Along with Coco Chanel.Elsa Schiaparelli Born 10 September 1890 Rome Died November 13. . However unlike Chanel she never adapted to the changes in fashion after WWII and her business closed in 1954. 1973) was an influential Italian fashion designer. 1973 (aged 83) Paris Residence Paris Nationality Italian Occupation Fashion designer Known for Knitwear. surrealism Elsa Schiaparelli (September 10. she dominated fashion between the two World Wars Starting with knitwear. 1890 – November 13.
Chanel referred to her as 'that Italian artist who makes clothes'.The "pour le Sport" collection expanded the following year to include bathing suits.Dalí designed for her a dress with a large lobster printed onto it. a forerunner of shorts. and a hat that looked like a giant shoe. skiwear and linen dresses. Another hat was shaped like a giant lamb chop . The divided skirt. and the business went from strength to strength. culminating in a move from Rue de la Paix to the Schiap Shop in the Place Vendôme. Although her first designs appeared in Vogue.She launched a new collection of knitwear in early 1927 using a special double layered stich created by Armenian refugees.[She added evening wear to the collection in 1931. the business really took off with a pattern that gave the impression of a scarf wrapped around the wearer's neck.
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