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Rakon Solutions for Synchronous Ethernet v6

US-TCXOs - RPT7050 - RPT5032 OCXOs - Mercury - ROX2522

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

What is Synchronous Ethernet?


Ethernet is traditionally asynchronous
Each node has an independent clock Original intent of packet networks was for bursty, variable rate traffic

Large contiguous flows were managed at higher level


Input buffers and high level protocols (Pause frames) manage data flow

Data 100ppm

Ethernet PHY

Ethernet PHY

100ppm

~
2

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Synchronous Ethernet
As services over Ethernet changed to constant bit rates and real-time, synchronization became required
Eg. Live Video, Audio services Eg. Support for Mobile Back haul

Synchronous Ethernet extends Traditional Synchronization to Ethernet


Data
Ethernet PHY Ethernet PHY Ethernet PHY Synchronization Flow

Primary Reference Clock (Network Clock)

PLL

Line Extracted Clock

PLL
SyncE TCXO

System Clock

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Relevant Standards
G.8010 defines functional architecture of Ethernet networks G.803 describes architecture of transport networks based on SDH

G.8261 describes timing and synchronization aspects in packet networks


G.8262 defines Synchronous Ethernet Equipment Slave clocks (EEC) similar to clocks in G.813 and G.812 G.8264 includes the Synchronization Status Message (SSM) equivalent in Ethernet Networks

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Implementations
PLL implementations are almost always digital
Low loop bandwidths in the analogue domain are difficult Digital offers additional features
Input Clock monitoring Reference Switching

Disadvantage is that Silicon Jitter is high

Recovered Clocks

Phase Comparator & Monitors

Loop Filter

DCO

Output Synthe sizers

Oscillator

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Freerun Accuracy
When the system operates by itself, what is output frequency accuracy?
The DCO (Digitally Controlled Oscillator) freerun output will be output accuracy Since DCO is driven by Oscillator and therefore its accuracy will be the oscillators This is different from Holdover, as Holdover is after disciplining the DCO to a value

Phase Comparator & Monitors Recovered Clocks

Loop Filter

DCO

Output Synthesi zers

Oscillator

For Output accuracy to be at 4.6ppm, the oscillator accuracy to be at 4.6ppm

EEC oscillators to be at 4.6ppm, accuracy including all deviations Stratum 3 and Stratum 3E accuracies are at 4.6ppm Pluto/+ and RTX family of TCXOs and Mercury OCXOs 90% applications only need TCXOs

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Wander Generation
Ideal input is applied at the input and output variation is measured
Under a constant temperature and a temperature ramp

Phase Comparator & Monitors Recovered Clocks

Loop Filter

DCO

Output Synthesi zers

Oscillator

For Output stability (MTIE & TDEV) to be below mask, Oscillator temperature performance to be tested

Depending on PLL loop bandwidth Oscillator noise appears at the output


Since the input is ideal, contribution of PLL to output variation is nothing, all depends upon temperature and aging performance of the oscillator

Option 2 loop bandwidth is 0.1Hz, time constant of 1.6s, TCXO may be challenged for temperature stability
Slope performance (ppb/C) is important

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Wander Generation Continued


The RPT7050/5032A family has excellent temperature & Slope performance
TCXO thermal design considerations are still very important and need to be carefully applied (Application note available). For example the location of the TCXO in respect to Fans and heat source.

Some applications with extreme temperature variation conditions may call for an OCXO
This depends on the customer application requirement The Mercury and/or an oscillator from the traditional OCXO family (i.e. ROX5022) should be used

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Jitter Performance
The PLL could be directly driving the PHY reference clock
Oscillator to PLL output multiplication, Clock multiplication inside the PHY, Electrical to Optical conversion, power supply variations and layout design - all adds to additional jitter and these effects need to be considered Eg. 10G PHY needs <1ps, Oscillator needs to be ~500fs
Ethernet PHY

Ethernet Switch & System Components

The requirement for jitter is on the line output which depends on the PHY reference clock jitter from the PLL, which in turn depends on the Oscillator jitter to the PLL

Line Extracted Clock

PLL
SyncE TCXO

System Clock

The RPT7050/5032x family can support 10H PHY designs with many of the Timing Silicon Chipsets

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Holdover Requirements
Holdover System output is held constant when input is lost. Defined by: Initial holdover accuracy Oscillator temperature stability +/- 50 PPB +/- 2 PPM Best case system accuracy Usualy -40 to +85 deg C Only for option 2 Occurs because of entry to holdover

Oscillator Aging
Other effects (Vss, load, etc.) Initial phase jump

+/- 100 PPB/24hrs


+/- 100 PPB/24hrs +/- 120 ns

Phase Comparator & Monitors Recovered Clocks

Loop Filter

DCO

Output Synthesi zers Output TIE is to be limited by Oscillator temperature behaviour, aging and drift

Oscillator

RPT7050/5032 family meet all such requirements, Mercury outperforms by a mile


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EEC Oscillator requirements summary


Frequency accuracy
At +/- 4.6ppm

Wander Generation
F v T performance and aging need to be excellent Most variations will be filtered by PLL, but quick variations will pass through

Jitter generation
Lower the jitter, the better

Holdover
F v T performance, aging and drift parameters are critical

RPT7050/5032 family passes with flying colours

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

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G.8262 Solution Vendors


ADI
AD954x family devices

IDT
8vxxxx family of devices

Microsemi Corporation
ZL3014x family, ZL3016x family devices

Semtech
ACS95xx family of devices

Silicon Labs
Si9528 family of devices

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Summary
Rakon Pluto/+ and RTX family TCXOs and Mercury family OCXOs are well qualified for Synchronous Ethernet applications supporting ITU-T G.8262 standards Rakon has worked with all Timing Silicon vendors to qualify oscillator solution for Synchronous Ethernet Rakon has wide range of oscillators to support customers based on specific requirements

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

The End

Thank you

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

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