By: Kelsey O’Callaghan, Brittany Edghill, Jessica Gold, Karman Lamb, Camille Tucker

Background Info Info Background
 Brazil is the largest country in South America.  Brazil is divided into 5 regions: the north region, the south region , the northeast region, the central west region & the southwest region.

 The capital of Brazil is Brasilia.
 Brazil is a multicultural and multiethnic society that includes: Native American, African, Italian, German and Portuguese immigrants.

North Region :
 The north region covers approximately 45.27% of the land area of Brazil, and has the lowest number of inhabitants.

Northeast Region :
 The northeast region has about 30% of Brazil’s population The central west region is covered by the world’s largest marshlands area. Much of the region is also covered by Cerrado (the largest savanna in the world.)

Central west Region :

. It also has the highest standard of living in the country. South Region :  The south region is the wealthiest by GDP per capita. It has more inhabitants than any other South American country. But it is also the coldest region of Brazil.Southeast Region :  The southeast region is the richest and most densely populated.

Map Map of of Brazil Brazil .


800. As of mid-2007. the total population of Brazil was 189. It's rate of natural increase is around 1.000 people.4% and there is an estimated population change between 2007-2050 of 37%. The projected population for 2050 is 259.000 people. .300.

000 live births. . There is about 21 births and 6 deaths per 1. There is 27 infant deaths per 1.000 population. Twenty-eight percent of the population is less than 15 years old and six percent of the population is over 65 years old. The average life expectancy of males is 72 and the average life expectancy of a woman is 76.

Population Populationby byBrazilian BrazilianStates States .


03 migrant(s)/per 1000. . were Africans that were brought to Brazil as slaves and finally. colonized Brazil during the 16th century. The net migration rate is -0. Next. Likewise. Brazil which has now become known as a melting pot is the home to various nationalities & races. which make up the largest group. overtime intermarriage between the Portuguese and indigenous people/slaves created the second largest group known as Mulattos (mixed). such as:  Portuguese/European Black/African Japanese Arabs  Native Americans The Portuguese.Immigration in Brazil  Immigration has been a very important factor in the formation. structure and history of the population in Brazil. various other Middle Eastern and Asian immigrant groups settled in Brazil during the mid-19th century.


The The government government .

Brazilian Social Democratic Party. Liberal Front Party. Brazilian Labor Party. Progressive Party. Brazilian Socialist Party .Popular Socialist Party Democratic Labor Party and the Communist Party of Brazil. Elections in Brazil are by majoritarian votes. There are three senators for each state which equals to a total of 81 senators. an executive branch. The constitution of 1988 grants power to the federal government which consists of three branches of government. and legislative. Brazilian Democratic Movement Party. The government of Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district. similar to the three branches of the United States. each citizen equals one vote and the candidate with the most votes wins. . The major political parties of brazil include the Workers party. judicial.the current president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is a member of the Workers party. Liberal Party . The president is elected every four years and can serve two terms.

Corruption within the government  President Lulu’s party. They believe he should be impeached. There were also cases where the members of the Worker's Party were collecting money and receiving presents from private companies. From the actions of the party people believe Lulu is corrupt because he knew about the scheme and did nothing to stop it. Others believed he knew nothing about the scheme which makes him incapable of governing Brazil. There was also evidence that money had been used to bribe legislators. . the Workers party have admitted to using illegal money to fund election campaigns.

The The Economy Economy .

500 making it the most powerful country in South America in economic terms. In the past agriculture was a large part of the economy. the importance of agriculture and mining reduced.  As a result today some of the Brazil's largest firms include mining. electricity. oil crises of 1973 and 1979. and the production of electrical goods. . Brazil's gross per capita income is 10. petroleum. But as the government encouraged foreign investment in automobile manufacturing. steel. The government was able to fix most of these problems by opening up a number of state-owned companies to private investors in areas such as steel. oil. Despite Brazil's current economic status it has had some problems in the past including debt. and inflation. and telecommunications. engineering. and chemical industries.

 Today Brazil's trade partners number in the hundreds. Another large part of the economy is the production of ethanol. 73 % of its reserves come from deep water oil research. . Brazil was one of the first capitalist countries to bring together the ten largest car assembly companies inside its national territory. with 80% of exports mostly of manufactured or semi manufactured goods.

Export Revenue from the years 2003 to 2008 .

The Role role of Of women Women .

Brazil used to be a male dominated country. The constitution of 1988 recognized women as completely equal to men in all legal matters. By 1933 women were allowed to go to school and work. Gender used to be an important factor in Brazilian society. But men were still the head of the household. .

. and medicine are becoming more balanced between men and women. There has been an increase in female headed households. Between the 1970's and 1980's the number of women in the work force had increased. even number of men and women in schools and professions such as. By 1990 the women's economic participation had increased to 30 percent. law.

Education .

many children are not able to attend them and receive the best education they can. high school. primary school. This is based upon the social and economic differences found among urban and rural children. has been slowly improving on the international scale each year. The system that includes both public and private institutions. . university and postgraduate school. even with a wide range of institutions to choose from. However. The educational system in the country of Brazil. ranges from preschool.

. the growing importance of education in Brazil hasn’t destroyed the possibility of children completing regular schooling. poor parents need their children to work to make money and help support the family. This is because. Almost all children enrolled into public schools are poor while the middle class struggle to send their kids to private English and French schools. and work under the age of 16 is forbidden. Luckily. there still is a relatively high child labor problem. And although primary education is mandatory from ages 7 to 14 in Brazil.

where education is not at its greatest importance. The literacy rate of current day Brazil is about 87 percent for everyone over the age of fifteen. this rate fluctuates depending on the region and family income. . However. Illiteracy is highest in the rural areas of the North and Northeast. But this is not to say that Brazil hasn’t been taking great strides toward higher education.

Paulo Renato. . Brazil’s first university. And as of 2003. Institutions such as. The current Minister for Education. there were over 125 private and public universities available to students to further their education. has reached recognizable excellence in teaching and research. Mr. has put significant resources into developing the country’s higher education system. The University of Rio De Janeiro.

Environmental Environmental Problems problems .

and people living in small towns have sewage service. pollution. Right now only 35% of the population of Brazil has access to sewage service. climate change. Some of the more pressing environmental issues of Brazil are deforestation. Brazil faces several environmental problems. 38% of isolated populations like indigenous people. and waste management. . rural communities.

This led to a decrease in the amount of soybeans being produced. Farmers in Brazil saw this opening and destroyed rainforest to gain land to grow more soybeans. Destruction of the Amazon rainforest for farming and grazing land has recently increased due to the high demand for beef and soybeans. . Many countries across the globe recently increased the growing of corn for the creation of ethanol. The demand for beef has also increased and more land is needed for the cattle to graze on.

The destruction of the rainforest only helps because less trees means less carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) taken out of the air. . Brazil has been industrializing and the number of factories and cars has increased. An increase in greenhouse gases leads to global warming. Another problem is pollution and climate change which go hand in hand. This has led to an increase in air pollution especially greenhouse gases.

10 year year Plan plan 10 .

we will try to improve use of contraceptive methods.10 year plan: Population For the population aspect of our ten year plan. Sixteen percent of women in Brazil are giving birth by age 18. . Brazil will not be able to support any more people without using most of its resources. Although there is a substantial amount of women using contraceptives (76% among married women).

I would put more public primary and secondary schools in rural areas so they are more accessible to students. All of these schools would be at the same standard of teaching and I would try to implement the most modern and efficient curriculum at all schools.10 year plan: Education My plan to improve education in Brazil would begin with putting more resources into the areas with relatively low literacy rates. . The government then puts more interest into those particular schools to oblige the parents who ultimately have more wealth. to pay for bills and other expenses. they drop out of school at an early age to begin working. schools found in the urban areas usually have children with wealthy or more financially stable parents. The reason for this is. which contributes to the high infant labor rate in Brazil. Areas in the North and Northeast with rural communities usually tend to have a lower literacy rate due to less importance on education. Parents in those communities need their children to work. Thus.

many middle class parents with more than one child may have a hard time sending all of their kids to a costly private school and this could lead to the neglect of one or more children in the family. this should not be the case. I would try to convince parents that public schools are as good as. . Many elite students travel abroad to attend university due to the countries average. costly and overcrowded schools yet. I would create universities that would be able to compete with some of the most prestigious schools in Latin America and have reasonable tuition pricing. Finally. This is because. or even better than many private schools.10 year plan: Education Likewise. I would create more universities and post graduate schools in Brazil for students to further their education.

The difference between biofuels and fossil fuels is that while fossil fuels are made from long dead bio matter taken from the earth biofuel is made from recently dead materials. wind. The carbon removed from the air by the plants is returned to the atmosphere when we use the plant for fuel. liquid. or gas fuel derived from relatively recently dead biological material. A biofuel is a solid. Using renewable energy and biofuels would be important because they both reduce dependency on oil and increase a countries energy security. reduce deforestation. This is extremely different from fossil fuels which release carbon into the atmosphere that was previously stored in the ground. tides. and sustain industrial development. and geothermal heat. Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources. increase public awareness. Brazil needs increase the use of renewable energy and biofuels. rain. Some examples of natural resources that can be used are sunlight. Biofuels can be made from any biological carbon source but we mostly use photosynthetic plants. .10 year plan: Environment To help the environment.

For example you could make the rainforest a national park or something like that to make it illegal to cut down the rainforest. This way only few people will be able to do it and the country gets money. Laws that make sure steps to replenish the rainforest are taken might also help. . Getting help from other countries for sewage systems without attaining debt might be difficult if not impossible but many people outside of Brazil are concerned about the rainforest and would probably be more than willing to assist. To help reduce deforestation Brazil could create certain laws that help protect the Amazon. If it's not possible to totally outlaw the clearing of the rainforest then you could make it expensive.10 year plan: Environment As previously discussed deforestation is a serious problem in Brazil. We need not only citizens of Brazil but also the world to know that Brazil has problems that they can help solve. Also if we make people in the country more aware then they might do more to help also. If you limit the amount of forest that can be cleared in a certain amount of time you can also slow down its destruction. Public awareness is extremely important because we need not only support but funds.

Also more people will become employed and there will be less poverty. and to reduce deforestation. Basically the goals of the environmental part of our ten year plan is to improve our waste management. If we find a way to industrialize without negatively affecting the environment then new jobs will be created and there will be less pressure on the people to cut down rainforests for farming and grazing. . If we do this Brazil should be a healthier place. Brazil's economy is extremely dependent on agriculture with things like cocoa and beans being in their list of top exports. find new cleaner sources of energy and fuel.10 year plan: Environment A serious problem in Brazil is a lack of economic opportunities.

.The end.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful