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Kelompok 1B

2nd ed. Eric JS: Signs and patterns of the lung diseases. turbular lucency representing a bronchus or bronchioles passing through airless lung parenchyma.Air Bronchogram • This sign refers to a branching. 2008 . New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chest radiology: the essentials. Collins J. linear.

Figure 1. including infectious pneumonia. rather than mediastinal or pleural. Arborizing through this opacity are radiolucent branching structures (arrow) representing the air-filled bronchi (air bronchograms). The presence of the sign indicates that the process is parenchymal in location. Air bronchogram sign.FIGURE 2. lipoid pneumonia. Air bronchograms can also be seen with other causes of airspace disease. hemorrhage. Close-up view of the left upper lobe shows a radiopaque opacity. alveolar• sarcoidosis. . and alveolar proteinosis and can also be seen in atelectasis not caused by central obstruction. edema. CT of the chest shows bilateral subpleural areas of airspace opacity with air bronchograms (arrows) resulting from acute eosinophilic pneumonia. lymphoma. bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma.

2008 . 2nd ed. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Diagrams illustrating the four types of ILD Collins J. Chest radiology: the essentials. Eric JS: Interstitial lung disease.


Pneumonia Lobaris Lobus Superior .

Bronkopneumonia .

Pneumonia Interstitial .


This was his CXR. Interpreting chest x-ray. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and purulent sputum for one week. cough.old male presented with fever. Foong KC.Case-1 A 35-year. 2005 . What is the diagnosis? Eng P. illustrated with 100 cases.

as the conductive airways remain patent with air.Answer • The CXR shows a focal shadow in the right lower lobe with air bronchogram suggestive of pneumonia. • The presence of air bronchogram indicates pathology in the alveoli. Water or blood can also occupy the alveoli as a result of pulmonary edema or pulmonary hemorrhage respectively. It is clearly in the right lower lobe because the right hemidiaphragm is effaced. • The differential diagnoses of a focal shadow with air bronchograms include bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma and lymphoma. .