You are on page 1of 33

SPM 7 FORM 5 CHAPTER 2

ELECTRICITY
7.1 ELECTRIC CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT

Electric Charge

Electric Field

ELECTRICITY

Electric Current

Electric Charge

Electric Field

ELECTRICITY

Electric Current

Benjamin Franklin's Experiment.1752 lightning is electricity .

Electric Charge = The source of electric force ++ positive charge -negative charge + - + - + - .

Electric Charge Electric Field ELECTRICITY Electric Current .

Electric Field Electric field region - What happen to it? Force pulls towards positive charge + What happen to it? Force pushes away from positive charge .

Electric Field + magnitude / force Electric lines of force direction .

Electric Field region charge electric force electric line of force magnitude direction .

Electric Field Experiment to determine the pattern of electric field / plane electrode .

Electric Field Experiment to determine the pattern of electric field + - + - + + - - + - + - - + .

Electric Field Experiment to determine the pattern of electric field 3 properties of electric lines of force 1. The direction of electric fields is from positive charge to negative charge . The electric field do not cross each other STATE 3 PROPERTIES OF ELECTRIC LINES OF FORCE 2. The closer the lines the stronger the electric field 3.

The closer the lines the stronger the electric field 3. The force due to the action of the electric field. This enables a very high voltage to be maintained across the two electrodes. The direction of electric fields is from positive charge to negative charge . The electric field do not cross each other 2. 1.Electric Field Experiment to determine the pattern of electric field Cooking oil is an insulator which does not conduct electricity.

Electric Charge Electric Field ELECTRICITY Electric Current .

Electric Current Van De Graff metal dome roller rubber belt roller motor .

6x10-19 C (coulomb) charge dome is connected to the earth negative charge .Electric Current pointer of meter deflects flow of charge flow of electrons electric current 1 electron = 1.

6x10-19 C (coulomb) charge .Electric Current rub carried charged charge metal dome metal dome deflects flow flow charge electron 1.

6x10-19 C Q = It charge (C) current (A) time (s) Q = ne charge (C) Number of electrons Q I= t The rate of charge flow through a conductor DEFINITION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT.Electric Current FORMULA number charges for 1 electron = 1. I .

0.8C .4 A 200 s 12C .5 x 10-19 20 C 0.Electric Current 0. 7.04A .

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material TAKE A BREAK .VIDEO .

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material Coated with metallic paint .

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material Forces of attraction are equal Electrical neutral .

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material attract VS neutralised VS repel .

H.Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material attract VS neutralised VS repel 1. Decreasing the distance between two electrode .T. Increase the voltage the E. How can we of increase thepower rate ofsupply oscillation of the ping-pong ball? 2.

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Ping-pong ball coated with a conducting material metallic force attraction equal electrically neutral received negatively repelled attracted negative charges neutralized repelled attracted oscillated .

Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Candle Flame .

Electric Current lighter Smaller proportion negative ions Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Candle Flame positive ions heavier bigger proportion Seen to spread out more .

Electric Current heat positive Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Candle Flame negative positive negative pulled pulled heavier larger lighter smaller negative .

- --..Electric Current Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Lightning conductors .-.++ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + ..

VIDEO Effects of an Electric Field on a Charge Electrostatic Paint Spraying .Electric Current TAKE A BREAK .

Review The source of electric force Electric Charge A region is which an electric charge experiences an electric force Electric Field ELECTRICITY Electric Current The rate of electric charge flow through a conductor .

current is higher.Exercise – Paper 2 Section A (i) The pointers deflects when Answer(i) the current flows through it (ii) When electric charge flow Answer(ii) through it at a higher rate. .

T. Hence. When voltage of E. is increased. Hence. (b)(i) Period of oscillation decrease.H. force to attract the ping-pong ball increase and make it oscillate faster. (b)(ii) Period of oscillation increase. the distance between them increase. The effect of electric field on a charge. Electric field Answer(a) state is a region which a electric charge experience an electric force. Unlike charges attract each other but like charge repel each other. When two plates are separated further apart.Exercise – Paper 2 Section B (a) The ping-pong ball and candle frame experience a force to attract to the plate . Time to complete on cycle . more charges accumulated in electrodesAnswer(b)(i) and cause the electric filed more stronger. Answer(b)(ii) electric filed become weaker. the force to attract and repel ping-pong ball is decrease and make it oscillate slower.