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Realistic Mobility Models for Vehicular Ad hoc

Network (VANET) Simulations
Sujesh P Lal
School of Computer Science
VIT University,2007

Guide: Prof H. R. Vishwakarma 01.07.2009 sujesh.lall@gmail.com
Outline
• Introduction

• The Architecture

• Performance Evaluation

• Conclusions

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Introduction
• VANET – Vehicular Ad Hoc Network.

• Provides
▫ communications among nearby vehicles, and nearby fixed
equipment.
▫ traffic information.
▫ safety and comfort for passengers.
▫ multimedia and internet connectivity facilities for
passengers.
▫ A facility for automatic payment for parking lots and toll
collection

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Intro…
• Multi-hop data delivery through VANET is
complicated by the fact that vehicular networks
are highly mobile and frequently disconnected.

• Existing data delivery schemes either pose too
much control or no control at all on mobility,
and hence not suitable for vehicular networks.

• Most research in VANET relies on simulations
for evaluation.
Intro…
• Realistic mobility models
▫ MOVE
▫ SUMO

• Why Realistic mobility models?
▫ Prohibitive cost of deploying and implementing
such a system.
▫ Easy to test and evaluate network protocols.
▫ Provides generic simulation scenarios.
MOVE
• MOVE - MObility model generator for VEhicular
networks.
• Provides
▫ An environment to quickly pinpoint incorrect
details
▫ Manage details overhead.
• Allows users to rapidly generate realistic
mobility models for VANET Simulation
• MOVE is built on top of an open source micro
traffic simulator SUMO
MOVE…
• Provides

▫ A facility to conveniently incorporate realistic road
maps
▫ GUI
▫ Generates realistic simulation scenarios with out
writing simulation scripts
Architecture of MOVE
MOVE - features
• Implemented in JAVA
• Runs on SUMO

• Main components
▫ Map editor
▫ Vehicle movement editor
EVALUATION
• Factors that directly affect VANET performance
▫ Node location
▫ Density
▫ Direction
▫ Unexpected events like accidents
▫ Road topology
Evaluation…

• CASE STUDIES

▫ Existence of traffic lights
▫ Driver route choice
▫ Overtaking behavior
The VADD Model
• A vehicle knows its location by GPS device , and
The packet delivery information such as source id,
source location, packet generate time, destination
location, expiration time, etc.

• The most important issue is to select a forwarding
path with the smallest packet delivery delay.

• Although geographical forwarding approaches
such as GPSR which always chooses the next hop
closer to the destination, it may not be suitable for
sparsely connected vehicular networks.
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Performance Evaluation

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A snapshot of the simulation setup area

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Conclusions
• Different from existing carry and forward solutions, we make
use of the predicable vehicle mobility, which is limited by the
traffic pattern and road layout.

• MOVE allows users to quickly generate realistic model for
vehicular network simulations.

• The details of a mobility model such as existence of traffic
lights, driver route choice, and car overtaking behavior can
have a significant impact on the simulation results.

• As future work, we will consider using vehicles from nearby
road, although this will be more complex.
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Thanks…..