2nd Industrial Revolution
 Passage of The Embargo Act of 1807

Thomas Jefferson
The law was repealed two years later without any lasting impact. Its primary effect was probably to exacerbate sectional feelings between the north and south.

Anglo-American War The war made it apparent that America needed a better transportation system and more economic independence .

Progress began to expand .

TECHNOLOGY AND CHANGE  transportation was expanded  electricity was effectively harnessed  improvements were made to industrial processes improving the refining process accelerating production .

These improvements were made possible by the great American inventors 1. . Thomas Edison  the phonograph 1877  the incandescent light bulb 1879  the motion picture Thomas Edison's first light bulb used to demonstrate his invention at Menlo Park.

Morse  the telegraph -1838  the morse code 3. Alexander Graham Bell  the telephone -1876 . B.2. Samuel F.

4. Elias Howe / Isaac Singer  Invention of the sewing machine .1846 revolutionized the garment industry Singer corporation one of the first modern industries. .

Cyrus McCormick  the mechanical reaper -1862 It made the harvesting of grain more efficient and faster 6.5. . George Eastman invented the Kodak camera.1888 Black and white pictures to preserve memories and historical events.

In 1855. George Westinghouse the transformer allowed electricity to be sent over long distances the air brake allowed conductors to have the ability to stop their vehicles .7. Charles Goodyear designed and built the first vulcanized rubber soccer balls 8. Charles Goodyear  vulcanized rubber -1836 Rubber became important in industry as it could withstand large amounts of pressure.

with the successful transmission of an AC current from Niagara Falls to Buffalo. Nikola Tesla  fluorescent lighting  the alternating current (AC) electrical power system It was adopted in 1896. NY  the radio-1895(credited with being the first person to patent radio technology) .9.

10. Dr. Richard Gatling • rudimentary machine gun (1862) that was used by the Union in the Civil War and in the SpanishAmerican War. fired 320 rounds a minute . Consisted of six barrels mounted in a revolving frame A later version with ten barrels.


Utah.Railroads further opened the west and connected raw materials to factories and markets Transcontinental Railroad -was completed in 1869 at Promontory. .

Urbanization .

SKyscrapers FLATIRON BUILDING Also known as: Fuller Building Built: 1902 Designed by: Daniel H. New York –US . Burnham Type: Skycraper Maximum Height: 285 feet / 87 meters Location: Fifth avenue between 22nd and 23rd streets.



Labour issues .

Automobile Industry  The Model T revolutionised transportation in the 1900s The assembly line increased production .


 The emergence of the US as a world power consequence of industrial developments. dominant industrial power in the world  Expansion of foreign trade vital to ensure prosperity  America .

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