Abhay Kumar, HVDC, IVA‘a Seminarium om världens största elavbrottMeeting, 2012-09-10

The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, IVA (avd II)
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Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance

27 August 2012    Summary by Cigré SC C2 (System Operation & Control) Presentation used there for Introduction Presentation made there by POWERGRID  Own reflection as Individual     (not as an Power System Expert) (subject to change/discussion) (May be wrong/incorrect – missing info – perspective) Not official  For official version – Please check with authorities © ABB Group Slide 2 PowDoc id .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Sequence Today   India Large System Disturbance Workshop – Paris.

287.422  States  comprising 28 states and 7 union territories.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_India Sept 1. 2012 .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance India  Population  2011 census 1. 3.210.193.263 km2 installed capacity of 205.34 GW as of June 2012 © ABB Group Slide 3 PowDoc id http://en.

in/JSP_SERVLETS/internal. about 44% of the households do not have access to electricity. the nation has set itself the target of providing access to all households in next five years. the National Electricity Policy in consultation with Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and State Governments. 2012 .jsp Sept 1. It has been recognized as a basic human need. Recognizing that electricity is one of the key drivers for rapid economic growth and poverty alleviation. As per Census 2001.nic.Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance National Electricity Policy   12th February 2005 Electricity is an essential requirement for all facets of our life. Section 3 of the Electricity Act 2003 requires the Central Government to formulate & revise.  2010 56% = 678Million  © ABB Group Slide 4 PowDoc id http://powermin.

nic.jsp Sept 1. © ABB Group Slide 5 PowDoc id http://powermin. 2012 .in/JSP_SERVLETS/internal.Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Government of India  The Ministry of Power has set a goal – Mission 2012: Power for All.

Per capita availability of electricity to be increased to over 1000 units by 2012. 2012  Mission 2012  © ABB Group Slide 6 PowDoc id .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance National Electricity Policy  AIMS & OBJECTIVES   Available for all households in next five years Availability of Power .nic.jsp Sept 1. Minimum lifeline consumption of 1 unit/household/day as a merit good by year 2012. March 2012  Supply of Reliable and Quality Power of specified standards in an efficient manner and at reasonable rates.Demand to be fully met by 2012. http://powermin. Energy and peaking shortages to be overcome and adequate spinning reserve to be available.in/JSP_SERVLETS/internal.

[5]    © ABB Group Slide 7 PowDoc id http://en. in contrast to the worldwide per capita annual Sweden average of 2600 kWh and 6200 kWh in the European 15000 kWh Union. one report found the per capita total consumption in India to be 778 kWh.Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Prespective  The per capita average annual domestic electricity consumption in India in 2009 was 96 kWh in rural areas and 288 kWh in urban areas for those with access to electricity. agricultural and industrial per capita energy consumption estimate vary depending on the source.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_India Sept 1. 2012 .[7] India's total domestic.wikipedia.[8][9] As of January 2012. Two sources place it between 400 to 700 kWh in 2008–2009.

27 August 2012    Summary by Cigré SC C2 (System Operation & Control) Presentation used there for Introduction Presentation made there by POWERGRID  Own reflection as Individual     (not as an Power System Expert) (subject to change/discussion) (May be wrong/incorrect – missing info – perspective) Not official  For official version – Please check with authorities © ABB Group Slide 8 PowDoc id .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Sequence Today   India Large System Disturbance Workshop – Paris.

Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Summary of Large System Disturbance Workshop © ABB Group Slide 9 PowDoc id .

To prevent future blackout several high capacity lines will be built to better connect generation with the load centres. Due to heavy weather and large unscheduled flows three of the five country's electricity grids failed. nearly 10 % of the world population. © ABB Group Slide 10 PowDoc id .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Summary of Large System Disturbance Workshop India 2012 The Indian blackouts of 30th and 31st of July were the latest and largest blackouts which occurred so far. It was the largest blackout in global history in terms of the number of people effected. The blackout on July the 30th caused a loss of 36 GW of generation while on July the 31st even 48 GW were lost. Nearly 700 million people were effected by the blackout. Starting with the northern grid a cascading effected caused the blackout of the north-eastern and the eastern grid as well.

Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Sequence Today   India Large System Disturbance Workshop – Paris. 27 August 2012    Summary by Cigré SC C2 (System Operation & Control) Presentation used there for Introduction Presentation made there by POWERGRID  Own reflection as Individual     (not as an Power System Expert) (subject to change/discussion) (May be wrong/incorrect – missing info – perspective) Not official  For official version – Please check with authorities © ABB Group Slide 11 PowDoc id .

pdf © ABB Group Slide 12 PowDoc id .powermin.nic.Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance REPORT OF THE ENQUIRY COMMITTEE http://www.in/pdf/GRID_ENQ_REP_16_8_12.

44% = 56% = 678 Million has access to electricity NR has 56 GW generation. 279 Million : 48/205=23%. 185 Million : 36/205=17%. 119 Million NEW has 84 GW generation. 36 GW was affected on 30 July 56/205 = 27%. 158 Million © ABB Group Slide 13 PowDoc id .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Reflection  Number Game     100 . 48 GW was affected on 31 July  84/205 = 41%.

Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Reflection  Perspective and Perception of Effect of an disturbance  From Outside   22 Years – Not once 12 years – Few times  From Inside    Regular shortage Several times in a day For short duration and long duration © ABB Group Slide 14 PowDoc id .

State v/s Centre  However most of it can be achieved with minimal investment      Discipline Planning Isolation schemes Despatching Under-frequency …… © ABB Group Slide 15 PowDoc id  .Indian Power System – Recent Disturbance Reflection     Limited Investment/Resources Priority Not easy job Political Issue.

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