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/ɪ/ - /i/
big pig win did he she
Sounds in contrast
bead – bid
lead – lid teen – tin
beat – bit
gift six fix ship thin chips
little picnic fiddle kitchen history ministry
free see pea tea free beans
field chief niece cheap peace metre
deed – did
deep – dip eat – it feet – fit leak – lick peak – pick read – rid
bean – bin
heal – hill meal – mill green – grin sheep – ship cheap – chip cheek – chick
seat – sit
reason – risen
to be on the picnic with six big sticks. big sticks. A wicked witch wished to be on the picnic with six big sticks. with six big sticks. a witch wished to be on the picnic with six big sticks. six big sticks. .1) Sticks.
He speaks Chinese and Japanese with equal ease. Japanese with equal ease. . Chinese and Japanese with equal ease. with equal ease.2) Ease. speaks Chinese and Japanese with equal ease.
1) A lot patients don’t really need treatment. They feel ill because they do silly things. but they need to keep fit and eat sensibly. We can give them pills to treat some illnesses. .
She slipped on a banana skin in the street. . She is very fit. He thinks she just needs to rest her knee.2) His patient had twisted her knee.
.Pleased to meet you.
Extremes meet. .
It isn’t his business. .
It’s all Greek to me. .
Easy come. easy go. .
A friend in need is a friend indeed. .
.Little pitchers have big ears.
As fit as a fiddle. .
A peck of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked. where’s the peck of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked? . If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper.1) Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper.
you see. for kneading of needles were needless. . But did my neat trousers but need to be kneed.2) I need not your needles. they’re needless to me. I then should have need of your needles indeed.
Which witch wished which wicked wish? 3) .
.4) A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds.
. But all that he could see. see. see was the bottom of the deep blue sea. sea. sea to see what he could see.5) A sailor went to the sea.
when a man marries. his trouble begins. needles and pins.6) Needles and pins. .
. I know no reason why gunpowder treason should ever be forgot.7) Please to remember the fifth of November Gunpowder treason and plot.
his e in verb endings and plurals: started./ɪ/ Common I (‘short I’) if. film. boxes Less common e Exceptions o u decide. women women busy a village . English.
police field. piece receive key ./i/ Common ALL ee e (‘long e’) sleep MOST ea read. eat be. these Less common i ie ei ey machine.
/æ/ ./ɛ/ .
cat hat Africa animal get pet
Sounds in contrast
bad-bed lad-led tan-ten sand-send
back gas cab fast hat has man
Apple cattle palace acid camel gather travel
bed bet red sell ten best bell
ready lemon berry clever Seven very when
sat-set man-men pan-pen mat-met pat –pet bat-bet bag-beg
band-bend pack-peck dad-dead had-head shall-shell marry-merry cattle-kettle
1) A cat, a black cat, a black cat sat, a black cat sat on a mat, a black cat sat and ate. A black cat sat on a mat and ate a fat rat.
2) Hens, red hens, best red hens, ten best red hens. Ted sells ten best red hens. Every day Ted sells ten best red hens.
Ten per cent felt that they were healthy or very healthy. .1) Only ten percent of Kensington Express readers take regular exercise.
The taxi driver wasn’t badly hurt. The van driver suddenly turned and crashed into a taxi. but he was very angry. and several cars and vans behind it.2) There was a red van traveling west. .
.Flat as a pancake.
All’s well that ends well. .
All’s well that ends well. .
.Better late than never.
.1) Lesser leather never weathered wetter weather better.
and Ted fed Fred bread. .2) Fred fed Ted bread.
3) Can you retell ten texts in twelve seconds? .
4) Pat’s black cat is in Pat’s black hat. .
and madly away did ride.5) The father was mad. and upon a mad horse they all of them got. The mother was mad. . The children all mad beside.
6) Pussy-cat. you will have some milk for that. Pussy-cat Can you catch that bad fat rat? If you catch that bad fat rat. .
.7) You’re red as a carrot. You’re dull as a parrot.
ran Exceptions ai plait . marry. hand./æ/ Common a (´short a´) sat.
says. breath Exceptions ie a friend any. said u ei bury leisure . editor./ɛ/ Common e (´short egg. went e´) Less common ea dead. bet. ate.
/Λ/ fun gun Son ton Sounds in contrast cup-carp but-bart buck-bart hut-heart sun cup duck Must Funny ugly begun thus come blood flood does other mother brother company cut-cart bun-barn duck-dark cluck-clerck bud-bard puck-park mother-father fuss-farce yuck.-yard much-march mug-mark luck-lark .
. An ugly duck was in a funny cup on a sunny Sunday. an ugly duck was in a funny cup. an ugly duck was in a cup. an ugly duck was in a funny cup on Sunday.1) A duck. an ugly duck.
gardens and farms are large and charming.2) Charming. farms are large and charming. . The parks. gardens and farms are large and charming. are large and charming.
some nuts and some honey.1) He bought a cup and some nuts. He bought a cup. . and a brush. some honey. some nuts. He bought a cup.
It’s not far. .2) The dance doesn’t start till half past. Martha. Let´s park the car under the arch by Palmer´s barn.
laugh longest. .He who laughs last.
unlucky in love.Lucky in cards. .
What´s done cannot be undone.
1) Mummies munch much mush.
2) The Queen of Hearts, She made some tarts, All on a summer day.
3) Double bubble gum bubbles double bubbles. .
little star. twinkle.4) Twinkle. . Up above the world so high. How I wonder what you are. twinkle. How I wonder what you are. like a diamond in the sky. Twinkle. little star.
uncle./Λ/ Common u (´short u´) Less common o cup. come young. rough blood. flood ou ough oo Exceptions oe does . mother. us. trouble enough. funny one.
/ɔ/ ./ɑ/ .
/ ɑ/ hot not top pot dot stop Chop flop cost What Doctor Bottle Body Cough Robber Coffee Orange Promise or for four more storm corn door floor horse /ɔ / All Call Salt Awful Autumn daughter Thought Bought board Sounds in contrast Pot-port con-corn cock-cork cop-corp what-wart wop-warp doll-ball lock-lord gone-torn cot-court spot-sport cod-cord fox-forks shot-short not-nought stock-stalk .
Bob’s dog got a hot pot of porridge and some chops. Bob’s dog. Bob’s dog got. . Bob’s dog got a pot. Bob’s dog got a hot pot of porridge.1) Bob. Bob’s dog got a hot pot.
tall boys adore basketball more than football. basketball more than football.2) Football. more than football. Almost all tall boys adore basketball more than football. boys adore basketball more than football. All tall boys adore basketball more than football. . adore basketball more than football.
. I also watch sport on television quite often. I always watch my local football team when they play at the Sport Centre.1) I like watching football. And I go jogging every morning.
It was a holiday job. Last August.2) I’ve got a job in a sports shop at the moment. . I was a hotel porter.
new laws.New Lords. .
The calm before the storm. .
To put the cart before the horse. .
.Honesty is the best policy.
.1) A proper cup of coffee from a proper copper coffee pot.
does the doctor who doctors the doctor doctor the doctor the way the doctor he is doctoring doctors? Or does he doctor the doctor the way the doctor who doctors doctors? .2) If one doctor doctors another doctor.
I’ll give you bread and barley corns. . Snail.3) Snail. put out your horns.
a man of law. to buy his wife a looking glass. sold his bed and lay upon the straw.4) Tommy Trot. sold the straw and slept on grass. .
5) I thought a thought but the thought I thought was not the thought I thought I thought. .
6) Peas porridge hot. Some like it hot. some like it in the pot. . Peas porridge cold. some like it cold. nine days old. Peas porridge in the pot nine days old.
wh. what. qu): Exceptions ow knowledge watch. quantity dog bottle clock ./ɑ/ Common ALL o+ final consonant: ALL o+ double consonant: ock Less common A (after w.
awful horse board daughter . court bought saw. lawn./ɔ/ Common ALL aw MOST or oar au Less common a ar after w. quarter door. water warm. floor four. qu): oor our Ough+ consonant all.
/u/ ./ ʊ / .
/ʊ/ put bush book look could should butcher bully do two loo fool /u/ tooth truth whose juice Sounds in contrast Full-fool Pull-pool Look-luke look – loop cook took foot good pull sugar pudding woolen shoot shoe blue food June screw chew fruit Food-foot Boot-good Cook-cool Took-tool wood wolf wooden woman school who soup through Rook-root Wood-wooed .
a cookery book for good cooks. good cooks.1) Cooks. a good cookery book for good cooks. a book for good cooks. for good cooks. Look! This is a good cookery book for good cooks. .
a school pool. it’s cool! . a blue school pool. Choose a blue school pool. a blue school pool is cool.2) A pool.
we have two cooks. If you could choose just two things for a new cook.1) In the Food Program studio today. They are going to choose Christmas presents for a new cook. what would you choose? .
Every cook could do with a good knife.2) I’d choose a fruit juice maker. . It’s super. And I’d choose a really good butcher knife.
.Fortune favors fools.
Beauty is truth. . truth is beauty.
.An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.
The proof of a pudding is in the eating. .
1) A tutor who tooted a flute Tried to tutor two tooters to toot. Said the two to the tutor: ‚Is it harder to toot or to tutor two tooters to toot?‛ .
.2) Could you cook a gooseberry pudding without putting sugar in.
which caught crooked mouse. and he went a crooked mile. he bought a crooked cat. he found a crooked sixpence against a crooked stile.3) There was a crooked man. and they all lived together in a little crooked house. .
and chuck as much as a woodchuck would if a woodchuck could chuck wood. . as much as he could.4) How much wood would a woodchuck chuck If a woodchuck could chuck wood? He would chuck. he would.
book u put Less common ou could o woman ./ʊ/ Common oo Good.
shoe through Food music chew u (with final e): June. move./u/ Common MANY oo u (long ‘u’) MOST ew Less common o ou do. blue ui juice Exceptions eau beautiful .
/ ɝ/ ./ɔ/ .
/ɝ/ her fir firm bird pert perch girl circus circle world earn early herd search earth murder further purpose /ɔ/ wall hall four jaw lawn autumn Sounds in contrast bird-board turn-torn fur-for Pearl-Paul worm-warm word-ward Purpose-porpoise turtle-tortoise third-thought bird-bought dirty-daughter curse-coarse turn burn hurt were turtle person perfect prefer worse earth learn church warder horse board shore work-walk nurse-north curl-call curd-cord curt-court firm-form .
. Pearl is a circus girl. Pearl is a circus girl who works. Pearl is a circus girl who works with birds.1) A girl. a circus girl. Pearl a circus girl.
her work in a workshop. her work in a dirty workshop was the worst. her work. .2) Her. Her work in a dirty workshop was the worst in the world. her work in a dirty workshop.
1) I’d like to reserve a seat on the ten thirty fight to Birmingham. . on Thursday. My name is Vernon.
I’ll circle the earth – and I’ll return with a superb firm earthworm for my perfect turtledove. .2) I’ll search under the fir trees and the birches.
Her perfume from Germany is perfect.3) Pearl will be thirty next birthday. .
First come. . first served.
Even a worm will turn. .
.It is the early bird that catches the worm.
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. .
.One good turn deserves another.
.A picture is worth a thousand words.
if all the trees were bread and cheese.1) If all the world were paper. what should we do for drink? . and all the sea were ink.
.2) If wishes were horses. then Beggars would ride. if turnips were watches. I would wear one by my side.
.3) Nine nice night nurses nursing nicely.
Happy birthday to you. Happy birthday dear Shirkey. Happy birthday to you! .4) Happy birthday to you.
ur + consonant or stressed at the end of words Less common w + or our ear word. work journey. girl. earth her. ir./ɝ/ Common ALL er. first. church . fir. turn. courtesy learn. verb. prefer. fur.
/e/ ./aɪ/ .
/ e/ say way baby lady by fly /aɪ/ rise idle Sounds in contrast day-die chain-China paper-piper lay-lie play grey name Kate take mail sail angel able bacon today create parade famous die lie kind blind child sign right Bible silent license while rhyme arrive bicycle may-my say-sigh tray-try lain-line pain-pine Kate-kite fail-file main-mine bay-buy way-why wait-white mate-might fate-fight late-light brain ancient time triangle whale-while lake-like .
a famous place for great races. this amazing lake is a famous place for great races. a place for great races. this lake is a famous place for great races. great races. .1) Races. This amazing lake in Wales is a famous place for great races. for great races.
Mike likes spicy pies with fried pike.2) Mike. Mike likes. Mike likes spicy pies. Mike likes spicy pies with pike. Mike likes pies. .
1) I can explain. The Daily Mail came late. There was a breakdown at the printers. And the Daily Telegraph is on strike.
2) Joyce White is going to White Sea for a meeting. She will arrive by train at about nine o’clock.
A stitch in time saves nine.
.Make hay while the sun shines.
Great minds think alike. .
.A cat has nine lives.
.An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
1) Rain. rain. . come again another day. go away.
wake up bright in the morning light to do what´s right with all your might. sleep tight. .2) Good night.
3) Billy. Billy. . come and play. while the sun shines bright today.
4) There was a young lady from Niger who smiled as she rode on a tiger. They returned from the ride with the lady inside and the smile on the face of the tiger. .
paid day./e/ Common a (´long´a): radio. veil they. break eight. away great. favorite a (with final e): MOST ai ALL ay Less common ea ei ey Note: page rain. At the end of words. the spelling is ay and ey. grey ai and eicome at the beginning and in the middle of words. .
light. dye high. sign. write apply./aɪ/ Common i i (with final e): y (stressed): igh blind. neither Exceptions eye ei uy buy. fight eye either. pint five. guy . die. try.
/ɔɪ/ ./aɪ/ .
/aɪ/ by fly die lie kind blind child sign right time rise idle Bible silent license while rhyme arrive bicycle triangle boy toy boil coin join voice noise choice point spoilt /ɔɪ/ enjoy annoy avoid appoint employ destroy royal oyster lawyer rejoice Sounds in contrast buy-boy tie-toy vice-voice pint-point try-Troy giant-joined imply-employ isle-oil bile-boil rice-Royce .
breaking toys. a boy who enjoys breaking toys. Troy is a spoilt noisy boy who enjoys breaking toys. enjoys breaking toys. a spoilt noisy boy who enjoys breaking toys.Toys. . a noisy boy who enjoys breaking toys.
1) Hi. I have ninety-nine pages to type by Friday. . Mike! I’m busy typing.
. Perhaps you´ve spoilt the motor or even destroyed it.2) Look. Roy! The water’s boiling. A Rolls Royce isn’t a toy.
.Out of sight. out of mind.
.The blind leading the blind.
.Variety is a spice of life.
Great minds think alike. .
Let bygones be bygones. .
1) Roy is a boy. . Roy’s got a lot of toys. Roy’s got a toy.
2) Why do you cry. why. Willy? Why. why? . Willy. Willy. Willy? Why do you cry? Why.
3) Nine nice night nurses nursing nicely. .
.4) What noise annoys a noisy oyster? A noisy noise annoys a noisy oyster.
. When a night’s light.5) You’ve no need to light a night-light on a light night like tonight. for a night-light’s light’s a slight light. and tonight´s a night that’s light. it is really not quite right to light night-lights with their slight lights on a light night like tonight. like tonight’s light.
dye high. sign. light. neither buy. try. fight eye ei uy eye either. guy eye . write y (stressed): igh Less common eye apply. pint five./aɪ/ Common i i (with final e): blind. die.
enjoy . rejoice toy./ɔɪ/ Common ALL oi oy Note oi comes at the beginning and in the middle of words. boil. the spelling is oy. At the end of words.
/o/ ./aʊ/ .
/aʊ/ how now cow brown town house out owl loud towel vowel bowel about south mouth round sound trouser so go toe old told hope rose row own /o/ boat load coat coast note know folk whole control Sounds in contrast now-know gown-goal town-tone owl-old rouse-rose loud-load about-boat row-row how-hole .
A brown cow now lives in a round house. Wow! A brown cow now lives in a round house in a town! . A brown cow now lives in a round house in a town. a brown cow. a brown cow now. a brown cow now lives in a house.1) A cow.
the road below. the road below goes. We are very close to our home. The road below goes from Rome. The road below goes from Rome to the coast. .2) The road. The road below goes from Rome to the south coast.
. Howard! It’s a brown mountain owl! It’s worth about a thousand pounds down in the town.1) Wow.
and he roped it to the boat. So the postman sold him an old motor mower. .2) They told the boatman rowing would be too slow.
leave it out.When in doubt. .
To make a mountain out of a molehill .
To be out and about .
To be down and out .
Out of sight. out of mind .
please. . Pussy. come out of your house.says the mouse. I won’t leave my little house.1) Little mouse. little mouse. No. .
2) Charley Brown had a cow. Charley Brown’s old cow. . open the gate and let her out. black and white about the brow.
towel . out./aʊ/ Common ou ow house. how. ground brown.
/o/ Common ALL air MOST are chair care ary Less common ow ou Mary SOME o in the middle of words: cold. both low shoulder .
It is fully relaxed and very short. In fact.(‘SCHWA’ – the only sound that has a name) This is a very important sound in English. though you might actually call it a non-sound. . it is so short that it sometimes hardly exists at all! Remember that ‘schwa’ is only used for unstressed syllables.
about among ago combine actor China danger company dozen adventure occasion Scotland servant future generous lesson
confuse potato police father
driver extra motor hospital
human husband often mother
baker butcher cotton thorough
better biology conductor thorough
Thə next morning, when Barbərə woke up it wəs six o’clock ənd his brothərs ənd sistərs wə still əsleep. Barbərə lookəd ət thəm, ənd closed hə eyes əgain. Then she quiətly got out əf bed ənd started to pack hə suitcase. She took səme comfətəble clothes out əf thə cup bəd.
Nature is the best healer.
Necessity is the mother of invention. .
Here today. gone tomorrow .
.Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
.Never do today what you can get someone else to do tomorrow.
An Englishman’s home is his castle. .
the baker. they all jumped over a rotten potato! . the butcher.1) Rub-a-dub dub. the candlestick-maker. three men in a tub.
Earth. . and every customer takes two pairs. with four elements all together. Air. Water. Fire.2) A shoemaker makes shoes without leather.
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