NANO TECHNOLOGY

Definition
Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale. This covers both current work and concepts that are more advanced. In its original sense, 'nanotechnology' refers to the projected ability to construct items from the bottom up, using techniques and tools being developed today to make complete, high performance products.

Nanotech Facts
Think small. Think really, really small—smaller than anything you ever saw through a microscope at school. Think atoms and molecules, and now you’re there. You’re down at the Nanoscale, where scientists are learning about these fundamental components of matter and are putting them to use in beneficial ways. It’s a relatively new area of science that has generated excitement worldwide. Working at the Nanoscale, scientists today are creating new tools, products and technology to address some of the world’s biggest challenges, including • Clean, secure affordable energy • Stronger, lighter, more durable materials • Low-cost filters to provide clean drinking water

Putting Nanotechnology to Use
Now researchers have a much clearer picture of how to create nanoscale materials with properties never envisioned before. Products using nanoscale materials now available:

• Anti-bacterial wound dressings use nanoscale silver.
• •

• Cosmetics and food producers are “nano-sizing” some

ingredients, claiming that improves their effectiveness. Sunscreens containing nanoscale titanium dioxide or zinc oxide are transparent and reflect ultraviolet (UV) light to prevent sunburns. Scratch- and glare-resistant coatings are being applied to eye glasses, windows, and car mirrors.

Drug-Delivery Techniques
Dendrimers are a type of nanostructure that can be precisely designed and manufactured for a wide variety of applications, including treatment of cancer and other diseases. Dendrimers carrying different materials on their branches can do several things at one time, such as recognizing diseased cells, diagnosing disease states (including cell death), drug delivery, reporting location , and reporting outcomes of therapy.

Water-Filtration Techniques
Researchers are experimenting with carbon nanotube-based membranes for water desalination and nanoscale sensors to identify contaminants in water systems. Other nanoscale materials that have great potential to filter and purify water include nanoscale titanium dioxide, which is used in sunscreens and which has been shown to neutralize bacteria, including E. coli, in water.

Society & Safety
Responsible development of nanotechnology entails research toward understanding the public health and safety and environmental implications of nanotechnology, as well as research toward promising, highly beneficial uses of the technology. Such an approach recognizes the value of supporting basic research to develop nanotechnology as well as research to address environmental, health, and safety concerns related to the use of nanotechnology.

Funding Opportunities
• Large industry currently supports about half of
the R&D in nanotechnology in the U.S.—about $2 billion per year. The other half comes from small business and investors, as well as Federal, state and local governments.

• Federal research grants are defined and awarded
by individual government departments and agencies, in accordance with their respective missions

Research Centers
The centre enables science and industry by providing essential measurement method, instrumentation and standards to support all faces of nano technology development from discovery to production. What we do?

• Staff directory. • Publication and many more.

Research centre for functional and nano materials(CFN)

Nanotech Centre For NanoScale Science And Technology(NIST)

BIBLIOGRAPHY
• www.google.com • www.cnst.nist.gov • www.nano.gov/html/centers/home_centers • www.nano.gov/html/facts/home_facts

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