Combating Exploitive Child Labor

Bidders Meeting
U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking (OCFT) June 14, 2007
Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Education… … an opportunity every child deserves

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

What is the Magnitude of the Problem?
The ILO estimates that there were 191 million children 5-14 years working in 2004.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

USDOL’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs Organizational Chart
Office of the Deputy Under Secretary

Office of Trade and Labor Affairs (OTLA)

Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking (OCFT)

Office of International Relations (OIR)

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

OCFT

Addressing the Worst Forms of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Brief History of USDOL-OCFT
• • 1993: Congress requests that DOL conduct research and report on child labor around the world. 1995: ILAB begins funding technical cooperation projects through the International Labor Organization’s International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (ILO-IPEC). 2001: ILAB launches its Child Labor Education Initiative (EI)—promoting educational alternatives to child labor.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Brief History of USDOL-OCFT
• • • 2005: ILAB receives new mandate under the TVPRA 2005 to monitor and report on forced labor and child labor. 2006: ICLP is renamed the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT). Through 2007, ILAB appropriations to combat child labor internationally total over $590 million.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

OCFT Areas of Action
Research and Policy Raising Awareness
Goal: To Eliminate WFCL, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking

Technical Assistance

in the United States and internationally

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

At A Glance:
Domestic A Decade of USDOL-funded Child Labor Technical Cooperation Projects
(1995-2006)

2.6 million 7 projects
LATIN AMERICA/ CARIBBEAN

ASIA

124 million; 49 projects; 19 countries
AFRICA

125 million; 42 projects; 16 countries

145 million; 48 projects; 32 countries

MIDDLE EAST/ EUROPE 39

million; 14 projects; 12 countrie s

GLOBAL 65 million; 34 projects

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Who are our Customers?
• Children at-risk of or engaged in the WFCL. • Parents of these children who often rely on the income earned by their child. • Organizations overseas responsible for policy, law enforcement, and provision of services to combat child labor.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

What do our Customers need?
Children and Families • Basic services and income generating alternatives (IGA) • Access to schooling and vocational training that is of high quality and relevant to their lives • Accountable governments that promote policies to protect children and enforce child labor and compulsory education laws Organizations • Increased capacity to address child labor issues through programs, policies and laws.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Factors we consider in selecting target countries?
• The nature and extent of exploitive child labor in a country; • Are there critical gaps we can fill? – In efforts to combat the WFCL, – To help children access quality education & training; • U.S. Government Foreign Policy Interests: – Supporting the labor component of free trade agreements – Efforts to address human trafficking and forced labor;
Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Factors we consider in selecting target countries?
• Evidence of government commitment to eliminate WFCL – Ratification of relevant ILO Conventions, – National action plans for children, – Stated government commitment to provide support efforts to combat the WFCL; • Likelihood of sustainability.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Steps in OCFT’s Obligation of Child Labor Funds
b) c) d) e) f) g) Meeting with Foreign Ambassadors; Exchange of Letters between governments; Notice of Intent in Federal Register; SGA published in Federal Register and Grants.gov; Review of proposals; and Awards by September 30th.

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide

Thank You!

Working to eliminate the worst forms of child labor worldwide