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WORK STUDY,METHOD STUDY & WORK MEASUREMENT

BY-YASH MBA 2nd SEM.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

WORK STUDY
It is a systematic and analytical study of work process and work methods with the objective of increasing efficiency and reducing costs. Work study helps to reduce waste through standardization of qualitative and quantitative element of VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS job.

OBJECTIVES –
Provide more and improved physical means to motivate the workers. Improve the basic process by research and development. Improve the methods of operation. Improve manpower efficiency at all levels.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

PROCEDURE1. SELECT: The job or the process or the operation to be studied. 2. RECORD: All relevant facts about the job or process or operation using suitable charting techniques. 3. EXAMINE: Critically all the recorded facts, questioning the purpose, place, sequence, person and the means of doing the operation.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

4. •

• • •

DEVELOP:The new method for the operation. MEASURE:The work content and establish the standard time using an appropriate work measurement technique. DEFINE:The new method for the operation. INSTALL:The new method as standard practice. MAINTAIN:The new method for the operation

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

BENEFITSIncreased productivity and operational efficiency. Reduced manufacturing costs. Improved work place layout. Better manpower planning and capacity planning. Fair wages to employees. Improved work flow. Basis for sound incentive schemes.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

TECHNIQUESWORK STUDY Method Study Work Manageme
Select Record Examine Develop Install Maintain Select Record Analyze Measure Compile Define

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

METHOD STUDY
It may be understood as the systematic recording and critical examination of existing and proposed ways of doing working, as a means of developing and applying easier and more effective method and reducing costs.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

OBJECTIVESTo study the existing/proposed method of doing any operation. To develop an improved method to improve productivity and to reduce operating costs. To reduce excessive materials handling or movement and thereby reduce fatigue of workmen. To improve utilization of resources.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

To eliminate wasteful and inefficient motions. To standardize work methods, machinery, working conditions and tools.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

PROCEDURE1. SELECT: The job or the process or the operation to be studied and define the objectives to be achieved by method study. 2. RECORD: All relevant facts about to the existing method using suitable techniques. 3. EXAMINE: Critically all the recorded facts, questioning the purpose, place, sequence, person and the means of doing the operation.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

DEVELOP: The improved method

by generating several alternatives and selecting the best method. • INSTALL: The improved new method in three phases planning, arranging & implementing phases. 6. MAINTAIN: The new method by ensuring that the installed method is functioning well.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

BENEFITSImproved layout of office, working area or factory. Improved use of material, plant, equipment & manpower.  most effective handling of material. Improved safety standards. Better working conditions. Improved flow of work.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

WORK MEASUREMENT
The application of techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

OBJECTIVESTo determine the standard cost and as an aid in preparing budgets. To balance the crew activities of those jobs requiring several workers. To determine schedule and planning work. To determine the effectiveness of machine. To make cost estimates of new products.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

To balance production lines for new products. To determine time standards. To establish supervisory objectives.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

PROCEDUREII.Break the job into elements. III.Record the observed time for each element by time study. IV.Establish elemental time values. V.Assess relaxation allowance for personal needs and mental fatigue and physical. VI.Add the relaxation allowance time to the normal time for each element.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

1. Determine the frequency of occurrences of each element in the job. 2. Add contingency allowance, if any, to arrive at the standard time to do the job.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

BENEFITSIt serves as a basis for methods analysis by comparing the efficiency of alternative work methods. It is helpful in balancing the work of different workers. It provides information on the basis of which estimates for tenders, selling prices and delivery schedules may be prepared.

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

VIDYA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS