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Transfer Function
Nur Farhana Hayazi School of Materials Engineering UniMAP Date: 21 March 2013

OUTLINE
1.

Transfer Function of a Control System

2.
3.

Transfer Function
Discuss on how to determine the H(s) or G(s)

Transfer Function of a Control System


Process
Typically,

a system (process) has one or more inputs and one output, which can be represented by a block, as shown in Figure below. Inputs Output

PROCESS

Typical representation of the process


In

the case of a process description/model, the concept input is closely connected with the concept output. what enters input and what exits is called output.
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Here,

What is Transfer Function?


A transfer function is a mathematical relationship between the output of a control system and its input: for a linear system. is the Laplace transform of the output divided by the Laplace transform of the input under conditions of zero initial-energy storage. function is a mathematical representation of the relation between the input and output of a LTI (Linear Time-Invariant) system.

It

A transfer

+ What is Transfer Function

(Cont.)
If

the complex Laplace variable is s, then we generally denote the transfer function of a system as either G(s) or H(s). If the system input is X(s), and the system output is Y(s), then the transfer function can be defined as such:

X(s)
G(s)

G(s) / H(s)

Y(s)

relationship in a transfer function by a block-diagram representation

or H(s) = symbol for transfer function X(s) = transform of forcing function or input variable, arrow entering the box Y(s) = transform of response or output variable, arrow leaving the box
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+ What is Transfer Function

(Cont.)
Transfer

function G(s) or H(s) = Response or output / Forcing or input = Y (s) / X (s)

If

we know the input to a given system, and we have the transfer function of the system, we can solve for the system output by multiplying input and transfer function Transfer Function Description Forcing or input Step function Impulse response Sinusoidal response

Laplace transform pairs.

Time domain: f(t)= -1{F(s)} Laplace domain: F(s) = {f(t)} a (constant) at (ramp) e-at (exponential) sin (at) cos (at) 1/s a/s2 1/(s + a) a/(s2 + a2) s/(s2 + a2)
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Time Domain Linearity Function 1st Derivative f( t) + g ( t) x ( t) x'(t) Frequency Domain

2nd Derivative nth Derivative

x"(t) x n( t)

+ Additional notes/example on using Partial Fraction Expansion


Invert

the following transform into f(t)

5s 16 F(s) 2 ( s 2) ( s 5)

Solution:A B C F(s) = + + 2 (s + 2) (s + 2) (s + 5) A = 2, B = 1, C = -1
Inverse Laplace Transform f(t) = 2te-2 t +1e-2 t - 1e-5t for t 0
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+ Continued
Common

error

Some may expand

5s + 16 F(s) = (s + 2)2 (s + 5)

as

A B F(s) = + 2 (s + 2) s + 5

This is not valid in general. It should be expanded as

A B C F(s) = + + 2 (s + 2) s + 2 s + 5
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