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Harmonised System of Certification & Survey

Objective- To Generate a Simple, Flexible System

HARMONISED SURVEY &

CERTIFICATION SYSTEM

The shipping industry has been concerned about the revenue lost when ships are

taken out of service for surveys to take place.

BENEFITS OF THE

HARMONISED SYSTEM

The main advantage of the system is to bring commercial benefits in terms of the

flexibility of the survey schedule in allowing surveys to fit-in with the working

life of the vessel.

Other benefits include a reduction in the number of surveyors, survey time and

paper work, thus cutting costs & increasing profits.

PROVISIONS OF THE HSSC

A one year standard renewal between surveys.

Renewal surveys may be completed within 3 months of the expiry date of the certificate without affecting its period of validity. If an extension is granted then the new certificate will be dated from the date of expiry of the previous one.

Certificates for cargo ships will be valid for 5 years.

Surveys required to keep certificates valid

may be held with +/- 3 months of the

survey date.

There is some flexibility as regards to surveys.

The maximum validity of a Passenger Ship Safety certificate is one year.

CHANGES UNDER THE

HARMONISED SYSTEM

No more unscheduled inspections. Mandatory annual inspections instead.

• Ship’s bottom to be expected at least twice

in 5 years. Interval between inspections not more than 3 years.

There is a provision for a combined Cargo Ship Certificate.

ALL CERTIFICATES ARE

VALIDATED AS FOLLOWS

RENEWAL

Checks that everything covered by a certificate is in a satisfactory condition.

PERIODICAL (Radio)

Checks that the items covered in the Renewal Survey are still satisfactory.

INTERMEDIATE

Looks at special items in depth to ensure that they remain satisfactory.

ANNUAL

General inspection to ensure that items remain in a satisfactory condition.

ADDITIONAL An inspection made after major repairs.

Commercial Advantages

Commercial Advantages

Commercial Advantages Commercial Advantages Increased Profits Cost Reduction Revenue Increase Administration At Sea for Longer Easier

Increased Profits

Commercial Advantages Commercial Advantages Increased Profits Cost Reduction Revenue Increase Administration At Sea for Longer Easier

Cost Reduction

Revenue Increase

Administration At Sea for Longer Easier Planning Earning Freight Less Paperwork Lower Taxes
Administration
At Sea for Longer
Easier Planning
Earning Freight
Less Paperwork
Lower Taxes

Harmonised System of

Certification & Survey

SOLAS / MARPOL / LOADLINE

Certificates Under HSSC

  • 1. Passenger Ship Safety Certificate;

  • 2. Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate;

  • 3. Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate;

  • 4. Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate;

  • 5. International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate;

  • 6. International sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate

  • 7. International Noxious Liquid Substances Prevention Certificate;

  • 8. International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate

  • 9. International Load Line Certificate;

    • 10. International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk; and

    • 11. International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.

A maximum period of validity of 5 years for all certificates for cargo ships. • A maximum period of validity of 12 months for the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

there is a “time window” of 6 months, from 3 months

before to 3 months after the anniversary date of the

certificate for annual, intermediate and periodical surveys.

The principal changes to the survey and certification requirements of SOLAS 74/88 resulting from implementation of the HSSC are as follows:

1. Unscheduled inspections are no longer included and annual surveys are mandatory for cargo ships.

  • 2. Intervals between periodical surveys of equipment covered by the Cargo Ship

Safety Equipment Certificate are alternatively at intervals of two and three years

instead of two years.

  • 3. Intermediate surveys are required for all ships under the Cargo Ship Safety

Construction Certificate.

  • 4. Inspections of the outside of the ship’s bottom are required for all cargo

ships.

  • 5. Intermediate surveys for the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate are held

within 3 months of either the second or third anniversary date.

  • 6. All cargo ship certificates may be issued for any period of validity up to 5 years.

  • 7. There is a provision for a Cargo Ship Safety Certificate.

  • 8. The extension provisions have been reduced from 5 months to 3 months to

enable a ship to complete its voyage and the extension for one month for a period of grace is limited to ships engaged on short voyages.

Under the HSSC, there are seven types of survey:

  • a) Initial Survey.

  • b) Renewal Survey.

  • c) Periodical Survey.

  • d) Intermediate Survey.

  • e) Annual Survey.

  • f) Inspection of the Outside of the Ships Bottom.

  • g) Additional Survey.

Types of Survey- Page 105

Decreased Rigor Additional Annual Intermediate Periodical Renewal
Decreased
Rigor
Additional
Annual
Intermediate
Periodical
Renewal

surveys under the HSSC as follows:

An initial survey is a complete inspection before a ship is put into service of all the items relating to a particular certificate to ensure that the relevant requirements are complied with and that these items are satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended. A periodical survey is an inspection of (all) the items relating to the particular certificate to ensure that they are in a satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended. A renewal survey is the same as a periodical survey but also leads to the issue of a new certificate.

An intermediate survey is an inspection of specified items relevant to the particular certificate to ensure that they are in a satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended. An annual survey is a general inspection of the items relating to the particular certificate to ensure that they have been maintained and remain satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended. An inspection of the outside of the ship’s bottom is an inspection of the underwater part of the ship and related items to ensure that they are in a satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended. An additional survey is an inspection, either general or partial according to the circumstances, to be made after a repair resulting from investigations or whenever any important repairs or renewals are made. * The scope of each of these surveys (i.e. the particular items surveyed, inspected and/or tested) depends on whether the ship is a passenger ship or a cargo ship, and is described in MSN 1751

Years

Month

Pass

Radio

SAFCON

SAFEQUI

P

IGC/GC

IBC/BCH

LOAD

LINE

Annex1

Annex 2

0

0

.

1

9 12

Ren.

Per

An

An

An

An

An

An

An

 

2

3

15

21 24 27

33 36 39

Ren.

Ren.

Per

Per

An/Int

Int/An

An/Per

Per/An

An/Int

Int/An

An/Int

Int/An

An

An

An/Int

Int/An

An/int

Int/An

4

5

45 48 51

57 60 63

Ren.

Ren

Per

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

An

Ren

INTERNATIONAL AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION CERTIFICATE

Initial surveys

Annual surveys

Intermediate surveys Renewal surveys

INTERNATIONAL SEWAGE

POLLUTION PREVENTION

CERTIFICATE

Initial surveys

Renewal survey

Summary of Main Points

Ship’s

Bottom Inspected Twice In 5 years

No Unscheduled PSSC Inspections Survey Renewal Flexibility 1 Yr Harmonised Surveys Validity System 1 Yr Of
No
Unscheduled
PSSC
Inspections
Survey
Renewal
Flexibility
1 Yr
Harmonised
Surveys
Validity
System
1 Yr
Of CS Certs
+/- 3m
3 Month
Extension
5 Yrs
Combined
CS Safety
Cert