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The colleague – and old stats professor – will only sell a van to those who can answer the following question: The -2 SD sales price for one of these vans is set at $550; and +2 SD sales price is set at $1100. He will not say if the distribution of sales prices is normal. What is the minimum number of vans for sale between $550 and $1100? (A) 500 (B) 680 (C) 750 (D) 800 (E) 950

0001v01

A colleague has collected 1000 old VW vans for resale. The colleague – and old stats professor – will only sell a van to those who can answer the following question: The -2 SD sales price for one of these vans is set at $550; and +2 SD sales price is set at $1100. He tells you the distribution of sales prices is approximately normal. What is the expected number of vans for sale between $550 and $1100? (A) 500 (B) 680 (C) 750 (D) 800 (E) 950

0002v02

Which of the following is the correct general formula for the probability of r choices out of n trials in a binomial situation where the probability of success is p? (A) (B) r! p (1 - p ) (C) n! p (1 - p ) n! (D) r! p (1 - p ) n! (E) r!(n - r )! p (1 - p ) n! (F) r!(n - r )! p (1 - p )

r n- r r n- r r n- r r n- r

n- r

r

probranv0015v01

Suppose a family is randomly selected from among all families with 3 children. What is the probability that the family has exactly one boy? You may assume that Pr(boy) = Pr(girl) for each birth. (A) 1/8 (B) 1/6 (C) 1/3 (D) 3/8 (E) 1/2 (F) 5/6 (G) 7/8 0017v01

Suppose a family is randomly selected from among all families with 4 children. What is the probability that the family has exactly two boys? You may assume that Pr(boy) = Pr(girl) for each birth. (A) 1/16 (B) 1/6 (C) 1/24 (D) 3/8 (E) 1/2

0018v01

A recent article in the Oklahoma Daily suggested that marijuana is a gateway drug for harder drug use. Suppose we have the following "facts". When asked, 90% of current "hard drug" users admit previously using marijuana; 40% of the general population admit using marijuana at some point during their lives; and 20% of the general population admit to using "hard drugs" at some point in their life. Given these three facts, what is the conditional probability of "hard drug" use given prior marijuana usage? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 0.16 0.20 0.25 0.45 0.90 0051v01

A recent article in the Oklahoma Daily suggested that marijuana is a gateway drug for harder drug use. The following fact – which we will take as accurate - was used to support their argument: 9 out of 10 of "hard drug" users have previously used marijuana. Additionally, the newspaper also reported that 4 out of every 10 persons in the general population have admitted using marijuana and that 2 out of 10 persons in the general population have admitted partaking of “harder” drugs. You now find out that one of your children has used marijuana. What is the probability of your child subsequently using some “hard drug” based on the information presented above? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 0.16 0.20 0.25 0.45 0.90 0052v01

Which of the following is an example of an empirical probability? (A) p (observing a tail on a coin flip) = 1/2 (B) p(selecting a female in Math 101) = 85/124 (C) p(drawing an Ace from a deck of cards) = 1/13 (D) p(having a blue-eyed child) = .25

0053v01

If math teachers constitute 5% of the population and tell the truth 82% of the time, and all non-math teachers tell the truth 72% of the time, what is the probability (expressed as a percentage) that a randomly selected teacher will tell the truth? (A) (B) (C) (D) 78.0% 72.5% 81.5% 74.0%

0054v01

A cab was involved in a hit and run accident at night. Only two cab companies, the Transporter and the Rock, operate in the city. You are given the following data: a) 85% of the cabs in the city are Transporters and 15% are Rocks. . b) A witness identified the cab as a Rock,. The court tested the reliability of the witness under the same circumstances that existed on the night of the accident and concluded that the witness correctly identified each one of the two cabs 80% of the time and failed 20% of the time. What is the probability that the cab involved in the accident was indeed a Rock? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 0.75 0.41 0.27 0.63 0.80 0055v01

Assume that two events A and B are independent events. Which of the following statements is false? (A) (B) (C) (D) p(A and B) = p(A)*p(B) p(B|A) = [ p(A|B)*p(B) ] / p(A|B) A and B are mutually exclusive events. p(A|B)*p(B|A) = p(A and B)

0056v01

Consider a standard 52-card deck, with four suits (♥,♦, ♠, ♣), 13 cards per suit (2-10, J, Q, K, A). Define an event space on the standard deck such that it consists of 52 simple outcomes, one for each card in the deck. Which of the following is a true statement? (A) Black is not an event. (B) Black is an event with 1 outcome. (C) Black is an event with 26 outcomes. (D) Black is an event with 52 outcomes. (E) None of the above is true. 0057v01

Consider a standard 52-card deck, with four suits (♥,♦, ♠, ♣), 13 cards per suit (2-10, J, Q, K, A). Define an event space on the standard deck such that it consists of two compound outcomes: black cards and red cards. Which of the following is a true statement? (A) Black is not an event. (B) Black is an event with 1 outcome. (C) Black is an event with 26 outcomes. (D) Black is an event with 52 outcomes. (E) None of the above is true. 0058v01

Consider a standard 52-card deck, with four suits (♥,♦, ♠, ♣), 13 cards per suit (2-10, J, Q, K, A). Define an event space on the standard deck such that it contains only hearts and diamonds. Which of the following is a true statement? (A) Black is not an event. (B) Black is an event with 1 outcome. (C) Black is an event with 26 outcomes. (D) Black is an event with 52 outcomes. (E) None of the above is true. 0059v01

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