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Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering

ground
N. Sivakugan
SIVA

Duration: 11 min 56 s

Typical Geotechnical Project


Geo-Laboratory ~ for testing

soil properties

Design Office ~ for design & analysis

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Shallow Foundations
~ for transferring building loads to underlying ground ~ mostly for firm soils or light loads

firm ground

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bed rock

Shallow Foundations

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Deep Foundations
~ for transferring building loads to underlying ground ~ mostly for weak soils or heavy loads

P I L E

weak soil

bed rock
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Deep Foundations

Driven timber piles, Pacific Highway


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Retaining Walls
~ for retaining soils from spreading laterally

retaining wall
Road Train

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Earth Dams
~ for impounding water

reservoir

clay core

shell

soil

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Concrete Dams

reservoir

concrete dam

soil

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Concrete Dams

Three Gorges Dam, Hong Kong


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Concrete Dams

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Earthworks
~ preparing the ground prior to construction

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Roadwork, Pacific Highway

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Construction hazard
~ an unwelcome visitor at an earthwork site.

What does it have to do with Geo?#!

A dead Anaconda python (courtesy: J. Brunskill)


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Geofabrics
~ used for reinforcement, separation, filtration and drainage in roads, retaining walls, embankments

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Geofabrics used on Pacific Highway

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Reinforced Earth Walls


~ using geofabrics to strengthen the soil

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Soil Nailing
~ steel rods placed into holes drilled into the walls and grouted

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Sheet Piles
~ sheets of interlockingsteel or timber driven into the ground, forming a continuous sheet

warehouse

ship

sheet pile

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Sheet Piles
~ resist lateral earth pressures

~ used in excavations, waterfront structures, ..

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Sheet Piles
~ used in temporary works

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Sheet Piles
~ interlocking sections

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Cofferdam
~ sheet pile walls enclosing an area, to prevent water seeping in

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Landslides

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Shoring
propping and supporting the exposed walls to resist lateral earth pressures

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Tunneling

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Blasting

For ore recovery in mines

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Ground Improvement

Impact Roller to Compact the Ground


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Ground Improvement

Sheepsfoot Roller to Compact Clay Soils


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Ground Improvement

Smooth-wheeled Roller
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Ground Improvement
Big weights dropped from 25 m, compacting the ground.

Craters formed in compaction


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Environmental Geomechanics

Waste Disposal in Landfills


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Instrumentation
~ to monitor the performances of earth and earth supported structures ~ to measure loads, pressures, deformations, strains,

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Soil Testing

Cone Penetration Test Truck Lavarach Barracks, Townsville


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Soil Testing

Vane Shear Test


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Standard Penetration Test

More Field Tests

Soil Testing

Triaxial Test on Soil Sample in Laboratory


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Soil Testing

Variety of Field Testing Devices


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Soil Testing
Purdue University, USA

Being Pushed around by my Supervisors


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Typical Safety Factors


Type of Design Safety Factor Probability of Failure

Earthworks

1.3-1.5

1/500 1/1500 1/5000

Retaining 1.5-2.0 structures Foundations 2.0-3.0

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Some unsung heroes of Civil Engineering

foundations

soil exploration tunneling

buried right under your feet.


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Great Contributors to the Developments in Geotechnical Engineering

Karl Terzaghi 1883-1963

C.A.Coulomb 1736-1806

WJM Rankine 1820-1872

Sivas teacher in USA deserves gold frame

A.Casagrande 1902-1981

L. Bjerrum 1918-1973

A.W.Skempton 1914-

G.F.Sowers 1921-1996

G.A. Leonards 1921-1997

Geotechnical Engineering Landmarks

Leaning Tower of Pisa


Our blunders become monuments!

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Hoover Dam, USA

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Tallest (221 m) concrete dam

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Petronas Tower, Malaysia

Tallest building in the world


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Monuments

and.

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Geo-engineering at JCU
CS2005 Geo-engineering I

CS3002 Geo-engineering I

CS4001 Geo-engineering I

Postgrad MEngSc/PhD

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Practicals
~ five practical sessions

~ closed footwear must be worn in the lab

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Laboratory Staff

Neville Hines & Rudd Rankine


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Quizzes
How?

about 4-6, 50 minutes each open book


to reinforce main points provides a wake up call form of assessment

Why?

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Past CS2005 Grades


1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 HD D C P PN X 5 4 15 12 6 12 0 1 2 12 8 0 10 0 33 1 3 6 8 2 12 3 35 3 2 7 6 4 14 3 39 3 9 7 10 1 9 3 42 0 6 2 8 5 13 1 35
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Some Suggestions
Attend the lectures.
It takes longer to understand from the lecture notes

Develop a good feel for the subject.


It is practical, interesting and makes lot of sense.
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Some Suggestions

Work in groups.
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Some Suggestions

Thou shall not wait till the last minute.


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Exams

My mama always said, Exam is like a box of chocolates; you never know what you are gonna get

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