Educational Technology

Quality of Education through

MELJUN CORTES

Evolving Concept of Educational Technology
Educational technology is not to be confused with electronic gadgetry - Essentially, it is a rational, problemsolving approach to education, a way of thinking sceptically and systematically about learning and teaching (Rowntree 1982:1)

Technology in Education and Technology of Education
Educational technology is composed of at least two over-lapping subsets; technology in education and technology of education  The tools-education, sometimes known as the hardware approach to educational, but more commonly known under the title audio/visual aids or instructional media, may be thought of as technology in education.

Technology in Education and Technology of Education
Whereas, the educational application of knowledge from the behavioral sciences, such as psychology, forms the basis of a technology of education.

- (Spencer 1991:11)

Technology of Education
Educational Technology - is the development, application and evaluation of systems, techniques and aids to improve the process of human learning
(Lucido, 1997)

Meaning of

- is a systematic way of designing, implementing and evaluating the total learning and teaching in terms of specific objectives based on research in human learning and communication;

Educational Technology
and employing a combination of human and non-human resources to bring about more effective instruction
(Commission on Instructional Tech, USA: cited by Lucido, 1997)

Meaning of

Simply stated, educational technology is the application of the results of researchers and studies, material or nonmaterial to improve teaching and learning.

Educational Technology
Increasing the quality of learning or the degree of mastery  Decreasing the time taken for learners to obtain desired learning objectives  Increasing the efficiency of teachers in terms of numbers of learning taught without reducing the quality of learning  Reducing educational cost without affecting educational quality

Roles of

Educational Technology
In developing a technology of education, ideas and practices will be drawn from different fields, such as: psychology, sociology, business management and systems analysis combined with developments in more technical fields such as optics, reprographics, acoustics and micro-electronics in order to produce the optimum teaching-learning system.

Roles of

Educational Technology
To enhance the teaching and learning I process for both the teacher and learners. Good education sees teaching and learning as interdependent activities. While the teacher instructs, the learner communicates back what he/she has learned and the teacher, in turn, learns for the experiences of learners.

Aims of

Educational Technology
1. Arouse and sustain the interest and I attention of the pupils/students to learn. 2.Concretize abstract concepts/ideas to promote meaningful learning. 3.Makes learning more permanent because of the rich experiences that they provide. 4.Provide self-activities for independent learning. 5.Increase vocabulary by eliminating verbalism.

Contributions of

Educational Technology
I 6. Develop continuity of thought.

Contributions of

7. Increase the quality of learning while decreasing the time spent. 8. Check pupil preparedness. 9. Make learning more interactive, hence learning is improved.

Guidelines in the selection of

Instructional Materials

I

1.Size – is the material (text or picture)big enough to be seen by the farthest pupil? 2.Color – is the material colorful? Is the choice of colors life-like and harmonious? 3.Durability – can the material stand several uses? Can it be used over and over again? 4.Economy – is the material worth its cost?

Guidelines in the selection of

Instructional Materials

5. Easy to handle – is the material light and I easy to manipulate. Is it easy to put up and the store for future use? 6. Relevance – is the material up to date? Is it related to the lesson in particular and to the specific needs, problems and experiences of the target clientele? 7. Novelty – does the material possess and element of newness? Can it arouse curiosity and a sense of discovery in the learners?

The Role of Educational Technology in the
st 21

Century

Three current trends that may point the way to the nature of teaching and learning in the future. open university

I 1.Student-centered approach to learning –
2.Teaching Higher Cognitive and NonCognitive Skills- Is an ever widening realization that there is more to education than teaching basics facts (simulation, case
studies)

3.The Spread of New Information Technology – microcomputer become progressively
cheaper

Technology and Dehumanization
Can technology dehumanize society? Human Mechanization - is described by some as the process by which people I are treated mechanically, that is without giving thought to what is going on inside them. Six Ways that Human beings are treated mechanically: 1. We turn them on and off whatever it suits our fancy. 2.No explanation is offered on why and what they do. 3.Their plans and future are unheard. 4.All work and no play. 5.Their human worth is judged only by quality of their products. 6.Human empathy is absent.

Technology and Dehumanization
I
Meanwhile, the teacher-communicator can introduce humanism by: 1. Interaction between communicators/teacher and listener/student. 2. Self evaluation or reflection by listener/student. 3. Dialogue or interchange between communicator and listener. 4. Regular meeting and consultations.

Enrichment Activity:
Recall, discuss and evaluate your learning experiences during your elementary or high I school grades, such as learning Arithmetic, History, Social Studies etc. - Did you enjoy or dislike the subject matter? - What contributed to your liking/disliking the subjects? - Did the subject really contribute to your growth or to making you a more mature educated person? - What elements were lacking in Phil. Education in general?

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