Teknologi Informasi & Komunikasi: Prospek dan Tantangan Pada Bidang Teknik

Oleh Boko Susilo Dikti-Program Detasering Kuliah Umum Teknik Sipil– ITM 13 Juli 2012

Prolog
Out of the box thinking

ICT
Improve check-in efficiency

Manfaat Komputer di Bidang Teknik
• Membantu perhitungan-perhitungan yang sulit dan memerlukan presisi tinggi. • Melakukan simulasi, sebelum menguji hasil penemuan:
– Membuat model reactor nuklir – Membuat model-model atom dan molekul.

• Mempelajari keadaan struktur tanah, keadaan angin, cuaca dan sebagainya. • Mengira presisi dan kekuatan pembinaan bangunan, bidang seni. • Untuk menyimulasi gambar-gambar ruangan secara tiga dimensi. • Dsb.

Peralatan Menggambar
Konvensional
• Mesin gambar
– – – Meja kayu, lunak, kering, rata, datar, dst Deimensi meja (D0, D1, …) Ukuran Kertas (A0, A1, ..) Penggaris panjang Ukuran siku yang bemacam-macam Derajad kekeranan(H, B, HB. F) 8B-7B-… *H-HB (gambar sketsa) 2B – 6 H (gambar teknik) Pensil Isisn

Komputer
• Hardware
– Komputer
• • • • • • CPU Keyboard Mouse Pointer HD, CD, floppy diskette, falsdish Monitor

• •

Siku Penggaris
– – – – – – –

Pensil

• • • •

– Printer – Plotter

Penggaris (4 macam skala penggaris) French Curves Mesin Gambar (drafting machine) Pantograph, Planimeter, Parallel ruler, dll.

• Software
– OS (windows, Linux, dll.) – Program Aplikasi (AutoCAD, dll.)

Konvergensi
• Apakah alat ini?
– Computer – Hand phone – PDA – Digital camera – TV, video game – Video/MP3 player – Alat GPS – Dll…

Perkembangan lain
• Sistem antar muka
– Makin user-friendly

• Connectivity
– Wireless & broad-band

• Kemampuan
– Teraflops; multiprocessor

• Kapasitas
– Terabyte storage

Apa itu Bidang Ilmu Computing?

Peran Penting TIK

TIK dan Millennium Development Goals
GOAL EXAMPLE

1. Eradicate poverty & hunger 2. Universal primary education 3. Gender equality & empower 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat diseases (HIV, etc) 7. Environmental sustainability 8. Global partnership

ICT4Fishermen in India Nat-Tele-centers in Jordan FOOD- India SMS-birth-Info, Indonesia SMS-birth-Info, Indonesia HIV treat-on-web, Botswana Fire-Watch – Ausie+Indo ICT-4-Dev, Maldives

Arti penting TIK untuk Manusia
• TIK memiliki potensi dan banyak mendorong
– Penghematan energi, – Perbaikan mutu dan penurunan biaya pelayanan masyarakat (kesehatan, pendidikan dll), – Peningkatan keamanan, – Memudahkan globalisasi, – Menciptakan model bisnis baru,

• Teknologi kunci dalam era ekonomi berbasis pengetahuan

Kebutuhan Profesional TIK

Trend Kebutuhan

Angka Kebutuhan SDM IT

Bidang Keahlian yang masih Banyak Diperlukan
• • • • • • Computer Networks skills Information Security skills Application oriented ICT Skills Graphics & Animation skills Localization & Globalization skills Open sources skills

Beberapa Pesan untuk Mahasiswa

Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan
• “What you earn depends on what you learn” • Skill dan pengetahuan di bidang TIK cepat usang
• Belajar harus sepanjang hayat.

• Inovasi memang tidak diajarkan, tapi harus dipelajari bagaimana mengembangkannya. • Shifting from trying to answer “how does it work” to “why does it work”

Strategi Belajar
Gain

Self-Directed

Involved
Interested Dependent
Supports

Belajar bersama dalam kelompok & memanfaatkan TIK

Kapanpun & di manapun

Belajar Cerdas ≠ Belajar Keras

Fondasi teoritis harus kuat

Deep learner  Jangan hanya di rote-learner

Kiat sukses mahasiswa
• Learning approach: from dependent to selfdirected • Go beyond curricula
– Creative, innovative, entrepreneurial, leadership

• Be ethical  utmost important by any norms and standard • Make the best of your time: opportunities never knock twice

Perkaya Skill Praktis
• • Ambil exam secara on line pada salah satu training center Microsoft yang bersertifikasi CTEC (Certified Technical Education Center), atau lembaga yang memiliki sertifikasi internasional untuk training center Contoh Sertifikasi untuk bahasa pemrograman java yang dikeluarkan oleh Sun Corporation:
– SCP (Sun Certified Programmer) – SCD (Sun Certified Developer) – SCA (Sun Certified Architect)

Contoh Sertifikasi dari Microsoft:
– – – – MCP (Microsoft Certified Professional) MCTS (Microsoft Certified Technical Solution) MCT (Microsoft Certified Trainer) Dsb.nya

Cisco:
– CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) – CCNP (Cisco Certified Network Professional) – CCiE( Cisco Certified Intenetworking Expert)

Catatan untuk Sejawat Dosen

The importance of Innovation
• Innovation is not solely about the discovery of a new idea; It is a skill that can be taught. • However, we rarely teach this, and that needs to change. • It is certain that students must become acutely aware of the currency of their repertoire of skills. • This is something that they will need to be alive to throughout their working life – something related to the rate of change. • They will need to both refresh and refine it.

UNIVERSITY – INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP • Opinions: universities and industry do not cooperate at a sufficient level
• Even in USA taken as a model

• Universities and industry have different objectives
• they might be naturally on different sides

• It is worthwhile finding a compromise for the mutual benefit of all • Universities are in competition with other world universities • A better cooperation with the industry in partnership with the relevant authorities

COPING with ICT HIGH INNOVATION RATE

• Lack of university adaptation widens the gap with the level of skills industry expects • The ICT industry innovates fast
• does not imply that universities should follow every industry hype blindly

• A simplified perspective
• universities would focus on science and reflective research and ICT industry handles the applicative angle

• The present state of the differences between what universities offer and ICT industry needs in the work force

UNIVERSITIES AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
• ICT industry growth is fed by innovation carried out in small and medium enterprises
• Most large ICT companies in the world started as SMEs

• Universities are the main source of entrepreneurs • Universities will better contribute to the increase of the SME sector in ICT
• first by giving the students a solid scientific and technical background • second by preparing them with the managerial skills needed in a small enterprise

• Universities are also the catalysts of entrepreneurship through technological parks

UNIVERSITIES AND ICT SKILLS

• Universities are the main supplier of ICT skills
• ICT practitioner skills • ICT User skills • E-business skills

• Universities produce professionals, having ICT practitioner skills • It is not the task of universities to prepare the people to use ICT applications
• Market is not uniform as regards the level of digital literacy requirement • Universities should ascertain and bring all students to the necessary levels of basic user skills

UNIVERSITIES AND THE INCREASING SCARCITY OF ICT PROFESSIONALS

• The world would face serious shortages of ICT practitioners [CISCO: 396,000 in comp network] • Universities and policy makers are far from agreeing on what actions are urgent, both as diversification of ICT profiles and annual output [A*STAR of Singapore is a good example] • In some countries the supply/demand disequilibrium of ICT students is expected to deepen even more dramatically

Penutup

“The illiterate of the 21st century will not
be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.”

Thank You

– Alvin Toffler

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