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MISSION ANALYSIS

&
RISK ASSESSMENT
Objectives

 To list down the safety culture


adopted by industry

 To discuss The Basic management


System

 To understand Bow tie Process

 To discuss the term “ALARP”


Safety Culture

 Generative: “We do things well, or


we don’t do them”

 Proactive: “We work on the


problems we still find”

“We have systems in


 Calculative: place to manage all
hazards”
“Risk Management is
 Reactive: important, we do a lot
every time we have an
incident”

 Pathological: “ Who cares as long as


we not caught”
Management System
Risk Evaluation and
Management

Not separate but


Risk Evaluation and
Management
Stakeholders/Clients Demand

 Expectations about risks have


change

 Organisations to have their risk


management on track.

 Bow Tie helps you to organise your


risk management in a way that is
easily explained
Introduction

 Bow Tie is a generic methodology that


can be of value to analyse and manage
all kinds of major risks

 Bow Tie originated in the area of Health,


Safety and Environtment (HSE) and has
proved it’s value for all kind of business
risks.
Risk Management Process
Bow Tie Process
Risk

 Identify risks (What do we mean by risk?)

Risk = Probability
x
Consequence
Risk Matrix
Bow Tie

 Step 1 – Identify the Hazard


Hazards

EXAMPLE
Step 2 – Identify
The Top Event
Top Event

EXAMPLES:

oLoss of Containment
oStructural Failure
oDropped Object
oLoss of Control
oElectrical Shock
oFalls to same Level
oFalls to Lower Level
oOxygen Deficiency
oLoss of Separation
oContact
Step 3 – Identify threats
THREAT

EXAMPLES

Thermal – High Temperature


Chemical – corrosion
Biological -Bacteria/Marine growth
Radiation – Ultraviolet
Kinetic – Fatigue
Electrical – High Voltage
Environmental Condition – poor
visibility/storm/eathquake
Uncertainty – design unknowns
Human Factor - incompetence
Step 4 – Identify consequences
CONSEQUENCE
Step 5 – Identify Threat
Barriers
Threat Barriers
Threat Barriers
Step 6. Identify Recovery
Measures
Recovery Measures
Step 7. Identify Escalation Factors

“How might controls fail?”, “How might their effectiveness be


undermined?”
Step 8. Identify Escalation
Factor Controls
“How might controls fail?”,
“How might their effectiveness be undermined?”
Step 8. Identify Escalation Factor
Controls
“How do we make sure controls don’t
fail?”
Escalation Factor Controls
ALARP
 What is ALARP?
Bow Tie
Risk Management

Effective Risk Management is only


possible if PEOPLE are assigned
responsibilities for CONTROLS
Risk Management

You cannot ‘buy’ risk management, you


cannot delegate risk management to
a ‘group over there’, it has to become
part and parcel of your overall culture