Lathe (centre lathe

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Lathe (centre lathe)

Limitations of Centre Lathe • Only one tool can be used. • Large setting time of the job • Idle time in setting and movement of tools is large • Skilled labour is required .

Automation in Lathe .

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. • Machining of more than one surface can be done at the same time.Turret lathe and Capstan lathe • • • • • • • Multiple tool availability Work holding methods Automatic feeding of the tools Automatic stopping of the tools at precise locations Automatic control of sequence of operations used for high production work. on the face of which multiple tools can be fitted and fed into the work piece in proper sequence. In this lathe the tail stock is replaced by a hexagonal turret.

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Turret Lathe .

Turret (multiple tool post) .

Capstan Lathe .

Centre Vs Turret /Capstan Lathe • Headstock has more and heavier range of speeds for higher production rates .

Centre Vs Turret /Capstan Lathe • Multiple tool can be positioned • Tailstock is replaced by a tool turret tool with upto six tool positions .

Centre Vs Turret /Capstan Lathe • Two or more tools mounted can cut simultaneously. . • Semi-skilled operators are sufficient.

Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Capstan lathe: Turret lathe: Turret is mounted on a Turret is mounted auxiliary slide on the directly on the saddle. saddle .

.Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Turret lathe: Very high rigidity. Capstan lathe: Tool support unit bends/deflects causing vibration.

Capstan lathe: less cutting loads.Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Turret lathe: Can handle heavier jobs. lighter jobs and precision works. .

200mm dia. Capstan lathe: Max. bar size handling. bar size handling. .Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Turret lathe: Max. 60 mm dia.

Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Turret lathe: Full lenght tool travelling. . Capstan lathe: Limited tool length travelling.

Capstan lathe: Tool traverse is faster and less fatigue to operator.Turret Vs Capstan Lathe Turret lathe: Slow rate of tool travelling. .

which can move on saddle Auxiliary slide (ram) is moved on saddle Lower due to overhung of the ram results tool deflection Feeding of tools Extent of rigidity Capability to handle job Maximum bar size Tool travel Type of carriage Heavier job can be machined Up to 200 mm diameter Almost full length of bed Over hung type Lighter and smaller jobs only can machine Up to 60 mm diameter Limited tool travel Reach over type .Difference between capstan & turret lathe Aspects Turret position Turret Lathe Mounted directly on saddle Entire saddle is moved Very high Capstan lathe Mounted on an auxiliary slide.

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Duplicating Lathe .

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