Chapter 3: Heredity and Variation

Subtopic: Cell division
By the end of the lesson, you should be able to: ii. State what are genes, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and chromosomes iii. Describe the relationship between gene, DNA and chromosome.

Cell division
Human built up of billions of cells Growth involve continuous cell division which are controlled by genetic material in the nucleus

Nucleu s C ell Ch romo some

§ Nucleus control the activities in the cell § The long fine thread-like structure in the nucleus are called chromosome § Chromosomes provide all the information for living organism to function and genetics information for living organism to grow and live.

qChromosome are made up of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) qThe DNA is a large organic molecule with two strands, twisted into a spiral staircase formation called a double helix qDNA carries genetic instruction which the cell need to carry out its activities

chromosom e

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)



Genes are pieces of DNA They are arrange along the length of the chromosomes They are hereditary materials which are responsible to producing characteristics of the organism

Gene responsible to producing characteristic s

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

Carry genetic instruction

C ell
Control activity of

Nucleu s

Provide genetic to function, to grow and live.

chromosom e

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