InfoCube Components

Infocu be Characteri stic Tables Dimensi on Table Fact Tabl e Dimensi on Table Dimensi on Table Dimensi on Table Characteri stic Tables

Characteri stic Tables

Characteri stic Tables

InfoCube Components
Infocu be Fact Tabl e SID Tabl Maste r

Dimension Characteristi c1

SID Tabl

Maste r

SID Tabl Key Figure Characteris tic Values

Maste r Tables - P or Q Attribute Values

InfoCube Components
Infocu be Fact Tabl e SID Tabl Attribut e SID Table Attribut e SID Table Attribut e SID Table Tables - X or Y Navigable Attribute SID

Dimension Characteristi c1

SID Tabl

SID Tabl Key Figure Characteris tic Values

Naming conventions in the Master data tables

(for customer-defined characteristics) /BIC/...<technical name of the characteristic> (for SAP standard characteristics) /BI0/...<technical name of the

Master Data and SID Tables
Master data for a characteristic is stored in the tables :
Q /BI0/QCS_UNIT - Time Dependent Master Data Table P /BI0/PCS_UNIT - Time Independent Master Data Table M /BI0/MCS_UNIT – View of Q and P tables

BW populates the following characteristic SID table during data loads:
S /BI0/SCS_ITEM - Traditional SID Table

BW populates the following characteristic attribute SID tables during data loads:
X /BI0/XCS_ITEM – Time Independent Attribute SID Table Y /BI0/YCS_ITEM – Time Dependent Attribute SID Table

Text & Hierarchy Tables
Text for a characteristic is stored in the tables :
T /BI0/TCS_UNIT - Time Dependent Master Data Table

BW populates the following Hierarchy tables during data loads:
H /BI0/HCS_ITEM – Primary Hierarchy Table K /BI0/KCS_ITEM – Hierarchy Node SID Table (Negative Values) I /BI0/ICS_ITEM – Hierarchy Structure SID Table J /BI0/JCS_ITEM – Time Intervals for the Hierarchy Nodes

Master Data Tables
Structure: /BIC/S...

/BIC/PCO Ke /BIC/QCO

/BIC/SCO

Time independent display attributes are generated in the P-table.

P-Table / Q-Table

With master
View of MasterDtaTbles Master Data Table Master. Table. Time.dep. Time-dep. Attr. SID Table /BIC/MCOSTC# /BIC/PCOSTC# /BIC/QCOSTC# /

Attribute
0COMP_CODE 0BUS_AREA 0EVCURRCOST 0PROFIT_CTR 0ENTRYDATE

T time. ype . NAV
NAV DIS DIS DIS

Structure:

Ke Structure:

Ke

X-Table for Navigation Attributes
Structure:

Ke /BIC/XCO /BI0/SPROFIT

Read Step, S- to Y-

Structure:

Y-Table for Navigation Attributes

Ke /BIC/YCO /BI0/SRESP_

Read Step, S- to Y-

Navigation Attributes in the Extended Star
Navigation
0MATL_GROUP SID-Table

Schema Characteris
MATH_TH_C Y-Table

3 Characteris
0CALMONTH

Dimensi
T ime

Dimensi
Materia l

4

1 2 FKey date
MATL_GROUP Food ... 01.200 0 100 02.200 0 100

5

Text Tables
With texts
Text Table /BIC/T<...>

Structure:
Short text exists Medium-length text exists Long text exists Texts language-dependent Texts are timedependent

Ke

Exam ple

Ke

The hierarchy table (H table) is used to store the hierarchical

Hierarchy Tables

Hierarchy H Table Example

Hierarchy Interval J Table
If an indicator has been set in the INTERVL field, in H Table, intervals are permitted in this hierarchy and these are modelled in the J table.

If the With hierarchies indicator has been set in the maintenance

Hierarchy SID Tables

K – Hierarchy Node SID Table In the SID Table for Nodes, negative SID values are assigned to the nodes.

I (Inclusion Table) – Hierarchy Structure SID Table The leaves (characteristic values) are assigned positive SID values and the nodes are assigned negative SID values (K

Hierarchy Tables Anatomy

Linking Tables and Views in BW Star Schema
M
TimeIndependent
/BIO/MCOMP_COD E

P

Q

S
/BIO/SCOMP_COD E

Tables Time-Independent Navigation Attribute

X
/BIC/XCOSTC# #

Tables for InfoObje TimeDependent

P

M
/BIC/MCOSTC# #

/BIC/PCOSTC# #

S
/BIC/SCOSTC# #

DIM
/BIC/DCUBE #

Q
/BIC/QCOSTC# #

Y P Q
/BIC/YCOSTC# #

M

S
/BIC/SCOST_VERA

Tables Time-Dependent Navigation Attribute

/BIC/COST_VERA

How the Star Schema Works: Make a
„Show me the revenue for customers located in New York with Product group „telephones“ in the Year 1997“
Step1: Browse the dimension tables – Access the customer dimension tables and select all records with city = ‚New York‘ – Access the Product Dimension and select all record with Material Group = ‚telephones‘ – Access the Time Dimension Table and select all record with Year = ‚1997‘ Step2: Accessing the Fact Table – Using the key values evaluated during Browsing, – Select all records in the Fact Table which have these values in common in the Fact Table record key. 

How the Star Schema Works: Update
Customer Smith buys a telephone at 21.10.2002.
Time

Customer

Product

Facts

DAY

CUSTOMER

PRODUCT

REVENUE

ORDER ENTRY

20.10.20 02

4 711

4 422

1 000

1 0

How the Star Schema Works: Update
Customer Smith buys a telephone at 21.10.2002.
Time

Customer

Product

Facts

Changes in the new world „Facts“: Changes in fact table Slowly changes:

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