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COM 140 REPORT

TOPIC:
use of the phrase “one of the”, parallel
construction, quotations, and quotation marks

ALEXANDER PATRICK JUINIO


Meet Manny.
He is totally clueless, you know.
Let us follow Manny as he learn some
COMM 140 Basics!
LESSON 1:
Manny with Ricky

When to use of the phrase “one of the”


Let’s start this easy…

The phrase “one of


the” should always be
followed by nouns in
plural form.
Hah, Easy!
Here’s my example:
Michael Jordan is
one of the world’s
best athletes.

Right on, Men!


Move along now…
I think Eric is
waiting for you.
LESSON 2:
Manny with Eric

on “parallel construction”
I know
“construction”!
No, Manny!
Not THAT
construction!
There are
three basic rules
to follow regarding
parallelism.
Rule # 1:
Articles and
prepositions
applying to all
members of a
series should be
used only before
the first term or be
repeated before
each.
Examples are:
(1) James fixed the tables,
chairs, and cabinets.
(2) Mike bought a television, a
computer, and a radio.
Rule # 2:
“Correlative
expressions” like
both-and, not-but,
not only-but should
also be followed by
the same
grammatical
construction.
I can think of an
example for this one!
The movie was not
only interesting, but it
was also breath-
taking.
Rule # 3:
Items in a list should be
parallel in structure.

Example:
The objectives of the
soldiers are: to rescue the
captives, to defeat the
terrorists, and to locate
the smuggled weapons.
10,000 pogi
points for me!

I’m now ready to


meet Roach!
LESSON 3:
Manny with Freddie

on quotations and the use of


“quotation marks”
There are four rules
to follow in quoting and six rules
in using quotation marks.
Let’s start with rules on quotations…

Rule #1:
Quotations may be changed in
case of minor grammatical
errors or word usage, but
should be done carefully so
the message’s original
meaning and intent don’t
change. Use ellipses to
remove minor tongue slips, but
you should also do it carefully.
Rule #2:
If a quote is questionable to you, don’t
use it and/or ask the speaker for
clarification. If he/she is unavailable,
make attempts to reach him/her.
Rule #3:
Partial quotes should be avoided.
Write the full quote if a speaker’s words
are clear and concise. If the quotation is
redundant, too long, or unclear---
paraphrase!
And…

Rule #4:
Always use quotation
marks for sensitive or
controversial terms so
those terms can be
identified as coming
from the speaker.
Wow.
Six more
rules and I’m
good to go!
For quotation marks…

Rule # 1:
Quotation marks should be
used to surround a
writer/speaker’s exact words.
Rule # 2:
A full paragraph of quoted
material followed by a
paragraph which continues
the quotation should not be
ended by placing close-quote
marks at the end of the
former.
Instead, open-quote
marks should be placed
at the start of the next
paragraphs and close-
quote marks should be
used at the end of the
quoted material.
I can feel my
braincells
growing…
Rule #3:
You may place
quotation marks
on new/unfamiliar
words, but don’t
when those words
are repeated.
Rule #4:
The period and
comma should
be placed within
the quotation
marks.
Rule #5:
When other punctuation marks like the dash,
the semicolon, the question mark, and the
exclamation point apply to the quoted
matter, place them within the quotation
marks and outside when they apply to the
whole sentence.
Rule #6:
Place quotation marks on titles of books,
computer game software, movies, plays,
poems, songs, tv shows, lectures,
speeches, and works of art.

I am Manny “da
Pacman”
Pacquiao!
And with that, We hope Manny learned a lot.

-END-