Old Testament

Week 5: Enoch

Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class

Enoch in the JST
• Moses 6:26–7:69.
 112 verses.  Joseph Smith’s “new translation” of the Bible.  December 1830.


Enoch in the Bible
• Genesis 5:18–19 (mentioned); 5:21–24.
 “Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.”

• Luke 3:37 (mentioned). • Hebrews 11:5.
 “Enoch was translated that he should not see death.”

• Jude 1:14–15.
 Quote from the Book of Enoch.

Enoch in pseudepigrapha
• Book of Enoch (1 Enoch).
 Written 4th century–1st century B.C.

• Known to, quoted by NT authors. • Lost until 17th century A.D. • English publications: 1821 (Laurence), 1893 (Charles).


Enoch in the Book of Enoch
• Super-prophet. • “The sons of the heavens” (1 Enoch 6:2; 13:8; 71:1). • Judgment by “the Son of Man” against “sinners and those who have led the world astray” (1 Enoch 69:26–29).


Enoch in the Book of Moses
• Super-prophet (Moses 6:35–36). • Enoch sees everything:
 God revealing himself to Adam (Moses 6:51–68).  The wicked people in Enoch’s time (7:4–11).  The coming great flood (7:20–53).  The Son of Man killed and resurrected (7:54– 57).  The end of the world and final judgment (7:58–67).


Who was Enoch?
• Hebrew ‫( הנוך‬hănôk), “to introduce, to initiate.” • A wilderness prophet. • A reluctant prophet. • A reviled prophet.


Enoch, the perfect realization
Seth Enos Cainan Mahalaleel Jared Enoch















Enoch, a priesthood holder
• Ordained and blessed by Adam; saw and walked with the Lord (D&C 107:48–49a). • Blessed again by Adam at Adam-ondiAhman (D&C 107:53). • Melchizedek priesthood “after the order of Enoch” (D&C 76:57).


Foreteller & forth-teller
“A careful study of the etymology of the word [“prophet”] and of the lives, works and character of the prophets of old makes clear the fact that a prophet was, and is, one called to act as God’s messenger. He is to teach men the character of God, and define and make known to the people, his will. He is to denounce sin, and declare the punishment of transgression. He is to be above all else a preacher of righteousness, and when the people depart from the path which he has marked out for them to follow, is to call them back to the true faith. He is an interpreter of the scripture, and declares its meaning and application. When future events are to be declared he predicts them, but his direct, and most important calling is to be a forth-teller, or director of present policy, rather than a foreteller of that which is to come.” —President Anthony W. Ivins, October 1925

Enoch, the forth-teller
• Greek προφητης (prophetes) = interpreter or spokesman for God.
 Pro = “before” / phanai = “to speak.”

• Hebrew ‫( נביא‬nabiy’)= spokesman or speaker. • “Whether by mine own voice or by the voice of my servants, it is the same” (D&C 1:38). • Enoch’s first message: Moses 6:57–59, 62.

Enoch, revealer of God’s character
• Characteristics of God (Moses 7:28–35):
 Emotionally affected by human behavior.  Holy and eternal.  Just, merciful, kind.  A God of peace, justice, truth.  Given us knowledge, agency, commandments.  Has names that reflect his character.

• Characteristics of the Holy Ghost (Moses 6:61):
 Record of heaven.  Comforter.  Peaceable things of immortal glory.  Truth of all things.  Quickeneth all things  Knoweth all things, and hath all power.


Enoch, founder of the city of Zion
• Hebrew ‫( ציון‬tsiyyôn), “protection, fortress, shield” (see D&C 115:6). • Righteous dwell in peace and safety (Moses 7:13–19). • Unity of heart and mind, economic equality (Moses 7:18). • Zion taken into heaven (Moses 7:69), but it will return (Moses 7:62–64).

Enoch’s people, the ideal

—Encyclopedia of Mormonism 4:458–59

In two weeks:

Moses 8; Genesis 6–11

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