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# CP502

## Advanced Fluid Mechanics

Flow of Viscous Fluids and Boundary Layer Flow
[ 10 Lectures + 3 Tutorials ]

## Del Operator: Laplacian Operator: Gradient: Vector Gradient:

Divergence:
Derivative:

R. Shanthini Directional
18 Aug 2010

Continuity equation

for incompressible

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## kinematic viscosity (constant)

density (constant)
pressure external force (such as gravity)

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

Advection term: force exerted on a particle of fluid by the other particles of fluid surrounding it

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## velocity diffusion term:

(this term describes how fluid motion is damped)

Highly viscous fluids stick together (honey) Low-viscosity fluids flow freely (air)

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

Body force term: external forces that act on the fluid (such as gravity, electromagnetic, etc.)

## Navier-Stokes equation for incompressible

flow of Newtonian (constant viscosity) fluid - derived from conservation of momentum

## Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations

for incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid

## Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations

for incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid
in Cartesian coordinates

Continuity:
Navier-Stokes:
x - component:

y - component:

z - component:

## R. Shanthini 18 Aug 2010

Steady, incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid in an infinite channel with stationery plates - fully developed plane Poiseuille flow Fixed plate
Fluid flow direction

y x Fixed plate

Steady, incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid in an infinite channel with one plate moving at uniform velocity - fully developed plane Couette flow Moving plate
Fluid flow direction

y
R. Shanthini 18 Aug 2010

Fixed plate

## Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations

for incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid
in cylindrical coordinates

Continuity:
Navier-Stokes:
Radial component:

Tangential component:

Axial component:

## R. Shanthini 18 Aug 2010

Steady, incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid in a pipe - fully developed pipe Poisuille flow Fixed pipe r z
Fluid flow direction

2a 2a

## R. Shanthini 18 Aug 2010

Steady, incompressible flow of Newtonian fluid between a stationary outer cylinder and a rotating inner cylinder - fully developed pipe Couette flow

a
b

r
a