This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

• Speed is a measure of how fast something is moving. • It is the rate at which a distance is covered.

eFootage Play Clip.mov

**Distance, Speed and Time
**

EQUATIO N

Speed = distance (in metres) time (in seconds) v = speed d = distance t = time

v

d

=

t

If it takes you one hour to move the 10m from the couch and your wii remote to your PC to complete the physical science Unit on motion, what is your speed? (see next slide)

ANSWER

v d

=

d=1m t = 1 hr

t

1m

v =

1hr

V = 1m/hr

AN EASY SHORTCUT METHOD FOR SOLVING EQUATIONS

v

d

=

d v t

t

In a three variable equation like this one, move the variable in the numerator to the top of the triangle. The remaining two variable go below. Now you need only to look at the triangle to solve for the variable. If I want to solve for distance then it is v x t (note: they are side by side). If I want to solve for speed (v) then it is d/t (note: d is over t in the triangle. Get it?

• • • • •

**Practice solving speed equations
**

Dave walks 200 metres in 40 seconds. What is his speed? Laura covers 2km in 1,000 seconds. What is her speed? How long would it take to run 100 metres if you run at 10m/s? Steve travels at 50m/s for 20s. How far does he go? Susan drives her car at 85mph (about 40m/s). How long does it take her to drive 20km?

**Race Car Simulator
**

http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/Physics/p c/learningSimulations/MESSC/launch.html

Read the directions in the box. Press Begin to start the simulation

**AVERAGE SPEED VS. INSTANTANEOUS SPEED
**

Using your equation v = d/t gives you average speed.

– speed is distance covered over a certain time – typical units for measuring speed are m/s, km/h, mi/h (mph)

**Your speed at any given instant is instantaneous speed.
**

Your speedometer gives you instantaneous speed.

**Why does instantaneous speed matter?
**

Ask the policeman who stops you or a friend for speeding in the school zone. Your average speed may have been 25 mph, but the radar gun

Velocity is a vector quantity which means it includes both a magnitude and a direction. It is a rate of motion in a specific direction. “I'm going that-a-way at 30 kilometers per hour. My velocity is 30 kilometers per hour that-a-way…or… I am going 30 km/h east. “

• • • •

5m/s 60 km/h 3 m/s, northeast 2 km/hr at 30o north of east • Mach 2 • 35 km/h south

Which of the following represent a velocity and which speed?

1.Speed 2. speed 3.Velocit y 4.Velocit y 5.Speed 6.velocit

Velocity equation

v

Δd

=

Same as speed but … Δd = change in position (displacement) Δt = change in time

Δt

Velocity is a VECTOR!! A change in position means direction is

Speed vs. Velocity

Speed is simply how fast you are travelling…

This car is travelling at a speed of 20m/s

**Velocity is “speed in a given direction”…
**

This car is travelling at a velocity of 20m/s east

**Distance-time graphs
**

2) Horizontal line = 40 40 stopped

Distance Distance

4) Diagonal line downwards = Return to original position

30 30

(metres) 20 (metres) 20

10 10 0 0 20 40 60 80 100

Time/s Time/s

1) Diagonal line = constant velocity

3) Steeper diagonal line = going faster, but at a constant velocity

**DISTANCE/TIME GRAPHS
**

A car takes 1.5 minutes to travel 500m down a busy road. It stops at lights for 30 seconds, then continues on for 1 minute as it goes another 1km. Plot this on a distance/time graph. Using the distance/time graph:

(km) 1.5 Δd = 1km Steepest section is fastest Δt = 1min 1 2 Time (min) 3

Distance

1

2.What is the total distance 0.5 traveled? = 1.5 km 2. In what part of the trip is = part 3 the car going the fastest? 3. What is the fastest speed? v = Δd / Δt v = 1km/1min v = 1000m/60s v = 16

In a distance/time graph the slope of the line = the speed of the object.

SPEED QUESTIONS

What would these look like on a distance/time graph? 1. stopped

2. slow

3. fast

4. accelerating

40

Distance (metres)

30 20 10

Time/s

0

20 20

40 40

60 60

80 80

100 100

1) What is the speed during the first 20 seconds? 2) How far is the object from the start after 60 seconds? 3) What is the speed during the last 40 seconds? 4) When was the object travelling the fastest?

READING MORE GRAPHS

- Teamwork
- Revised Bloom's Taxonomy
- Mastery Chart Schedule
- OCS Course Development Training Success of Program
- The OCS NCVPS Blended Learning Program
- OCS Course Development Training Success of Program
- 2.1C Acceleration
- 2.1 Describing Motion
- 1.3 Scientific Measuring Tools
- 1.3 Graphing
- 1.2 Scientific Method
- 1.3metric System

- Displacement, Distance, Speed & Velocity
- Uniform Linear Motion Practice
- Unit 1
- Speed and Velocity
- Phy13HL Kinematic Problem Set 1
- 1stLE Lecture 03 - R2 Displacement, Time, Average and Instantaneous Velocity
- Section 4.2 Speed and Velocity
- 1 Marking Scheme Worksheet
- Cambridge Ocr Advanced Sciences Physics 1 for Ocr
- Class 1 Acoustic
- Speed and Velocity
- Motion
- Displacement and Velocity
- Physics I Problems (11).pdf
- Kinematic of Rectilinear (Fisika)
- psa
- Answer Ramp Lab
- 1
- 9th_physics-motion_and_rest_test_paper.pdf
- TM_1B_Ch4e
- lab6be20132
- Project Assignment
- Physics 101ah- Lesson 3a
- COAS_P1_Ch01_it
- Uniform Linear Motion Problems
- chapter 2 Class 11
- Chapter 2 Practice Worksheet
- Lecture 3 May 2015_ans.pdf
- Review Chapter 1 Physics Motion
- Velocity Has a Scientific Meaning That is Slightly Different From That of Speed
- 2.1Speed and Velocity

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd