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ELECTROOCULOGRAPHY

DINTU DAVIS S8 ECE 22


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CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION

ELECTROOCULOGRAPHY
EOG - How it works? HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES APPLICATIONS EOG VS EEG CONCLUSION
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INTRODUCTION
Many sophisticated devices made interaction with computer easy Still physically disabled individuals are deterred from

using computers
No inexpensive systems that deliver the true power and ease of today's computers Eye-tracking hardware using electrooculography
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ELECTROOCULOGRAPHY
Measure eye movements
Skin electrodes to detect potential differences Cornea-retinal potential

PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

EOG - How it works?


Two electrodes to the right and left of the outer canthi (D-E)-detect horizontal

movement
Another pair above and below the eye (B-C) - detect vertical movement Reference electrode placed on the forehead (A)

Electrodes - Reusable Ag-AgCl


biopotential skin electrodes or grass
PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

electrodes

EOG signal changes in microvolts for each degree of eye


movement with respect to the angle of movement

PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION

Amplifies the voltage picked up by the transducer

Removes high frequency noise Removes the electrical line frequency Analog signal to digital PIC microcontroller Computer Software
PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

PRABANTH 2012, SAINTGITS College Of Engineering

ADVANTAGES
Relatively good performance Extremely cheap

DISADVANTAGES
Unstable signals from electrodes Low sensitivity of EOG electrodes
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APPLICATIONS
System for assisted mobility using EOG signals

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Eye controlled typing using EOG signals

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EOG Vs EEG
EOG signal measurements are much easier than EEG
Higher amplitude than EEG signals EOG based systems are less expensive, efficient and practical compared with EOG

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CONCLUSION
Man Machine Interface
Sense eye movement based on corneal-retinal potential difference Inexpensive yet reliable Codify ocular actions as commands and apply them to

mobility

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THANK YOU

QUERIES???

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