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IT Exercises

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1

Hardware

10

The speed of a computer CPU can be measured in:

O O O O

Gigabytes. Gigawatts. Gigahertz. Gigacycles.

Answer: Gigahertz.
11

A Gigabyte is approximately:
A. 1,000 bytes.
B. 100 kilobytes. C. 1,000 kilobytes. D. 1,000 Megabytes. Answer: 1,000 Megabytes.
12

Large Organization often use a computer system to run the company Typically it is most likely to be:
A. personal computer. B. A Microprocessor. C. A mini computer.

D. A Mainframe Computer.
Answer: A Mainframe Computer.

13

Which one of these is computer hardware?


O O O O

The operating system. A CPU. A word processing package. A spreadsheet.

Answer: A CPU.
14

Which two of the following is considered as input


devices?

A. Printers. B. Monitor. C. Microphone. D. Plotter. E. Keyboard.


Answer: 1-Microphone. 2-Keyboard.
15

Which one of these memory can not be changed?

A. Random Access Memory. B. Storing Memory. C. Read Only Memory.

D. Virtual Memory.
Answer: Read Only Memory.
16

Which one is not true about RAM? A. The data stored on it is volatile. B. Information is lost when you switch off the computer. C. The data held on it cannot be saved on your hard disk.

D. The operating system is copied on it when you switch on computer.


Answer: The data held on it cannot be saved on your hard disk.
17

Which one of the following statement is true about ROM (read-only memory):
O O O O

It is wiped clean when you switch off the computer.

It stores the computers operating system.


It cannot be modified by the user.

It is loaded from your hard disk when you switch on the computer.

Answer: It cannot be modified by the user.


18

Which one of these types of computer memory is permanent and unchanging?


O

Random Access Memory.

Working Memory.
Virtual Memory. Read-Only Memory.

Answer: Read-Only Memory.


19

Sort these units of data by increasing order of size.

20

21

22

Which one of the following dose not influence the Performance of a computer?
The amount of free space on the PCs hard disk. The amount of main memory (RAM) that is installed. The use of trackball rather than a mouse.

The type of graphics card that is installed.

Answer: The use of trackball rather than a mouse.


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27

Which one of the following statements about formatting computer media is true? Before accessing the internet, you need to run a virus check.
O O O O

Deleting an infected file will eliminate the virus. Anti-virus software can detect all known viruses.

Anti-virus software can disinfect applications as well as files.


Answer: Anti-virus software can disinfect applications as well as files.
28

Which one of the following statements about formatting computer storage media is true?
A. All operating systems format disks in the same way.
B. You cant format a disk if it had been formatted already. C. A pre-formatted disk can be used immediately to store data. D. You should regularly format floppy disks.

Answer: A pre-formatted disk can be used immediately to store data.


29

Which two of the following have a significant influence on the speed at which a computer performs?
O

Installing new applications. Clearing all the unwanted files off a hard disk. Installing a smaller monitor.

Increasing the amount of RAM.


Adding a CD-ROM drive.

Answer:1- Clearing all the unwanted files off a hard disk. 2- Increasing the amount of RAM.

30

Which one of these statements about formatting Computer storage media is true?
Disks are automatically formatted when you save a file.
O O

A used floppy disk cannot be reformatted.

Unformatted disks need operating system data written to them before they can store files.
O

A Full format does not erase data from your disk.

Answer: Unformatted disks need operating system data written to them before they can store files.

31

Software

32

Which one of these statements correctly completes the following sentence? A computers operating system:
O

is the last program to load when you start the computer.

O
O

does not control devices connected to the PC.


is not necessary on high-powered personal computers.

instructs the screen to display data entered with the keyboard.


33

Answer: instructs the screen to display data entered with the keyboard.

Which two of these are operating systems?

A. Linux.
B. Mac OS. C. Internet explorer. D. Outlook. E. Google.
Answer: 1-Linux. 2-Mac OS.
34

Which of the following is the first stage in the standard sequence of software development?
A. Testing. B. Analysis. C. Programming.

D. Design.
Answer: Analysis.
35

Shareware is the term that is applied to:


O

an application that is used to track the movement of stocks and share.

software that you try for free but pay for it if you keep it.
any application for which a multi-user license is available.
O O

any software that can be used on a server.


36

Answer: software that you try for free but pay for it if you keep it.

Which one of these statements about computer application is true?


A. The same version of an application will work on any type of computer.

B. They control devices such as printers and scanners are attached to the PC.
C. They enable users to carry out specific tasks such word processing. D. They are the only programs that you need to use PC. Answer: They enable users to carry out specific tasks such as word processing.

that
as

37

Which one of the following operating system does not have a GUI?
A. UNIX. B. Microsoft Windows. C. MAC OS X.

D. Microsoft DOS .
Answer: Microsoft Dos.

38

Which of following best describes a graphical user interface (GUI):


O

using a software application for technical drawing.

using a windows, icons and a mouse to operate a computer. using a system of typed commands to operate a computer. using picture rather than words for online help.

Answer: using a windows, icons and a mouse to operate a computer.

39

Freeware is the term that is applied to:

software that you can try free of charge before buying.

software that you dont have to pay for.

old versions of commercial software that are out of date. software that will run under any operating system.

Answer: software that you dont have to pay for.


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Which one is more appropriate about Shareware


software? A. Any software used by a group of people in the same time. B. Any application you borrow from your friend. C. Any application Downloaded from internet.

D. Any software you try for free time and pay for keeping it.
Answer: Any software you try for free time and pay for keeping it.
45

Environment

46

Which two of the following help to create a good working environment for computer users?

A. Bright fluorescent lighting. B. Use a mouse of mat with wrist support. C. Turning up screen contrast.
D. Use of monitor filter to reduce glare. E. Sitting as close as possible to the monitor.
Answer: 1-Use a mouse of mat with wrist support. 2-Use of monitor filter to reduce glare.
47

You can reduce the risk of eye-strain by one of the following:

A. Using the brightest possible screen setting. B. Setting the screen facing a window. C. Sitting approximately 12" from your monitor.

D. Having your eyes level with the top of your monitor.


Answer: Having your eyes level with the top of your monitor 48

Which one of these actions demonstrate poor health and safety practice in the use of computers?
A. Touching internal parts of the PC.

B. Running several application at the same time.


C. Only using a single power socket for each PC. D. Using out-of-date software.

Answer: Touching internal parts of the PC.


49

You can reduce the risk of neck, back and shoulder pain, by one of the following actions:
A. Using a larger monitor with sharper resolution.
B. Using a wireless mouse. C. Keeping the keyboard close to the front of the disk. D. Using a fully adjustable operators chair.

Answer: Using a fully adjustable operators chair.


50

You can reduce the risk of eye-strain by one of the following actions:

increase the contrast between screen and room lighting. O using an anti-glare filter on your monitor. O reducing your monitors colour depth setting. O positioning the screen with a window behind it.
O

Answer: using an anti-glare filter on your monitor.

51

Which one of the following contribute to a good working environment for a computer operator?
O

Locating the PC close to a printer.

Elbow and wrist support.

High level of contrast between the screen brightness and other lighting. Direct light shining on the monitor.
52

Answer: Elbow and wrist support.

You can reduce the risk of repetitive strain injury by one of the following actions:
O O O O

using an adjustable chair.

sitting with your feet firmly on the ground.


using an anti-glare screen.

taking frequent breaks form your work.

Answer: taking frequent breaks form your work.


53

Which two of the following contribute to a good working environment for a computer operator? O Use of a monitor filter to reduce the glare.
O

Sitting as close as possible to the monitor.

O
O O

A good level of ventilation in the room.


Plenty disk space in which to move the mouse.

The keyboard positioned close to the front edge of the disk.


54

Answer: 1-Use of a monitor filter to reduce the glare. 2- Plenty disk space in which to move the mouse.

Which two of he following contribute to a good working environment for a computer operator?
o A good level of ventilation in the room
o Plenty of free desk space in which to move the mouse

o The keyboard positioned close to the front edge of the desk


o Very strong artificial lighting o Taking frequent breaks from the screen

55

Which statement about computers and the environment is true?


O Running O Printer O You

an animated screensavers saves power.

toner cartridges can be recycled.

cant recycle paper from a laser printer.

O Laptops

on standby use more electricity than when running normally.

Answer: Printer toner cartridges can be recycled.


56

57

Which one of these actions demonstrate poor health and safety practice?
O Installing O Leaving O Turning

too much of software on a computer.

power cable unsecured.

off the power without first shutting down the PC. several applications at the same time.
58

O Running

Answer: Leaving power cable unsecured.

59

Large-scale computer

60

For which two of these tasks would a computerized solution be most appropriate?
O

Assessing employee performance. Enforcing rules and regulations. Generating invoices. Carrying out stock control.

Providing a customer support helpline.

Answer: 1-Generating invoices. 2- Carrying out stock control.

61

For which one of these tasks would a computerized solution be more appropriate? Calculating payroll of staff. Solving staff relations.

Motivating staff.
Selecting new staff.
62

Answer: Calculating payroll of staff.

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67

68

For which two of the following tasks in hospitals and health care would large-scale computer applications be most appropriate?

Bereavement counseling. O Tracking treatment costs. O Informing a patient of a diagnosis. O Providing a medical database. O Treating mental health issues.
O

Answer: 1-Tracking treatment costs. 2-Providing a medical database.

69

For which one of the following tasks in hospitals and health care would large-scale computer applications be most appropriate?
O

Running life-support systems.

O Diagnosis

Patient.

Comforting patients.
Guiding support groups.
70

Answer: Running life-support systems.

71

Networks & Internet

72

Which two statement about local area networks (LAN) are true?
O

Applications cannot be shared over a LAN.

Authorized users can access and use data stored anywhere on a LAN.
Telecommunication services cannot be shared over LAN. Large data files can be transferred between computers using a LAN. a

It is not possible for users of a LAN share printers.

Answer: 1-Authorized users can access and use data stored anywhere on a LAN. 2-Large data files can be transferred between computers using a LAN.

73

E-mail stands for:

A. Electric mail. B. Electronic mail. C. Efficient mail.

D. Express mail.
Answer: Electronic mail.

74

The term ADSL stands for:

Anonymous Digital Service Line. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. Analog Digital Service Line.

Advanced Data Service Link.

Answer: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.


75

Which one of the following is the a digital line, used for both voice and data?
A. ISDN. B. FTP. C. PSTN.

D. HTTP.
Answer: ISDN.

76

Which one of the following statements applies to PSTN?

A. A network designed to transmit high-speed digital data. B. Its the Internet e-mail system.
C. Its a form of satellite communication. D. The Public Analog Telephone network.
Answer: The Public Analog Telephone network.
77

What is ISDN?

A. Integrated Standard Digital Networks. B. Integrated Services Digital Network. C. Interactive Standard Dynamic Networks.

D. Internet Services Data Network.


Answer: Integrated Services Digital Network.
78

What is the meaning of the letter e in the word email?


O

Express.

O
O

Electric.
Electronic.

Efficient.

Answer: Electronic.
79

The device that links computers to telephone networks by converting digital and analog signals is called a: A. Transcoder. B. Digitiser.

C. MODEM.
D. Translator Unit. Answer: MODEM.

80

Which one of these statement about the speed of connecting to the internet is true?
O

Data transfer is slower with a digital line than with an analog line. The processor speed of the computer affects the speed of data transfer on the internet. A 14.4 Kbps modem transfers data more slowly than a 56 Kbps modem. The speed of data transfer does not vary significantly with the time of the day.

Answer: A 14.4 Kbps modem transfers data more slowly than a 56 Kbps modem.

81

Which one of these is the type of network that links computers in different cities or countries? LAN. Ethernet. PSTN.

O O O

WAN.

Answer: WAN.
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86

87

Which one of the following descriptions of an extranet is true?


O

A world-wide collection of files connected by links.

A very large intranet within an organization.


An extra-fast intranet for web and e-mail. Shares data between two or more organizations.
88

Answer: Shares data between two or more organizations.

The internet is the name that is given to:


A. The physical equipment used to connect computer systems all over the world. B. All the linked documents that are held on a global network of computer systems. C. Linked computer systems that form a vast global network.

D. The dedicated telephone lines that permanently connect commercial networks on distant sites.

Answer: Linked computer systems that form a vast global network.

89

Which one of the following best describes an extranet? A network, using e-mail to share data between organizations.
O

O
O O

An extra-fast intranet within a single organizations.


A very large intranet used by the general public.

A network used to share data within a single organization.


Answer: A network, using e-mail to share data between organizations.
90

Which one of the following best describes an intranet?


O

A network which can only be accessed using an ISP.

A world-wide collection of computer files connected by links. A network, using e-mail and web, within a single organization.

A network that is shared between more than one organization.

Answer: A network, using e-mail and web, within a single organization.

91

Which one of these statements about the internet is false?


O

It enables computer with different operating systems to exchange data.

It is not controlled by any single organization.

You need a license to publish material on the internet. It allows computers to share data over large distance.
92

Answer: You need a license to publish material on the internet.

Which one of the following activities is best suited for e-mail?


A. Performing calculations. B. Sharing very large video files, such as movie trailers. C. Sharing files between workers at different locations.

D. Transmitting credit card details.


Answer: Sharing files between workers at different locations.
93

Print

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Virus

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103

104

Anti-virus software can disable a virus on your computer. This action is called:
O

De-installing.

O
O

Disinfecting.
Restoring.

Scanning.

Answer: Disinfecting.
105

Password

106

Which two of the following statements about passwords are true? A. You should use the same password for everything. B. You should write down your password and keep it in a convenient place. C. Passwords should contain both letters and numbers. D. Once you create a password, you cant change it. E. A Password should be known only to the user. 1-Passwords should contain both letters and numbers. 2- A Password should be known only to the user.
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108

109

A mobile phone which has been insured but not password protected has been stolen. Which one of the following consequences may result? A. Misuse of confidential numbers.
B. Meeting the cost of replacement. C. Paying for calls made after the theft is reported. D. Taking out new insurance on the replacement phone. Answer: Misuse of confidential numbers. 110

A PDA which has been backed up - but not password protected - has been stolen. Which one of the following consequences may result?
O Loss

of the right to use the software that came with PDA.


wasted on re-entering all the records in a replacement PDA. of confidential files and telephone numbers.

O Time

O Misuse O Loss

of contact details on the stolen PDA.


111

Answer: Misuse of confidential files and telephone numbers.

A laptop which has been password protected, but not backed up, has been stolen. Which one of the following consequences may result?
O

You will have to change your e-mail address.

Confidential files can be Misused.


You will need to change your password. Work stored on the laptop will be lost.
112

Answer: Work stored on the laptop will be lost.

Backup

113

Which one of these statements best describes computer backup?

A. Reverting to the previously saved version of an electronic file.


B. Keeping a copy of computer files on a separate storage device. C. Storing paper printout from your computer files.

D. Storing computer files on a Variety of separate storage device.


Answer: Keeping a copy of computer files on a separate storage device.
114

Which one of the following statement describes the process of backup?


O Restoring O Copying O Keeping O Moving

work from an older file.

a file from your C: drive to your desktop. copies of data in two locations.

a file to a different folder on a hard drive.

Answer: Keeping copies of data in two locations.


115

E- commerce

116

Which one of the following statements about the use of e-commerce is true? A. An internet connection is optional for e-commerce. B. Transaction can occur anywhere in the world. C. Customers can only pay by e-mailing credit card details.

D. Customers give up the right return unsatisfactory goods.


Answer: Transaction can occur anywhere in the world.
117

Electronic commerce is best described as: A. Requesting information from companies selling electronic equipment. B. The buying of electronic equipments from a high street shop. C. Advertising electronic goods on the internet.

D. The buying of goods and services and paying for them on-line.
Answer: The buying of goods and services and paying for them on-line.
118

Which one of the following statements about purchasing online is true? A. Purchases are only processed during business hours.
B. Shipping of purchases is normally free. C. The consumer rights of your country apply.

D. You are at risk from insecure payment method.


119 Answer: You are at risk from insecure payment method.

E-commerce is the term used to describe business that: A. uses computers to carry out its work. B. is carried out using electronic funds transfer. C. involves the import and export of electronic equipment. D. buys or sells goods and services online.
Answer: buys or sells goods and services online.
120

Which two of the following statements about purchasing on line are true?
O

The consumers rights of the suppliers country apply. E-commerce offers access to goods around the clock. The supplier covers the cost of shipping. All e-commerce transactions are safe.

The supplier covers the cost of returning goods.

1- The consumers rights of the suppliers country apply. 2- E-commerce offers access to goods around the clock. 121

Which two of the following statements about purchasing on line are true? A. Initial shipping of goods is free.
B. The supplier covers the cost of returning goods. C. The consumers rights of the suppliers country apply. D. its more difficult to return goods purchased online than goods bought in a shop. E. Online purchases are free of customs duties.
Answer: 1- its more difficult to return goods purchased online than goods bought in a shop. 2-The consumers rights of the suppliers country 122 apply.

Copyright & legislation

123

An important purpose of data protection legislation is to:


O O O O

improve the standards for electronic storage media.

prevent the illegal use of commercial software.


safeguard the privacy of individuals personal data. protect companies from industrial espionage.

Answer: safeguard the privacy of individuals personal data.


124

Which two of the following statements about data protection legislation are true?
A. Deals with industrial espionage between competing companies. B. Can result in litigation if personal data is not adequately protected. C. Means that personal data must be stored for certain period of time. D. Ensures that laws about data security are the same in every country. E. Obliges organizations to protect confidential data within their control. Answer: 1- Can result in litigation if personal data is not adequately protected. 2- Obliges organizations to protect confidential data within 125 their control.

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true?


O

If you can copy material from a disk you automatically gain the copyright. Copyrights provides control over how other people make disk copies of someones work. Graphics published on CD-ROM are not subjected to any form of copyright.

If you create a CD-ROM yourself, you own the copyright anything you put on it.

to

Answer: Copyrights provides control over how other people make disk copies of someones work.

126

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true?


O O

Text on a web page can be freely copied and re-used.

Graphics published on the web are subjected to copyright. When you buy software, the copyright transfer to you. It is legal to share any audio files on the internet.
127

Answer: Graphics published on the web are subjected to copyright.

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true?


O

The paper license that comes with software on CD transfers the copyright to you. You can make a backup CD of software bought for your own use. Software purchased on the web and copied to CD-ROM be shared with friends. Copying text, images, audio, or video from disk is always illegal. can

Answer: You can make a backup CD of software bought for your own use. 128

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true? A. Publishing digital work on disk requires permission of the copyright holder. B. When you purchase software in CD the copyright transfer to you. C. Any material which is published on disk is subjected to copyright. D. You can reuse graphics from the web on CD- Rom.
Answer: Publishing digital work on disk requires permission of the copyright holder.
129

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true? A. You can use downloaded graphics in any way. B. You are allowed to re-use text you copy from the web. C. When you purchase software, the copyright transfer to you.

D. Audio files on the internet are subject to copyright


Answer: Audio files on the internet are subject to copyright.
130

Which one of the following statements about copyright is true?


A. You give up your copyright to text that you publish on the internet. B. You can re-use downloaded graphics in any way. C. Scanned images are subject to copyright.

D. When you purchase software, the copyright transfer to you.


Answer: Scanned images are subject to copyright.

131

Which one of the following statements about an organizations information security policy is true?
O

Applies to the employee, not the employer. Deals with the handling confidential data. Deals only with data held on computers. Covers the licensing of operating system software.

Answer: Deals with the handling confidential data.


132

Which two of the following statements about access rights are true?
O Are intended to protect a companys intellectual property. O Decide who can work in a building outside office hours. O Determine which files individuals can read or change on network. O Are the same for all users on single network. a

O Depend on which computer you are using to access the network


Answer: 1-Determine which files individuals can read or change on a network. 2-Decide who can work in a building outside office hours.

133

Teleworking

134

Which one of the following options describe the effects of teleworking?


A. Reduced cost of equipments.
B. Harder to socially interact with team members.

C. Greater use of transport.


D. Inflexible working hours.

Answer: Harder to socially interact with team members.


135

Which one of the following statements about teleworking is true?

More human contact with the team. Increased company space requirements.

Greater ability to focus on one task. Inflexible schedules.


136

Answer: Greater ability to focus on one task.

137

Which one of the following is considered as input devices?


A. Plotter. B. Monitor. C. Web camera.

D. Charger.
Answer: Web camera.
138

Which one of the following is not an input device?

A. Web camera. B. Scanner. C. Touch pad.

D. Monitor.
Answer: Monitor.
139

Which one of these is application software?

Graphics card. Word processor.

Central Processing Unit (CPU).


Hard Disk.
140

Answer: Word processor.

A GUI is used to:

A. Draw graphs and drawing. B. Provide the interface between two peripherals. C. Provide an easy way to use computer.

D. Store graphics image as file.


Answer: Provide an easy way to use computer.
141

A. An output device only


B. An input device only

Scanner can be described as:

C. An input and output device D. Storage device

Answer: An input device only.


142

Which one of these is a computer software?


A. Monitor.
B. Windows. C. System Case. D. Scanner. Answer: Windows.
143

Which one of these stages of software development is the last stage to be finally completed?

Analysis.

Design.
Programming. Testing.
144

Answer: Testing.

Which of the following is the name given to software, which can legally be copied without a license? A. Beta software.
B. Retail software. C. Freeware.

D. Protected software.
Answer: Freeware.
145

The data stored on CD-Rom are

A. Volatile and read only data. B. Non Volatile and read only data. C. Non Volatile and read/write data.

D. Volatile and read/write data.


Answer: Non Volatile and read only data.
146

Which two of these are operating systems?


O

Windows. Netscape Navigator. Yahoo! Linux. Outlook.

Answer:1- Windows. 2-Linux.

147

Which one of the following isnt operating system?

A. Unix. B. Windows. C. Ms Word.

D. Ms-Dos.
Answer: Ms Word.

148

Which one of these stages of software development is the first stage to be completed?

Design.

Analysis.
Programming. Testing.
149

Answer: Analysis.