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SEMINAR ON

CONTINUOUS VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

1. INTRODUCTION
What Is CVT?
Continuously variable transmission (CVT) is an

emerging technology in the field of automotive transmission that gives infinite number of gear ratios utilizing minimum number of gears.

1.3 HOW IT WORKS

Fig no.1 CVT IN A TWO WHEELER

TYPES OF CVT 1 PULLEY BASED CVTs


A high-power metal or rubber belt A variable-input "driving" pulley An output "driven" pulley

CVTs also have various microprocessors and sensors,

TOROIDAL CVT:

Hydrostatic

COMPARISON OF CVT WITH OTHER METHOD FOR FUEL ECONOMY


These methods are as follows. Stop at idle: - Switching off the engine at idle

condition. CDA:- Cylinder deactivation method CAI: - Controlled auto ignition method. LIVC: - Load control intake valve closing method. All these methods are applied in standard engine .

NEDC

12% Fuel

Consumption .

COMPARISON OF CVT WITH OTHER METHOD FOR FUEL ECONOMY

1. PUMP SYSTEM

Radial piston pump suction controlled

Oil pump

Forward And Reverse Driving System Device To avoid the rolling and friction losses and ensure the high efficiency.

Pump System

3 DIFFERENTIAL GEAR RATIOS WITH THE HELP OF


CVT MECHANISM
Pulley V belt Secondary clutch Gear ratio

3 DIFFERENTIAL GEAR RATIOS WITH THE HELP OF CVT MECHANISM

CVT Mechanism Efficiency Range


Rubber Belts 90-95% Steel Belts 90-97% Toroidal Traction 70-94% Nutating Traction 75-96% Variable Geometry 85-93%

EFFICENCY
EFFICIENCY VS. GEAR RATIO FOR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

Gear Efficiency Range

1 60-85%

2 60-90%
3 85-95%

4 90-95%
5 85-94%

ADVANTAGES
changing reduction ratio, engine work in optimum rate.
Great decreasing of fuel consumption. Smooth and impact less transmission of power to the

driving wheels. Maximum utilization of power Less dangerous substances in output gases and less contamination of environment. Safe and pleasant driving as the driver is concentrated on the road conditions .

LIMITATION
Transmit motion by friction, witch leads to a greater

wearing and a short exploitation period;


Cannot transmit great powers; Require special oils and materials; Sophisticated and expensive technologies for their

production;

CONCLUSION
Unlike traditional automatic transmissions, CVTs

don't have a gearbox with a set number of gears, don't have interlocking toothed wheels.
The most common type of CVT operates on an

ingenious pulley system


overtaking is quite difficult and also the because of

slipping of the belt there is a power loss.

THANK YOU