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Formerly Known As: INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PHARMACY

One Month Computer Course Under The Guidance of:- Md. Mehtab Alam Anshari
Submitted By:- Sunil Kumar Verma Roll No: 19 Email:INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PHARMACY sunil04999@yahoo.com

Road No: 14, Jawahar Nager, Mango, JAMSHEDPUR

TABLE OF CONTENT
TOPIC
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PRESENTATION TITLE TAJ MAHAL KHAJURAHO NALANDA RED FORT KONARK SUN TEMPLE QUTUB MINAR INDIA GATE

SLIDE No.
03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11

AJANTA ELLORA CAVES


ASHOK PILLAR AT SARNATH JAMA MASJID REFRENCE THANKS

12
13 14 15 16

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I wish to express my gratitude to Md. Mehtab Alam Anshari


MCA (S.M.U.) , under whose supervision the present study has been carried out. Md. Mehtab Alam Anshari Kindly made himself available to me whenever I have sought his help in connection with Presentation Report, and his comments on a number of points have enabled me to understand me own ideas more clearly. Also his patience review of the manuscript has saved me form a number of stylistic errors.

Finally, acknowledgements are due to the group of Institute Of Professional & Paramedical Education, Jamshedpur and friendly student campus of IPPE.

:Sunil Kumar Verma

PRESENTATION TITLE

Location : Built By: Famous As:

Agra Mugal emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.) The grave of queen Mumtaj Mahal

Taj Mahal (meaning Crown Palace) is a that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal at the lower chamber. Taj Mahal was constructed over a period of twenty-two years, employing twenty thousand workers. It was completed in 1648 C.E. at a cost of 32 Million Rupees.

The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon . Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration. The large garden contains four reflecting pools dividing it at the center. Each of these four sections is further subdivided into four sections and then each into yet another four sections.

Khajuraho
Location : Famous As:
Best Season:
Chhatarpur District, (M.P.) about 620 kilometres (385 mi) southeast of New Delhi,

their erotic sculpture September to March

The Khajuraho group of monuments has entered among the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Khajuraho consists of a group of medieval Jain and Hindu temples, which are famous for their erotic sculpture. The name has been derived from the Hindi word, khajur', which means 'date plum'.

These temples are true examples of the architectural styles of medieval India. Khajuraho temples were rediscovered in the late 19th Century.

What To See:

The temples are grouped into three geographical divisions : western, eastern and southern.

Western Group : Kandariya Mahadeo; Chaunsat Yogini;


Chitragupta Temple; Vishwanath Temple; Lakshamana Temple; Matangeshwara Temple.

Eastern Group: Parsavanatha Temple; Ghantai Temple;


Adinatha Temple;

Southern Group: Duladeo Temple; Chaturbhuj Temple,

Nalanda
Location : Famous As: Found :
Towards the Southeast of Patna THE ANCIENT SEAT OF LEARNING In the 5th Century A.D.

Nalanda is known as the ancient seat of learning. 2,000 Teachers and 10,000 Students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied at Nalanda, the first Residential International University of the World. This place saw the rise and fall of many empires and emperors who contributed in the development of Nalanda University. Many monasteries and temples were built by them. Kingarshwardhana gifted a 25m high copper statue of Buddha and Kumargupta endowed a college of fine arts ere. Nagarjunaa Mahayana philosopher, Dinnaga- founder of the school of Logic and Dharmpala- the Brahmin scholar, taught here. The famous Chinese traveller and scholar,Hieun-Tsang stayed here and has given a detailed description of the situations prevailing at that time. A large number of ancient Buddhist establishments, stupas, chaityas, temples and monastery sites have been excavated and they show that this was one of the most important Buddhist centres of worship and culture.Regarding the historicity of Nalanda, we read in Jaina texts that Mahavira Vardhamana spent as many as fourteen rainy seasons in Nalanda. During the days of Mahavira and Buddha,Nalanda was apparently a very prosperous temple city, a great place of pilgrimage and the site of a celebrated university. It is said that King Asoka gave offerings to the Chaitya of Sariputra at Nalanda and erected a temple there.

Red
Location : Built By: Famous As: Delhi

Fort

Mugal emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.) Tourist site, as well as a powerful symbol of India's sovereignty

The Red Fort (Hindi: , Urdu: , usually transcribed into English as Lal Qil'ah or Lal Qila) is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India). It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. The British used it as a military camp until India was made independent in 1947. It is now a popular tourist site, as well as a powerful symbol of India's sovereignty: the Prime Minister of India raises the flag of India on the rampants of the Lahori Gate of the fort complex every year on Independence Day. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007[1]. Built by emperor Shah Jahan. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan started construction of the massive fort in 1638 and work was completed in 1648 (10 years) it was the residence of the royal family. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan moved his capital here from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests This Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shahjahan. The significant phases of development were under Aurangzeb and later Mughal rulers. The fort lies along the Yamuna River, which fed the moats that surround most of the wall

Konark Sun Temple


Location : Built By: Designed : Orissa near the sacred city of Puri King Narasimhadeva in 39th century
7 horses 24 wheels carrying the sun god

Konark Sun Temple is located, in the state of Orissa near the sacred city of Puri. The sun Temple of Konark is dedicated to the sun God or Surya. It is a masterpiece of Orissa's medieval architecture. Sun temple has been declared a world heritage site by UNESCO. The Konark temple is widely known not only for its architectural grandeur but also for the intricacy and profusion of sculptural work. The entire temple has been conceived as a chariot of the sun god with 24 wheels, each about 10 feet in diameter, with a set of spokes and elaborate carvings. Seven horses drag the temple. Two lions guard the entrance, crushing elephants. A flight of steps lead to the main entrance. Konark derives its name from Konarka, the presiding deity of the Sun Temple. Konarka is actually a combination of two words, Kona (corner) and Arka (sun), which, when combined, means the sun of the corner. Konark was one of the earliest centres of Sun worshipping in India. Konark was once a bustling port of Kalinga and had good maritime trade relations with Southeast Asian countries.

Qutab Minar
Location : Built By: Diameter : Agra Qutbuddin Aibak in1193 Base:-14.3 meter &Top Floor:- 2.75 meter The Qutab Minar is tall, with 379 steps leading to the top. The diameter of the base is 14.3 meters, while the top floor measures 2.75 meters in diameter. Surrounding the building are many fine examples of Indian artwork from the time it was built in 1193. It is made of red sandstone all the way except for two stories at the top. This part is of white marble and was made by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. He had decided to put a prominent finish to the magnificent minar Qutbuddin Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced construction of the Qutb Minar in 1193, but could only complete its base. His successor, Iltutmish, added three more stories and, in 1386, Firuz Shah Tughluq constructed the fifth and the last story. The minar did receive some damage because of earthquakes on more than a couple of occasions During the rule of Firoz Shah, the minar's two top floors got damaged due to earthquake but were repaired by Firoz Shah. In the year 1505, earthquake again struck and it was repaired by Sikandar Lodi. Later on in the year 1794, the minar faced another earthquake and it was Major Smith, an engineer who repaired the affected parts of the minar.

India Gate
Location : Famous As: Designed By: Height : New Delhi All India War Memoral Edwin Lutyens In 1921 42m

All India War Memorial India Gate is constructed as a memorial and was built in the memory of 90,00 soldiers who laid down their lives during world war I. Located at Rajpath, India Gate is 42 m high and is popular relaxation area during the summer evenings. India Gate also act as popular pinic spot during winter. Also known as the All India War Memorial, India Gate was designed and constructed by Lutyens. He was the who is considered the chief proclaimer in designing the New Delhi plans.

AJANTA ELLORA CAVES


Location : From Aurangabad Ajanta -100 km, Ellora - 30 km Built In : Ajanta Caves - 200BC to 650 AD and Ellora Caves - 350 AD to 700 AD Discovered By : Ajanta and Ellora caves discovered by John Smith in 1819 Major Attractions : Kailasa Temple, Buddha's Statues, Paintings

Chiseled during the span between the 2nd century BC and the 8th century AD, the Ajanta and Ellora caves are two of the most alluring tourist destinations in India. Discovered by John Smith, a British Army Officer with his group on their expedition in 1819 .
ELLORA CAVE

At 30 kms from Aurangabad are located the Ellora caves, 34 in number. They are carved into the sides of a basaltic hill. Carved during 350 AD to 700 AD, these structures depict the three faiths of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The 17 in the centre are dedicated to Hinduism, 12 caves to the south are Buddhist and the 5 caves to the north are Jain. The Kailasa temple in Cave 16 stands as one of the greatest architectural wonders with the entire composition chiseled out of a monolith.

ASHOK PILLAR AT SARNATH


The national emblem of is an adaptation from the Lion Capital seal of Ashoka at Sarnath. In the original (shown above), there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on lotus, carrying reliefs of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels of. Dharma Chakras. In the State emblem, adopted by the Government of India on January 26, 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the center of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. The words Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning Truth Alone Triumphs.

The Lion capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Indian lions standing back to back. It was originally placed atop the Aoka pillar at Sarnath, now in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The pillar, sometimes called the Aoka Column is still in its original location, but the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum. This Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath has been adopted as the National Emblem of India and the wheel Ashoka Chakra from its base was placed onto the center of the National Flag of India.

JAMA MASJID
Location : Built By: Delhi Mugal emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.)

Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India. The Jama Masjid stands across the road in front of the Red Fort. Built between 1644 and 1658, Jama Masjid is one of the last architectural works of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The spacious courtyard of the Jama Masjid holds thousands of faithful. Jama Masjid is located on a mound in the heart of the old city and projects beautifully into the Old-Delhi skyline. Jama Masjid Mosque was built in red sandstone and marble by more than 5000 artisans. Originally called the Masjid-i-Jahan-Numa, or "mosque commanding view of the world" The Jama Masjid was completed under the supervision of Saadullah Khan, the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan. A sum of Rs 10 lakhs was spent on the construction of the Jama Masjid. The Jama Masjid was completed under the supervision of Saadullah Khan, the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan. A sum of Rs 10 lakhs was spent on the construction of the Jama Masjid. The first three storeys of the Jama Masjid tower are made of red sandstone and the fourth one is made of marble, while the fifth is made of sandstone.

REFRENCE

PRACHIN KAAL KA ETIHAS

KUMAR & KUMAR

Thank You