You are on page 1of 15

ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION POLICY

..................improving health, rising wealth

GROUP 1

DEFINITION Aimed at developing and maintaining a clean, safe and pleasan physical and natural environment in all human settlements, to promote th socio-cultural, economic, physical well being of all sectors of the population GOAL To develop a clear and nationally accepted vision of environmental sanitation as an essential social service To improve health and the quality of life in Ghana COMPONENTS Collection and sanitary disposal of waste Storm water drainage and Control of pests and vectors of disease Food hygiene and Environmental sanitation education Disposal of the dead Control of rearing and straying of animals Inspection and enforcement of sanitary regulations Monitoring the observance of environmental standard Cleansing thoroughfares, markets and other public spaces GROUP 1 3

DEVELOPMENT ISSUES 1. GPRS (GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY) Restricting the formation of slums Management of flood control and drainage systems Promoting private sector participation in flood control and coastal protection MDG (MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL) Improving access to safe water supply and sanitation to reduce the population without access to basic water supply and sanitation by 50% by 2015 and 75% by 2025 Achieving significant improvement in lives of at least 100million slum dwellers by 2020 NEPAD(NEW PARTENERSHIP FOR AFRICAS DEVELOPMENT) Protection of the environment Better health care with priority attention to HIV/AIDS and other pandemic diseases

GROUP 1

POLICY FOCUS AND CHALLENGES


Capacity Development The key challenges facing this focus area includes: Lack of a formally constituted envtal sanitation sub-sector in

the governmental development plan. Inadequate allocation of resources for envtal sanitation services Lack of adequate professional manpower Information Education and Communication E.S involves all level of human activities an the key challenges include: Increasing waste levels associated with growing economy and changing life-style Widespread littering and indiscriminate dumping The use of wetland as waste disposal sites legislation and Regulation Weak and/ outdated and poorly enforced envtal sanitation legislation
GROUP 1 5

POLICY FOCUS AND CHALLENGES (contd)


Sustainable Financing and Cost Recovery Inadequate allocation of resource for envtal sanitation services Unsustainable financing of service with increasing burden on public sources Level of Service Increasing indiscriminate disposal of plastic waste Lack of final treatment and disposal facilities Lack of appropriate household level facilities Increasing level of waste associated with growing economy and life style changes Research and Development Inadequate dissemination of research findings to various stakeholders Developing the platform for adequate data collection Monitoring and Evaluation Institutionalizing a participatory M.E system Ensuring accountability and transparency in policy implementation
GROUP 1 6

OBJECTIVES,ACTIONS AND MEASURES


Objectives, actions and measures needed to respond to the numerous 1.

challenges include: Capacity Development: Proposals to meet this objective are Establishment of the EHSD under MLGRDE with regional offices to support the MMDAs Establishment of NESPoCC Upgrade all Schools of Hygiene to tertiary institutions Mainstream the use of ICT through training to manage iinformation 2. Information Education And Communication: This can be achieved by Raising awareness of the benefits of improved environmental sanitation Raising awareness on the increasing waste levels Raising awareness of the importance of wet lands and water courses 3 Legislation and Regulation
GROUP 1 7

4. 5. 6. 7.

Sustainable Financing and Cost Recovery Apply direct cost recovery where possible DA to subsidise where there are shortfalls Private sector investment LOS: Proposals to meet the desired LOS include Decrease the negative impact from environmental sanitation Waste should be adequately treated before final Disposal Meet the needs of everyone including physically challenged and vulnerable Research and Development Monotoring and Evaluation Track policy implementation Provide continuous improvement in responding to emerging challenges in the sector
GROUP 1 8

HOUSEHOLD AND COMMUNAL LEVEL RESPONSIBILITIES


Environmental sanitation is a public good.

Every individual, establishment and

institution has responsibilities! There is a sanction for irresponsibility. Every community has a role. Community-based organisations.

GROUP 1

INSTITUTIONS

PRINCIPAL SECTOR

ALLIED SECTORS

MLGRDE

VARIOUS RELATED MINISTRIES AND AGENCIES

NESPoCC

EHSD

METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES


GROUP 1

PRIVATE SECTOR
10

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT


COMPOSITION

- Solid wastes generated from various locations and discharged for collection - Hazardous waste (toxic, flammable, corrosive,etc) TREATMENT - Landfills, Composting facilities, waste stabilization ponds, trickling filters, septage treatment plants, etc. - Proper location to ensure safety and good health

ROLE OF DISTRICT ASSEMBLY


Plan provision of treatment and disposal sites Ensure land procured fulfills all legal requirements Proper management of site to satisfy approved

environmental standards
GROUP 1 11

LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT


EXCRETA DISPOSAL FACILITIES

- Water closet and septic tank system, pour flush latrine, VIP, aqua privy, any other recommended by MLGRDE - Unwanted ones bucket/pan, open trench latrine DISTRICT ASSEMBLY - Provide public facilities in CBD, major commercial areas, light industrial areas, local markets, public transport terminals - Promote construction and use of household toilets - Provision = DA but Operation = Private sector Sewerage and septage removal Sullage conveyance and disposal TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL SYSYTEMS - On-site systems - Off-site systems Stormwater Drainage Industrial Wastes - Solid, Liquid, gaseous and toxic, radioactive and other special wastes.
GROUP 1 12

PUBLIC CLEANSING VECTOR AND PEST CONTROL


Control of Insect infestation
Control of Rodents

FOOD HYGIENE
Prepared Foods Eating and Drinking Establishments

Slaughtering Facilities
Provision of Markets
GROUP 1 13

ENVTL. SANITATION EDUCATION


National and Local Level Programs

INSPECTION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT


Inspection of Premises and Public Open Spaces

Sanitary Legislation Enforcement

DISPOSAL OF DEAD
Burial Legislation, Cemeteries and Crematoria
Private Mortuaries and Funeral Homes
GROUP 1 14

CONTROL OF REARING AND STRAYING

OF ANIMAL
Rearing of animals
Control of straying animals Control of dogs and other pets

GROUP 1

15