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By Ankita Indumathi Sharath Maulisaran

Key Terms

Aging- The process by which wine matures Aroma- The natural fragrance that emanates from the fermented grape Body- The body can be real of perceived. The real body refers to the thickness of the wine in the bottle, whereas perceived is the feel of the wine in the mouth. Bouquet- The Bouquet is the scent released from the bottle once it is uncorked. Once the Bouquet dissipates, the wine is left with the aroma Chaptalization- This refers to changing the alcohol content of the wine by adding sugar to the must. This does not add to the sweetness of the wine, this is caused by the grapes, not from Chaptalization. Italy and California do not allow Chaptalization Dry- This refers to a wine low in residual sugar Fermentation- This is the process by which grape juice turns into wine. Glucose is broken down into equal parts of ethanol and carbon dioxide in the presence of yeast.

Key Terms contd

Finish This refers to the taste that is left in the mouth after the wine has been swallowed. It is the aftertaste, texture, and mouth-feel Must This is the unfermented juice of freshly harvested grapes Oenophile A wine connoisseur Texture The impression on the palate left by dense, full-bodied wines Thin A wine lacking in body, with the viscosity of water Vinification The act of wine making Vintner A wine maker

Map of French Wine Regions

History
Wine has been around for thousands of years! Through the ages, wine has played a major role in the development of the human species Wild grapes never grew in present day Egypt, yet much evidence of wine was found in the Nile delta area This is due much to the trade by the bronze age people of the eastern Mediterranean region The middle east was the first area where evidence of wine was found and it progressively spread out to the greater Mesopotamia area

Bordeaux

There are 21 types of wine that are produced in the Bordeaux Region
The three most popular wines are:
Saint Emilion Medoc Margaux

More Bordeaux

The Saint-Emilion region of Bordeaux is the oldest wine producing area of Bordeaux
The Wines are generally much more robust, high in color, and

reach their maturity much sooner than other red Bordeaux wines

The Medoc area is located north of the town of Bordeaux


Medoc wines are red and are described as delicate, medium colored,

fine, and elegant

The Margaux requires the most care of the 3 popular Bordeaux wines
The grapes sit on a soil of white graves which is a special kind of

gravel brought from the mountains by the river The Margaux wines have a full-flavored bouquet and a magnificent elegance

Burgundy

The Burgundy region of France is located in the eastern half and is southwest of Alsace
The most popular wine from this region and also the most

popular white wine in France is the Chablis The Chablis comes from the Chardonnay grape The Chardonnay grape grows on a limestone soil rich in fossils and specialty oysters This is due to the fact that in an earlier age, a Sea covered the area

Champagne

One of the best known wines in the world


The Region is located in the north eastern

part of France The Champagne region harbors Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier, and Pinot Noir Champagne is a festive wine, and is most known for times of celebration

Ctes du Rhne

Located in the Southeast region of France


Very diverse wines take most advantage of the weather and winemaking conditions of the Rhne valley. Produces 10 varieties of wine These 10 include: Cte Rtie - Condrieu - Chteau Grillet - Hermitage - Crozes Hermitage Cornas Gigondas - Chteauneuf du Pape - Cte du Ventoux

Languedoc-Roussillion
The most productive wine region in the world Produces mostly red wines, and are good for everyday table wines The types of wines created there are:

Corbire, Coteaux du Languedoc, Ctes du Roussillon, Fitou, Minervois, Saint Chinian, Costires de Nimes

Loire Valley Region

Located in the north-west region of France


This Region is known as one of the most beautiful wine

producing regions of France The most popular wines produced in this region include: Muscadet, Anjou, Coteaux du Layon, Saumur, Touraine, Bourgueil, Chinon, Vouvray, Pouilly Fum, Sancerre

Provence

The Provence region is located in the South of France on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea It is most known for its fruity Rose Wines Three very popular wines from the region include: Ctes de Provence, Bandol, Bellet

Corsica

Corsica is the Island found off the southern French coast It is affectionately called "L'le de beaut or The Beautiful Island The wines here are naturally delicious and generally consist of dry white wines, and rose wines These wines must be drunk young and fresh, and the best wines from the region come from the east and west coasts of the island

South West France

The wines from the South West of France are very diverse and include red wine, dry white wine, and sweet white wines The types of wines produced here include: Bergerac, Buzet, Cahors, Gaillac, Madiran, Bergerac, Juranon, Gaillac, Monbazillac Located in very close relation to the Bordeaux region and the wines are often confused with one another The wines of the region today are of excellent quality and follow local history and traditions

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