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# Asymptotes and Curve Sketching Past Paper Questions from AQA FP1

## QUESTION 1 (2007 JUNE AQA FP1)

3x 1 y x2
Vertical Asymptote when denominator is zero

x20

x 2

## Horizontal Asymptote investigate the limit as x goes to infinity

3x 1 3 1 x y x 2 1 2 x

as x 3 y 1

## Horizontal Asymptote at y=3

when x 0 3(0) 1 1 y 02 2

## Curve passes through the point

(0,

1 ) 2

when y 0 3x 1 0 x2 0 3x 1 1 x 3

1 ( , 0) 3

## QUESTION 2 (2007 JAN AQA FP1)

x y 2 x 1
Vertical Asymptote when denominator is zero

x2 1 0 x2 1 x 1
TWO vertical asymptotes
x=1 and x=-1

## Horizontal Asymptote investigate the limit as x goes to infinity

1 x y 2 x1 x 1 1 x2

as x y0

## Horizontal asymptote y=0

x y 2 x 1
THIS IS THE RESULTING SKETCH

## when y 0 ( x 1)( x 3) 0 x( x 2) 0 ( x 1)( x 3) x 1 or x 3

Curve passes through the x axis at the points
(1,0) and (3,0)

( x 1)( x 3) y x( x 2)
Vertical Asymptote when denominator is zero

x ( x 2) 0 x0 x2

x=0 and x=2

## Horizontal Asymptote investigate the limit as x goes to infinity

(1 )(1 ) y 1(1 2 x)
1 x 3 x

as x (1)(1) y (1)(1)

Horizontal asymptote
y=1

The graph was not required in this exam question but this is the sketch that would be obtained.
We would need to differentiate and equate to zero in order to find that the stationary point is a min at (1,4)

( x 1)( x 3) y x( x 2)

## QUESTION 4 (2006 JAN AQA FP1)

6x y ( x 1)
Vertical Asymptote occurs when denominator is zero

x 1 0 x 1

6 y 1 1 x

## as x Horizontal asymptote 6 y is the line y=6 1

6x y ( x 1)

When x=0 we see that y=0 also. The graph passes through (0,0)

If we attempt to find stationary values we find there are none! The gradient is always negative. (try it!)
The function is monotonic Decreasing.

## QUESTION 5 (2005 JUNE AQA FP1)

x2 4 x y 2 x 9
Horizontal Asymptote is PARALLEL TO THE x AXIS. Investigate the limit as x goes to infinity

1 4 x y 1 x92

as x 1 y 1

## Explain why the graph has no asymptote parallel to the y axis.

An asymptote which is parallel to the y axis is vertical and would occur when the denominator is zero. Is this possible here? No because

x2 4 x y 2 x 9

Suggests that
But this equation does not have REAL roots

x 9 0
2

Concluding, The denominator can not be zero and so there are no vertical asymptotes.

The graph was not required in this exam question but this is the sketch that would be obtained. In this graph when y=1 we find x=2.25 (check this!) So the graph WILL cross the horizontal asymptote

x2 4 x y 2 x 9