Applying Archimedes Principle

Learning Outcomes By the end of this lesson you should be able to  Relate buoyant force of a floating object to its weight  Solve problems involving Archimedes Principle .

 What do you see?  .Cartesian Diver Concentrate on the bottle  Observe carefully.

Physicist and Engineer.Archimedes of Syracuse (~ 287 – 212 BC)    Greek Mathematician. Astronomer. Philosopher. Discover the principles of Density and Buoyancy Invented the Archimedes' screw .

Archimedes Principle  States that a body that is …………… or …………………. . Submerged in a fluid will experienced a ……………… force equal to the …………… of the fluid displaced.

Activity 1  In groups of 3 or 4 Try to explain what happens when the bottle is squeezed and when it is released.  Draw diagrams indicating the forces acting on it to clarify your answers.  When the bottle is squeezed ………….  When the bottle is released ……………  .

PRESENTATION .

.   the pressure decreases. The higher pressure     This causes the dropper to displace less water. and the air inside the bulb expands once again. forces more water into the eyedropper. thus decreasing the buoyant force and causing it to sink. When you release the sides of the bottle.  This causes more water to be displaced thus increasing the buoyant force and the diver rises. compressing the air in the eyedropper.Cartesian Diver – How it works   As you squeeze the bottle.  you increase the pressure everywhere in the bottle.

Activity 2 – Cup Trick Full Empty 1. Will the empty cup float on the water filled cup? 2. Will the 1/3 full cup float on the 2/3 filled cup? 3. Will the 2/3 full cup float on the 1/3 filled cup? .

Results No Prediction – Actual result – Explanation float or sink float or sink 1 2 3 .

Explanation The amount of water in the second cup give the weight of the cup.  When it is put on the first cup it will displace the same volume of water.  This gives as the Law of floatation   A floating body will displace it own weight of water.  Therefore the weight of water displaced is equal to the weight of the second cup. .Cup Trick .

Evaluation .

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What have we learnt?  Consider a floating object What can you say about the relation between the buoyant force and weight of the water displaced?  What can you say about the buoyant force and the weight of the object?  .

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