PLATYHELMINTHE S (Flatworms

)

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
 Morphology

– – – – –

Flattened dorso-ventral No segmentation, bilaterlly symetrical Incomplete GIT( no anus) Lack body cavity Hermaphrodite or monoecious
 EXCEPT for Schistosoma (dioecious)

Classification
Class trematoda (Flukes) – Liver flukes  Fasciola hepatica  Chlonorchis sinensis – Intestinal flukes  Fascilopsis buski – Lung flukes  Paragonimous westermani – Blood flukes  Schistosoma sp.

Class Cestoda

– Order Pseudophyllidea  Diphylliobotrium latum – Order Cyclophyllidea  Dipyliidium caninum  Hymenolepsis nana  Taenia saginata  Taenia solium

Class Cestoda ( Tapeworms)
Morphology  Head or scolex - For attachment to mucosa

Neck - Region of growth

Proglottids (segments) - no GIT and vascular sys. - have nervous system - gravid segments (hermaphroditic) - strobila: series of segments - eggs are operculated EXCEPT Diphyllobothrium

Life cycle

Requires 1 intermediate host EXCEPT for:
– Diphyllobothrium - 2 intermediate hosts – Hymenolepsis - no intermediate host

Transmission - Oral route - 1 worm: 1 person

  

Broad or fish tapeworm Disease: fish tapeworm infection Habitat: ileum

Diphyllobothrium latum

Largest intestinal tapeworm in man Morphology

– Bothria or sucking grooves – Spatulate scolex

Manifestation – Epigastric pain, abdominal cramps, vomiting, weight loss, anemia Diagnosis – Fecalysis -> recovery of proglottid or eggs Treatment: Niclosamide Prevention: throrough cooking of freshwater fish

Dog tapeworm

Dipylidium caninum

Disease: dipylidiasis, dog tapeworm infection Manifestations: – Indigestion, loss of appetite – Passage of proglottids in feces (mistaken for maggots)

Diagnosis: fecalysis Treatment: Niclosamide, quinacrine Prevention: insecticide for dogs

Hymenolepsis nana
  

Dwarf tapeworm Smallest tapeworm No intermediate host Transmission: – Ingestion – Internal autoinfection

Manifestation – Periodic diarrhea, abdominal pain, anorexia Diagnosis: fecalysis Treatment: Niclosamide, Praziquantel Prevention: personal hygiene

Taenia saginata

Beef tapeworm Scolex have 4 suckers Man is the only DEFINITIVE HOST Habitat: duodeno-jejunal area Manifestation:

– Epigastric pain, diarrhea, nausea, irritability, weight loss

Diagnosis: fecalysis Treatment: niclosamide, paromomycin Prevention: – Thorough cooking of beef – Cattle no allowed to graze in sewage infected areas

Taenia solium

Pork tapeworm Smaller than beef tapeworm Has rostellum (circular row of hooks) Man is the only DEFINITIVE HOST Habitat: jejunum

Manifestation: – Cysticercosis  Larval migration to organs  Brain: epilepsy, disordered behavior  Eyes: blindness – Upon death of parasite: fever, myalgia, eosinophilia – Intestines: intestinal obstruction

Diagnosis: fecalysis, biopsy Treatment: – niclosamide, praziquantel, mebendazole Prevention: – thorough cooking of pork – Hygiene – sanitation

Quiz time
Get 1/8 paper please

 1.

_L__W_R_S  Clue: platyhelminthes T__E_O_M_  Clue : cestodes S_O_E_  Clue: head of cestodes

 2.

 3.

 4.

_EC_L__IS  Clue: laboratory examination P_O_L_T_ID  Clue: segments

 5.

Exchange papers

Answers
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Flatworms Tapeworms Scolex Fecalysis Proglottids

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful