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Reporter: Ruel B.

Cedeno

Who brought Islam in the Philippines?


Arab Traders/Muslim Merchants are trading profitably in the Malay World particularly in Borneo Since Borneo is close to the Philippines, Muslim traders had begun to explore the southern parts esp. Sulu

Who brought Islam in the Philippines?


An Arab remain was found in a tempat on Bud Dato, Jolo (710 AH or 1310 AD) Hence, there was already Muslim settlement in Jolo island at the end of 13th century Historians agreed that Missionaries, Arab traders and teachers(sufis) brought Islam in the Philippines

Who are these Missionaries?


Tuan Mashaika the root of Islamization in the Philippines Married a local maiden and raised his daughters as Muslims Lived in Jolo in the early 14th century

Who are these Missionaries?


Karim ul Makhdum He reinforced Islam by winning new adherents Founded the 1st mosque at Tubig-Indangan on Simunul Island There may be two or more Makhdumin who spread Islam Due to the presence of graves in several places claimed by residents

Who are these Missionaries?


Rajah Baguinda Came to Jolo from Menangkabaw, Sumatra Overcame Joloanos resistance and insinuated himself into Sulu leadership Marrried the daughter of local chieftain Strengthened Islamic consciousness in Sulu area

Who are these Missionaries?


Sayyid Abu Bakar Aka Sultan Sharief ul Hashim Married Rajah Baguindas daughter Paramisuli Founded the 1st Sultanate of Sulu Further consolidated Islam and shaped political institutions Direct descendant of Muhammad(S.A.W) Gave cakes and clothings to the natives and converted the hill people to Islam

How did it penetrate Mindanao?


Sharief Awliya Introduced Islam not far from Cotabato City While looking at the hill of Tawantawan, he met a houri and married her and bore him a daughter Paramisuli and married Sharief Maraja

How did it penetrate Mindanao?


Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Credited for the introduction of Islam in Mindanao His father was alleged as descendant of Prophet Muhammad Ilanun and Maguindanao people proudly claim that they were Islamized by his influence Secured alliance with the Datus and converted them

How did it penetrate Mindanao?


Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Married the daughters of local datus Laid foundations of Maguindanaon Sultanate His great great grandson, Qudarat, who is the 1st Sultan in Maguindanao

How did it penetrate Mindanao?


Sharief Alawi Carried Islam to Bukidnon and the shores of Lake Lanao Came from Cotabato to the mouth of Tagoloan River (Misamis Oriental)

What did the Spaniards do?


Teachers from Brunei and Moluccas helped to strengthen Muslim consciousness Spanish Governor General Francisco de Sande ordered commanders of two military expeditions against Maguindanao to arrest preachers (1578-1579)

What did the Spaniards do?


Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila complained to the King of Spain that Islam is getting prevalent in Mindanao They are building mosques and the boys are circumcised, and there is a school where they are taught the alcoran At 16th century, Maguindanao had sufficiently incorporated into dar-al-islam (household of Islam)

What did the Spaniards do?


Islamization was completed by the late nineteenth century when the Spaniards returned to campaign again Islamic legitimization are derived from alliances and intermarriages with Maguindanao and Ilanun aristocratic families.

Main Stages of Islamization


1. The appearance of Muslim missionaries in the Cotabato area around the middle of fifteenth century possibly Arabs or Arab descent, and they appear to have come via the Sulu archipelago on their way to Cotabato. To them can be attributed the beginning of Muslim settlements in the area of Pulangi River Basin. To this stage belong the legendary Sharief Awliya and Sharief Maraja.

Main Stages of Islamization


2. The immigration of Islamic people and the arrival of Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan in the Illana Bay area in the first quarter of the sixteenth century. The ruling families of Buayan and Cotabato are Muslims and through their efforts the process of Islamization accelerated. Muslim alliances with neighboring small principalities took place.

Main Stages of Islamization


3. Additional contacts with other Muslim principalities, i.e., Sulu and the Moluccas in the last quarter of the sixteenth century marriage alliances between the royal families of Sulu, Cotabato and Ternate were forged. Bornean and Ternatean preachers as well as itinerant Arab teachers, appeared before the end of the sixteenth.

Main Stages of Islamization


4. A stiffening of Islamic attitudes in the face of Spanish attempts at colonization and Christianization around the beginning of the seventeenth century-an acceleration of the Islamization process in the Maranao area followed. A general awareness among the Muslim people of Mindanao that they belong to a wider dar-al-islam became universal, especially during the reign of Sultan Qudarat.

Get Ready and Earn Points!


A. Raise your right hand B. Raise your both hands C. Stand up D. Stand up and raise your right hand

Review Pop Quiz


Who introduced Islam in Mainland Mindanao?
A. B. C. D. Rajah Baguinda Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Karim ul Makhdum Sayyid Abu Bakr
A. B. C. D. Raise your right hand Raise your both hands Stand up Stand up and raise your right hand

ANSWER: B

Review Pop Quiz


Who was the first Sultan in Sulu?
A. B. C. D. Sultan Qudarat Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Karim ul Makhdum Sayyid Abu Bakr
A. B. C. D. Raise your right hand Raise your both hands Stand up Stand up and raise your right hand

ANSWER: D

Review Pop Quiz


What do you call the written geneology in Sulu?
A. B. C. D. Quran Hadith Tarsilas Vedas
A. B. C. D. Raise your right hand Raise your both hands Stand up Stand up and raise your right hand

ANSWER: C

Review Pop Quiz


Who reinforced Islam in Jolo, Sulu?
A. B. C. D. Rajah Baguinda Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Karim ul Makhdum Sayyid Abu Bakr

ANSWER: C

Review Pop Quiz


Who founded the first mosque in the Philippines?
A. B. C. D. Rajah Baguinda Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Karim ul Makhdum Sayyid Abu Bakr
A. B. C. D.

ANSWER: C

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Review Pop Quiz


He begun the process of Islamization by raising his children as Muslims
A. B. C. D. Tuan Mashaika Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Sharief Maraja Sayyid Abu Bakr
A. B. C. D.

ANSWER: A

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Review Pop Quiz


Who came to Jolo from Menangkabaw, Sumatra who headed warriors and settlers?
A. B. C. D. Sharief Maraja Sharief Muhammad Kabungsuan Karim ul Makhdum Rajah Baguinda
A. B. C. D.

ANSWER: D

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